Wednesday, June 10, 2015

The GORRIE family of Condocloich, Perthshire


My earliest GORRIE ancestry can evidently be traced back to what is known amongst Scottish historians as a "ferm toun" in the Logielamond District of north-west Perthshire, where the River Almond tumbles out of the Sma Glen, on the Highland divide, and meanders across a lush part of  Perthshire to the east, and its confluence with the river Tay, a few miles north of Perth.
A ferm toun is, to the best of my understanding, a rural household (or a close group of houses) in which more than one branch of an extended family live together over an extended period.

There is a house in Logielamond named Condocloich, which is almost certainly the one shown in an early 19th century Ordnance Survey map of the area. It seems to be a reasonable presumption that this was the house, or a later up-dated version on the same site, in which the early generations of GORRIE's resided.


[Condocloich, as viewed from the main road, looking north. Photo taken by the author in 1993.]

It is said that there is a rounded boulder behind the house known as Condocloich, which boulder stood about 6 foot high, and had a sizeable "dimple" in the upper surface, which collected rainwater. Local folk-lore says it was known as the Baptismal Stone - but whether it was ever used for "consecrated" baptisms is unknown, although that would appear unlikely, as the parish had its own consecrated church.

One of the earliest families with vital events recorded in the Parish Register of Fowlis Wester Parish, and which identified a residence in Condocloich, was that of Humphrey GORRIE (or GORY) and his wife Margaret McCARA, who had children baptised there between 1698 and 1712, including a son John GORRIE (baptised in Apr 1707), who may have been my ancestor. See further below.

But first we might profit a look at the name GORRIE, and what is speculated about its origins.

EARLY GORRIES IN THE OUTER HEBRIDES.

Some researchers believe that the surname derived from Gorrie [Siol GORRIE I], Lord of Garmoran and of lands on North Uist, who was born in 1341, the eldest son of John, Lord of Islay (or the Isles), by his 1st wife Amy McRUARI (his 3rd cousin; they were married in 1337 with dispensation from pope Benedict XII), but who did not inherit his father's lands after John repudiated Ami and married 2ndly (with dispensation from pope Clement VI) in 1350 or 1358 (the former date being indicated by Clement's death in 1352), the Lady Margaret, a daughter of Robert the Steward (who was to be crowned King Robert II of Scotland in 1371); John died at Ardtornish Castle in 1386, whence the Lordship of the Isles went to his eldest son of his 2nd marriage, one Donald of Harlaw, who claimed the Earldom of Ross by right of his marriage to Margaret LESLIE, the only daughter of Euphemia (died 1398), Countess of Ross.

Gorrie (or Godfrey) was evidently received at the English Court in 1388, with his brothers, as independent Celtic "princes"; said to have been superseded in the succession to the Lordship of the Isles in 1386, for  "...maintaining his mother's prior claims"; he is known to have granted in 1389, as Lord of Uist, a charter of lands in North Uist to the Monastery of Inchaffray; he dispossessed his brother Ranald's children when Ranald died shortly after their father John; and he himself died in 1401 at his mother's Castle at Tiorim, in Moydart.


[Ruins of Castel Tiorim. Photo taken by Jean AYLER of York, ca 2000.]

Gorrie's eldest son was Allastair [Siol GORRIE II] also known as Angus or Alexander; he was executed at Inverness by James I in 1427, having had issue by Margaret AIRD two known sons:
a.  Allastair [Siol GORRIE IV], born 1421; Lord of North Uist; died 1460.
b.  John Ranald [Siol GORRIE V]; he died in 1469 in battle at Cnoc Salltran, a mile south of the Vallay ford, his descendants "...becoming tenants Clan Uistein, the MacDONALD's of Sleat, in part of the lands which had been ruled by their predecessors" [See Erskine BEVERIDGE, "North Uist, Its Archaeology and Topography", 1911, at p.24 of the facsimile reproduction on 1999].

Gorrie's other sons were:
2.  John (born ca 1362), Prior of Iona.
3.  Ranald [Siol GORRIE III], born 1365; settled Paible; gave his name to Balranald in the parish of Mantach; died in 1440, leaving issue.
4. Somerled; ancestor of the CAMERONs.

A modern chronicle of "The Clan MACDONALD," written by the Reverends Angus and Archibald MACDONALD, the Ministers respectively of Killearnan and Kiltarty, was published at Inverness in 1904; it records a very similar account of "The Clan GODFREY" beginning at page 359.

Another source for the above outline is to be found in the "History of the Western Highlands & Isles of Scotland, from A.D. 1493 to A.D. 1625," by Donald GREGORY, Edinburgh (Wm TAIT, Publisher), 1836, where the detailed story of John, Lord of the Isles, is told, and where "Siol GORRIE" mentions are made at pp. 34 et seq., and at pp.64-65.

A further important source for information about these events is "The Clans, Septs & Regiments of the Scottish Highlands," by Frank ADAMS, first published in 1908, with further editions in 1924 and 1934; and with a 4th and revised edition of it published in 1952 by Sir Thomas INNES of Learny, Lord Lyon King of Arms, incorporating additional information from historical deeds and other "...ancient legal documents" [see on-line copy of a 1970 re-print, at pp. 236 et seq].


[Map of North Uist, from the Bartholomew Half-Inch map series of G.B. - image courtesy of Collins Bartholomew.
The high-tide island of Vallay lies on the northern coastline, to the west of Udal (on the peninsula
pointing up to the north towards the island of Boreray) and just to the north west of Malaclett.
The valley of Hosta lies to the west, just inside the most western part of the arc of the main road.]

And there is yet another source, published earlier in the "Proceedings of the Society of Antiquities of Scotland," Vol.8, 10 Jan 1870, at page 276, in the form of letter by Alex A. CARMICHAEL, Esq, of Lochmaddy (an officer of the Excise Department, with antiquarian interests), to W.F. SKENE, Esq, LL.D., F.S.A. Scot., concerning CARMICHAEL's archaeological forays into the Outer Hebrides, undoubtedly with local folk-lore as his guide, supported by other published versions of the events that he had to hand, with the following account of the massacres on North Uist, which are not dated in this account, but which other sources suggest may have occurred in or around 1486:
      "The Siol GORRIE, previously referred to, was at one time numerous in North Uist; but a savage feud between themselves and the Siol MURDOCH, another sept of the MacDONALDs, brought them to the verge of extinction. The former were the legitimate possessors of N. Uist, but the latter disputed this, whereupon the two contending factions began a struggle which, in its destructiveness, might be compared to the War of the Roses, or the apocryphal story of the Kilkenny cats.
      "It would seem that the Siol MURDOCH (Siolach Mhurachaidh), the descendants of Murdoch, were the stronger, and consequently that the Siol GORRIE (Siolach Ghoirridh), the descendants of Gorrie, were as much indebted to their stratagems as to their strength in maintaining the unequal contest. The greater part of the Siol MURDOCH lived in the valley of Hosta. About three-quarters of a mile from, and in the hill above this, there was a lake. The Siol GORRIE upon one occasion came under cover of night and cut away the embankment of this lake, whereupon the water rushed down the glen and drowned the inhabitants of the valley beneath.
      "The scene of this tragedy has remained the site of the lake ever since. During calm, clear weather, I believe, the remains of houses can still be discovered in the bottom of the lake. To revenge this outrage, the rest of the Siol MURDOCH marched in a body against the Siol GORRIE, who lived at Udal, on the north-west side of the the island. It is said that Udal was the largest township in the Long Island at that time.
      "The Siol MURDOCH found the Siol GORRIE at their tillage in the fields, when they came upon them unawares, and put them all to the sword, except one man, who escaped by swimming and wading across to the island of Oirisey, whence he escaped to Boisdall, in South Uist, where it is said some of his descendants are still. After putting all their foes to the sword, the Siol MURDOCH pursued their course to the hamlet of Udal, the whole of which they gave to the flames, sparing neither young not old, male or female, in their savagery.
      "It is said there were eighteen 'ploughs' at work in the fields on this occasion, and considering that the rude mode of tillage in vogue in those days required 5 to 6 men attending each 'plough' the carnage in this field of slaughter must have been great..."

The Revs A. & A. MACDONALD ["The Clan MACDONALD," Op.Cit., p.366] also make mention of this particular "atrocity" - although the Godfrey/Gorrie mentioned here is a nephew of the one identified earlier (see above):
"DONALD, the son of John, succeeded his father at Balranald as tenant of the family of Sleat. We find him here flourishing in the time of the sons of Hugh of Sleat, of whom he was a contemporary. Hugh Macdonald, the Seanachie of the Clan Uistden, describes an episode in Donald's family life of which Angus Collach, son of Hugh, was the hero, and which led to fierce and sanguinary feuds, to which reference has been made in Vol. II.
"Donald married a lady of the Clanranald family, a daughter of Ranald Ban Allanson, 12th Chief. He had at least two sons:
"1. His successor at Balranald, name unknown.
"2. Godfrey, who settled at Vallay.

"For at least two hundred years his descendants occupied Balranald, and with other branches of the Clann Gorraidh engaged in many feuds, particularly with a tribe of Macdonalds, the Siolachadh Mhurchaidh. This sept is said to have been descended from an individual of the name of Murdoch, a natural son, according to the Sleat historian, of Angus Mor of Isla, and was numerous in North Uist, the only region where, so far as we are aware, they had a local habitation and a name. A tradition has been handed down in Uist regarding a strange weird act of vengeance perpetrated upon the Siolachadh Mhurchaidh by the Clan Gorraidh. Loch Hosta in North Uist at present adjoins the farms of Hosta and Baleloch, and it is said that in olden times the hollow now occupied by this sheet of water was dry, and inhabited by a settlement of Siolachadh Mhurchaidh. To the east, and on a higher elevation on the moor, was a lake, and the scheme of retribution concocted by the Siol Ghorraidh took the form of opening a way for its waters, so that their course might be directed downwards upon the unfortunate hamlet. The operation was with little difficulty carried through owing to the character of the moorland, and the lake let loose rushed down into the hollow at Hosta, through the channel of a burn now known as Amhainn Ealaidh, thereby submerging the habitations, and drowning many of the Siol Mhurchaidh. The night on which this terrible scheme was executed, a Clan Gorraidh piper composed and played a pibroch of savage vindictiveness, to which the words were wont to be sung:
               'thraigh gu traigh Siolachadh Mhurchaidh.'
"The links of the genealogical succession of Godfrey's descendants at Balranald have not been preserved either in record or tradition up to the time of Donald Macdonald in Paiblisgeary, whom we find in 1723 witnessing the Bond of Uist men in favour of securing the forfeited Estates of Sleat to the family in occupation."


It seems a pity to spoil a good yarn by asking difficult questions, to which we will never know the answers anyway. But I do wonder about the following:
1. Was the upper level peat dam a natural formation? Or might it have been formed or shaped by human hands, perhaps cutting away a local energy source for their kitchen or ceilidh fires, over a number of years and/or generations? Is that how the catchment was formed in the first place?
2. Was there a rise in water level behind the dam in the days or hours prior to the "collapse"? Or, in engineering-speak, might prolonged rain-fall have resulted in a natural rise in pore-water pressure on a potential slip-circle, which may have led to a spontaneous & natural collapse? For which the GORRIEs were instantly blamed, no less!
3. Why were the MURDOCH houses evidently built in a valley which became so easily flooded, lying as they appear to have done in a potential flood zone, under an upper level reservoir of water? And how did that lower reservoir form so quickly - did the upper dam peat wall get washed down virtually intact, and pile up against a restriction further down the glen?
4. If the GORRIE men did plan the "accident" and initiate it as stated, why then did they appear to be so ill-equipped to react to the revenge attacks mounted by the MURDOCHs? Surely they would have expected such reprisals, and at the very least had weapons with them in their fields? Or posted a look-out to warn their kinfolk at Udal?

Be that as it may, and as appears to occur with all good stories so far back in the past, there are other disagreements among recent & present day researchers concerning the accuracy or otherwise of each other's speculations.

Erskine BEVERIDGE [Op.Cit.] wrote, of the outer Hebridean Island of North Uist, that the "...first recorded occupant of Vallay whom we are able to trace with any certainty was Godfrey McGORRIE, who held Vallay about the year 1516, being there succeeded by his son Alexander and grandson Donald until after 1614."
He added that Donald, evidently the last, was under notice to leave, sometime before 1643, whereupon he received a lease for Malaclett farm, the ruins of which were still known in 1911 as Totaichean Mhic Ghoraidh.

My late great-uncle, Robert Maclagan GORRIE (1898-1970) had his mind wonderfully focused on matters relating to his Scottish heritage during a long stint working for the Indian Forestry Service between the 2 World Wars. I have photocopies of his typed pedigree notes, annotated by hand with corrections and additions - and much of his research was published during his lifetime, in articles that appeared in the Clan Donald Magazine (Vol. 1, p. 506) and elsewhere (including the Journal of the Scottish Historical Society, No 56). His major opus, "The Siol Gorrie," was published in 1968 in the Scottish Genealogist, Vol. 15, No 2, at pp. 36-43.
His sources included, of course, GREGORY's "History of the Western Highlands, &c" [Op.Cit.]; and an evidently earlier printing of ADAM's "The Clans, &c" [Op.Cit.].
This work was preceded by his evidently much shorter item, with the same title, published three years earlier in the Clan Donald Magazine, No 3, 1965 (Edinburgh), at page 16, as follows:
       "The name GORRIE recurs repeatedly in ancient Celtic records as a Gaelicised form of the Scandinavian Gudfroor or Gofrid. Kenneth McALPINE married a Gorries sister, so he may have cemented the entente between Picts and Scots.
       "When surnames were still considered unnecessary, GORRIE was a common name amongst both Irish and Dalriadans; it is still common in the Isle of Man today as 'ORREE.'  It also arose as an indigenous Norse version in the Orkneys, where it is spelt with one 'R,' whereas the Hebridean form has two. Some of the clan books would have us believe that it is the same as the Lowland Perthshire 'Gowrie,' but the broad 'OW' is not a typical Gaelic sound.
       "G.F. BLACK in his 'Surnames of Scotland' gives for MacGORRIE: 'settled in Logiealmond 400 years ago; now used as GORAIDH or GORRIE, a common name in the west Highlands especially among MACDONALDS and MACLEODS.' Descent is from GORRIE, the youngest son of 'Good John of Isla' who died in 1380.
       "The main stream of present day GORRIEs appears to be in Clan DONALD, although the LAMONTs and MacALISTERs have also used it. The Clan DONALD accepts the link between the Logiealmond GORRIEs and the descendants of Siol GORRIE of North Uist.
       "The 'decay' of the Siol GORRIE reported by GREGORY and repeated in ADAM's 'Clans' was actually a battle at Cnoc Salltran in 1469 when the Siol VURUCHIE of Clan MURCHAID beat the Siol GORRIE in a tribal quarrel.
       "GORRIEs remained on the island of Vallay, on the north-west coast of North Uist, until about 1620, but by that time they had become tenants of the Sleat chiefs, and no longer owned any land. 
       "A number of possible reasons can be advanced for their moving out:
       "1. There had been so much sea erosion that their holdings in Vallay, Baleshare and Balranald must have suffered heavily.
       "2. Some were put to the horn and escheated for sharing in a disreputable looting of the barque "Susannah" which was blown off its course from St Malo to Limerick and sought harbourage in Uist.
       "3. The Augustinian monks from Innerpeffray and Incharay in Logiealmond established a daughter priory at Carinish in North Uist, thus forming a direct link between these two districts.
       "4. A GORRIE of Vallay was invited by the Keppoch men to enter for the vacant Keppoch chiefship in 1478. He was not chosen but settled in Tirnadish in Lochaber and lived there until 1548, leaving numerous progeny.
       "5. Others of the name took service under CLANRANALD to fight in Ireland and raid the MACKENZIEs in Kintail and the CAMPBELLs in Glenlyon,
      " The first records of them turning up in Logiealmond as residents rather than unwelcome visitors are in 1637 and 1642 when William, the son of Donald GORRIE is charged with "hamesucken" of John GOK, and on another date with wrongful imprisonment of John McAGO. But by 1681 Thomas GORRIE was captain of the watch of Logiealmond - incidentally the earliest record of a watch formation, the Black Watch not being formed until 13 years later. The main centre in Logiealmond seems to have been a 'ferm toon' variously spelt as Condocloich, Culnaclich, Culnawhick, Condacloch and Culnacloich, where various families were raised until about 1800 when there was a local population explosion which scattered then into Crieff, Perth and Dundee."

Bob (RMG) also corresponded with Graham GORRIE of Brisbane (a descendant of Sir John Moffat GORRIE, a Justice in Fiji, with roots in Condocloich via Kingskettle in Fife), and their research seemed to disagree upon several details, including the assertion that the GORRIEs held Vallay, close to the north coast of North Uist, near Griminish Point, from 1380 to 1622, when Donald Odhar GORRIE was forced to move to Benbecula (later confirmed to be in error for Malaclett).
But Graham GORRIE left a pedigree in which he asserted that Alexander [Siol IV] and John [Siol VI] were sons of Ranald [Siol III] and not of Allastair [Siol II] as BEVERIDGE had speculated.

And Graham GORRIE continued the line further by asserting in his pedigree (which was in 2003 among papers in the possession of Jean AYLER of York) that Donald [Siol GORRIE VI], of Balranald, married a daughter of Ranald Ban ALLANSON, 12th of Clanranald, and had issue two sons - Donald Mantach, and Gorrie (the latter speculated as being ancestor of our GORRIEs of Condocloich).
Graham GORRIE also speculated that Donald [Siol VI] had a younger brother named Gorrie of Vallay and Tirnadish, ancestor of Alexander of Vallay, who had three sons, including Donald Odhar of Vallay (succeeded to it in 1614, and moved to Benbecula in 1622), Alexander, and John Dow McGORRIE, the two younger brothers both being outlawed in 1634 over the Barque Susannah Affair.

Either way, by the early to mid 1640s, it appears that descendants were settled in the north western reaches of Perthshire, an inland county with no boundaries touching the west coast of Scotland.
The significance of which may not be immediately apparent, except for further family lore which suggests that our GORRIE ancestors may have been "transplanted" into Perthshire because of their alleged involvement in and proclivity for a particular form of "piracy" - whereby "stalwart" citizens in the outer isles would light cairn-fires in stormy weather, so enticing passing ships in distress to seek haven on rocky shores, thereby strewing flotsam wreckage of cargoes along the shoreline for easy pickings.
It is indeed possible that the Barque Susannah Affair mentioned above does appear to have the faint whiff of this form of "piracy" attached it.

Although other researchers again suggest the GORRIE "migration" may have been by a different route, through Lochaber in Kepoch, where in 1497-98, the Clan elders deposed their then chief John MACDONNELL, allegedly for delivering up one of their number to an opposing clan chief.
John was a son of Donald, the 3rd chief; and a grandson of Angus, the 2nd chief, who had succeeded his father Alastair Carach, the first Chief of Keppoch, who was the eldest son of John, Lord of the Isles, by his 2nd and "Royal" wife Margaret STEWART (see above).
Whereupon, so the story goes, Gorrie, a descendant of Gorrie, Lord of Garmoran & North Uist, and a younger brother of Donald [Silo IV], was brought from Uist by some of the Keppoch tribe to oppose Donald McGlas McALLISTER, a cousin & heir-apparent (probably as Tanist) to the deposed chief. The arrival in Keppoch of Gorrie of Uist did not prevent Donald Glas from being elevated; but Gorrie remained, leaving a son at Vallay, and died in Keppoch in 1548, where his descendants were among the "...most attached vassals" of later MacDONALD Chiefs of Keppoch.
That was until 1663, when it appears that Siol Dughaill descendants of Gorrie allegedly murdered Alexander and Ranald McDONNELL, recently returned from Rome, on the occasion of Alexander's formal swearing in as Chief of the Clan, which resulted in the perpetrators, father and six sons, being be-headed. I regret that I am unable to source this somewhat macabre story immediately, and will have to trawl back through one of several hundred note-books to find same (and also wonder whether McDONNELL and McDONALD were variations of the same name).

And there is a further line of thought in Scottish naming traditions that GORRIE may be a corruption of the place-name of Gowrie, as in the Carse of Gowrie, suggesting that the North Uist origins may be a slight case of romantic "fiction." The Carse of Gowrie is that rich alluvial tract of land east of Perth, lying between the Tay estuary (to the south) and the Sidlaw Hills (to the north), heading in the direction of Dundee.

THE GORRIES OF CONDOCLOICH.

The first mention I have yet found of the GORRIE surname in the north-west of Perthshire appears in an alienation, dated at Perth on 30 Jun 1604, which confirmed to Chistane RONALDSON, the relict of Patrick STOBBIE at the Mill of Dalchavinoch, a life-rent of 50 merks out of lands in Arthalzie, evidently owned by George OLIPHANT; Cristine's sasine was dated at Perth on 31 Jan 1605, naming three beneficiaries of her 50 merks life-rent as:
1.  Patrick STOBBIE Junior (20 merks).
2.  Christane, lawful daughter of the late Thomas GORRIE in Tulliemoran (20 merks).
3.  Donald GORRIE, son of the said late Thomas GORRIE (10 merks).
I am not entirely sure what relationship existed between Christane RONALDSON and Christane GORRIE, if any, but it would appear that Tulliemoran was located in that part of Logiealmond which lay within the parish of Monzie, and so not too far distant from Condocloich [see "Rentall of the County of Perth, by Act of the Estates of Parliament of Scotland, 4th August 1649," edited by William GLOAG, Perth, 1835, p.101, Tulliemoran being listed in the "Lot 1st of Logielamond" under the proprietorship of "Grandtully" for the 1835 valuation].

In 1637, William GORRIE, son of Donald GORRIE in Logiealmond, was named in the Registry of the Privy Council. Date-wise, it is not impossible that this Donald was the son of Thomas GORRIE in Tulliemoran (see 3 above).
He was, as RMG observed,  probably the same William GORRIE who was charged, in the same year of 1637, with "hamesucken" - or forcibly imprisoning someone in their own home. William GORRIE, again probably the same, was further charged in 1642 with the wrongful imprisonment of John McARGO.
William was said to have been a tenant of the MURRAY family, who as the Earls of Tullibardine, were Lairds of extensive estates in "Logiealmond, with the Pendicles, Mylne and Mylne hauch" [GLOAG, Op. Cit., p.100, for the 1649 valuation], and which estates included the "ferm toun" of Condocloich.

The earliest mentions I have yet been able to uncover in Scottish Records of the name GORRIE directly associated with Condocloich (alias Culnacloich) appear in the Testamentary Records of the Commissariat of Dunblane, for the parish of Foulls (or Fowlis), as follows:
1.  Donald GORRIE in Culnacloich, 2 Apr 1668.
2.  Andrew GORRIE in Condocloich, 27 Oct 1670; died Jul 1670, survived by his widow Christane McMULLANE in Buchanty, & by his lawful sons Thomas & Donald.
3.  Donald Mantach GORRIE in Condocloich, 20 Apr 1676; died Dec 1674, survived by his widow Christian DOUGLAS and his children Janet, Margaret, Christian, Malcolm, Isobel & Katherine.
4. John GORRIE in Condocloich, 13 Jul 1684; died Oct 1683, survived by his un-named widow and lawful son & heir Thomas.
5.  Donald GORRIE in Condocloich and his spouse Margaret McCRISTANE, 30 Jul 1685; she died Sep 1684, husband and children surviving.
6. John GORRIE, 29 Aug 1728; spouse of Christian ALLAN.


[Condocloich, Logiealmond. Detail from the wider view photograph  posted above.]

There were several other entries in the Index to Testamentary records, but they were not associated with Condocloich:
1.  John GORRIE of Gorthie, parish of Foulls (17 Mar 1656).
2.  Donald GORRIE in Cromelland (16 Apr 1663 - with spouse Margaret ROBERTSON and lawful son Finlay, a minor).

Kirk Session Records for Fowlis (Wester) have not survived for dates prior to the year 1674 - GORRIE mentions in them are a follows:
1.  Margaret GORRIE was given a Testificate dated 4 Jul 1675 (permission to move to another parish).
2.  Thomas GORRIE, on 20 Apr 1679,  was alleged to have transgressed by drinking on the Sabbath during the time of Divine Service.
3.  In Dec 1679, three Sabbaths were again broken - by William GORRIE, Andrew SMITH & Margaret GORRIE (14 Dec); by William GORRIE & Andrew SMITH (21 Dec); and by Margaret GORRIE (28 Dec).
4.  In Nov 1687, Calum GORRIE was charged with breaking the Sabbath on 20 Dec, with Alexander DOW, by fishing during the Sermon; they were summoned by the Beadle to attend the Session on 27 Nov & denied the charge; further charges relating to the alleged offence were made to Session on 11 Dec, & the Beadle was ordered to bring Thomas GORRIE & John his son to next Session as witnesses. The issue was still not resolved in Apr 1688, when Calum GORRIE, when further interrogated about who else was "..y't now fishing ye Sabbath," he componed that "...he saw Gorry McGORRY, Donald McCOWAN & Umphra GORRY in Culnacloich likewise."
There was nothing I saw in the Session records (G.R.O., Edinburgh, 1982) to indicate whether Thomas & John GORRIE were called to give evidence for or against Callum; DOW did not appear after the first Session meeting and the others named by Calum did not appear to have been similarly charged. I cannot help wondering whether this might have been evidence of a family feud, or were they simply wayward flock being dragged reluctantly into ecclesiastical line. The slowness of the process seems to suggest a very casual attitude by the GORRIE's towards the authority of the Kirk Session. Perhaps there was a settling in period after the formation of the modern Church of Scotland as part of the 1680 Revolution Settlement, and the GORRIE's were party to testing that settling in process? Especially when the salmon were running!

Likewise, Parish Registers for Fowlis Wester have not survived before the same date.


[Part of John STOBIE's 1783 map of Perthshire.
Image courtesy of the douglasofmonzieandfowliswester.com web-site.]

THE MINOR DISAPORA OF CONDOCLOICH GORRIES.

I suspect that all of the GORRIE families associated with Condocloich were blood related.
I further suspect that most of the other GORRIE families originating in the fairly small area of Perthshire comprising the parishes of Fowlis Wester & adjacent Monzie, and their neighbouring parishes of Crieff, Trinity Gask, Methven, Moneydie, etc, are likely to have also had some sort of kinship.

Apart from my own direct descent from Condocloich (see further below), there were other GORRIE families with origins in Condocloich, but whose direct relationship is not yet understood, and these are summarised as follows.

1.  John GORRIE in Culnacloich had a daughter Christian baptised on 27 Oct 1684.

2. David GORRIE in Condocloich married at Fowlis Wester, after proclamations on 16, 20 & 22 Aug 1680, to Jane McCARA; they had issue:
a.  Margaret GORRIE, baptised at Foelis Wester, 17 Aug 1685.
b.  Helen GORRIE, bapt ditto 7 Apr 1688.
c.   Catharin GORRIE, bapt ditto 20 Nov 1698.

3.  Gorrie MacGORRIE in Condocloich was married at Fowlis Wester on 5 Jun 1687 to Anna MURRAY, with issue:
a.  Helen (baptised on 3 Nov 1688).

4.  Calum GORRIE in Condocloich, inevitably the errant Sabbath fisherman, had a son John (baptised on 1 Jun 1693) and a son Donald (baptised on 2 Mar 1695).

5.  John GORRIE of Condocloich had twin daughters Margaret & Anna baptised on 2 Sep 1693.

6.  Donald GORRIE in Condocloich married at Fowlis Wester on 29 Dec 1700 to Margaret GARDNER, with issue:
a.  Helen GORRIE, baptised at Fowlis Wester on 4 Mar 1705.

7. Donald GORRIE in Condocloich had other issue, but the name of his spouse is not recorded in the register entries for their baptism, so whether he was the above (6), or the next (8), or another altogether (unlikely without another marriage), cannot yet be established with any confidence:
a.  William GORRIE, baptised at Fowlis Wester on 30 Aug 1702.
b.  Katherine GORRIE, bapt ditto 17 Aug 1707.
c.  Thomas GORRIE, bapt ditto 12 Aug 1708.
d.  Thomas GORRIE, bapt ditto 12 Jun 1709.
e.  John GORRIE, bapt ditto Oct 1714.

8. Donald GORRIE in Condocloich was married at Fowlis wester on 3 Feb 1702 to Janet McKAY, with issue:
a.  Daniel Dow GORRIE, baptised at Fowlis wester on 24 Dec 1704.
b. William GORRIE, bapt ditto 20 Jun 1707.
c.  Catharine GORRIE, bapt ditto Feb 1713.
d.  Patrick GORRIE, bapt ditto Jun 1715.
e. Alexander GORRIE, bapt ditto Aug 1717.

9. William GORRIE in Condocloich & his wife Christian had un-named twins baptised in Mar 1711, and a daughter Janet likewise in Jun 1713.

. . . [There is a significant time break here, which remains unexplained] . . .

12. William GORRIE in Condocloich was married at Fowlis Wester on 27 Nov 1772 to Ann MENZIES, with issue:
a.  Helen GORRIE, bapt at Fowlis Wester on 11 Jul 1774.
b.  William GORRIE, bapt ditto 4 May 1777.
c.  Archibald GORRIE, bapt ditto 15 May 1778.
d.  Peter GORRIE, bapt ditto 13 Aug 1789.

13. William GORRIE married at Fowlis Wester (perhaps the above with a 2nd marriage?) on 22 Jul 1793 to Isabel McISAAC, with issue:
a.  Daniel GORRIE, baptised at Fowlis Wester on 24 Apr 1797; Minister of the relief Church, Kingskettle, Fifeshre, for 30 years; died at Kingskettle on 31 Mar 1852; he was married at kingskettle on 16 May 1822 to Jane MOFFAT of Edinburgh St Cuthbert; she died at Edinburgh on 17 Dec 1865; they had issue:
          i.  Agnes GORRIE, born at Kingskettle, 9 Aug 1823; died in Edinburgh on 7 Aug 1888; married William BARCLAY, Solicitor in Edinburgh, with issue.
          ii. Isabel GORRIE, born at Kingskettle on 31 May 1825; died at Edinburgh on 17 Sep 1903, unmarried.
          iii. William GORRIE, born kingskettle on 10 May 1827; emigrated to Canada; died Aug 1890; married in Edinburgh, Jun 1854, Margaret Neill HALL of Berwick-upon-Tweed, with issue.
          iv. John Moffat GORRIE, born at Kingskettle on 30 Mar 1829; M.A. (Edin); Scottish Bar, 1856; an Advocate Deputy for Scotland, 1860; Substitute Procureur & Advocate-General for Mauritius, 1869; Chief Justice of Fiji & Chief Judicial Commissioner for the Western Pacific, 1876; Chief Justice for the Leeward Islands, 1882, & for Trinidad, 1885; sought to enter Parliament for the Liberals in the constituency of St Andrews Burghs, 1892, but withdrew his candidacy under pressure; interdicted by the Governor of Trinidad, but died at Exeter on 4 Aug 1892 on his way home to Scotland, & before being able to defend himself before the Colonial Office Commissioners; he was married at Edinburgh on 6 Dec 1855 to Marion GRAHAM; she died at sea on 19 Jun 1884, on the H.M.S. Nile, 4 days out of St Thomas, & was buried at sea; they had issue 3 daughters & a son.
          v. Daniel GORRIE, born at Kingskettle on 17 Jul 1831; Editor of the Orkney Herald, 1860s; Writer, Cassell's Publishers, London; died at London, 16 Sep 1893; married at Edinburgh, 26 Aug 1861, Ann MUNRO; she died in London in 1915; issue 5 sons and 5 daughters, including an eldest son Daniel Stewart GORRIE, who was hanged for murder in London in Jun 1890.
          vi. Jean Moffat GOORIE, born Kingskettle on 27 Sep 1834; she died at Edinburgh on 30 Jul 1837, a child.
b. William GORRIE, baptised at Fowlis wester on 15 May 1802; Free Church Minister; emigrated to South Africa; died at Cape Town in Sep 1874; he married Mary HALL; she probably died in Cape Town in Mar 1893, without issue.
c.  Janet GORRIE, bapt ditto 5 May 1805; probably married in Jun 1825 to Robert McLAUGHLAN.


[The Fowlis Wester parish church. Image courtesy of the scotlandschurchestrust.org.uk web-site.]

HUMPHREY GORRIE OF CONDOCLOICH.

I expect that Humphrey GORRIE was born around 1665, or perhaps earlier. He was identified as being of Condocloich in 1687, when he was named in a deposition made before the Fowlis Wester Kirk Session as having been fishing during the time of the Sermon (although I am not sure whether or not this mention indicates that he was already of age); and he was residing at Condocloich when his children were born between 1698 and 1712. Details of his death and burial have not yet been found.

Humphrey was married at Fowlis Wester on 23 Nov 1694 to Margaret McCARA. Her parentage has not yet been determined, and likewise, details of her death & burial have not yet been fund.

Humphrey & Margaret had issue:
1.  John GORRIE, born at Condocloich and baptised at Fowlis Wester on 27 Mar 1698; evidently died young.
2.  Margaret GORRIE, born at Condocloich and baptised at Fowlis Wester on 17 Sep 1699.
3.  David GORRIE, baptised at Fowlis Wester on 25 Jul 1703.
4.  John GORRIE, baptised at Fowlis Wester on 6 Apr 1707. He was of an appropriate age to have married in Fowlis Wester in 1730. See next.

JOHN GORRIE OF CONDOCLOICH.

John GORRIE was residing at Condocloich when his children were born between 1734 and 1743; details of his death and burial have not yet been found.
Although he was of an appropriate age to have been the the 1707 baptism, one might have expected him to honour his father in the Scottish naming tradition - but we find no Humphrey among his issue, and perhaps that is because he was another, although there were no other appropriate baptisms in Fowlis Wester.

John was married at Fowlis Wester on 13 Mar 1730 to Christian ALLAN, a daughter of Donald ALLAN of Milntown of Logie, by his wife Christian COCK (who were probably married at Comrie in Nov 1702). It should be noted here that there was another John GORRIE (died 1728, aged 31) who was also married to another Christian ALLAN in 1720 - so as to avoid any confusion.

John & Christian had issue, including:
1.  Thomas GORRIE, born at Condocloich and baptised at Fowlis Wester on 26 Feb 1734, who does appear to have been my earliest "confirmed" ancestral baptism to have been recorded at Fowlis Wester. See next below.
2. Christian GORRIE, born at Condocloich and baptised at Fowlis Wester on 22 Feb 1736; married at Monzie on 3 Dec 1762 to John McLEISH of Monzie.
3.  William GORRIE,  born at Condocloich and baptised at Fowlis Wester on 8 Apr 1739; probably married at Fowlis wester on 5 Jul 1765 to Elizabeth (Betty) PATON, with issue.
4. John GORRIE, born at Condocloich and baptised at Fowlis Wester on 10 May 1741; of Condocloich, 1770 to 1785; Testament confirmed in Oct 1802; probably married at Methven, on 10 Jan 1766, to Janet WATT, with issue.
5.  Andrew GORRIE, born at Condocloich and baptised at Fowlis Wester on 24 Apr 1743.

THOMAS GORRIE OF CONDOCLOICH, AN ELDER.

Thomas GORRIE was recorded in successive entries in the Fowlis Wester baptismal register as being of Condocloich in 1763, 1765 & 1777; at Nether Condocloich in 1767, and an Elder, of Condocloich in 1772 & 1779. Details of his death & burial have not yet been found.

Thomas GORRIE of Fowlis Wester was married to Janet STEWART of Monzie, after proclamations were made at Fowlis Wester on 8 Nov 1762 and at Monzie on 9 Nov 1762.
Janet was born at Dallick and baptized at Monzie on 4 Jul 1742, a daughter of John STUART (this spelling recorded in the baptismal register) and Janet CAMPBELL (they were married at Monzie on 2 Mar 1739, & had other issue - Margaret STUART born at Dallick and baptised 25 Nov 1750; Catherine STUART, born at Dallick and baptised 15 Jun 1755; & John STEWART, baptised at Fowlis Wester on 21 Oct 1759).
The Edinburgh Sasine Registers record a Sasine dated 11 Oct 1798, in which Rev John STEWART, Minister of Falkirk (Associate Synod, or Antiburgher; he died at Falkirk on 7 Sep 1797, aged 39, after partaking in a mission for his Synod to the Orkneys), was seized of an acre of land on the north side of Falkirk, in the parish of Falkirk, which he had purchased on 17 Mar 1791 from James INGLIS of Glasgow, Hatmaker, and in which John named his heirs as his cousins:
1.  Janet STEWART, wife of Thomas GORRIE, Tenant in Condocloich.
2.  Margaret STEWART, wife of William MURRAY, Tenant in Dallick.
3. Catherine STEWART, wife of James MILLER, Tenant in Nether Kipney.
It would appear that their brother John may not have survived, or had already done well enough for himself.

Thomas and Janet had issue:
1.  John GORRIE, born at Condocloich and baptised at Fowlis Wester on 24 Oct 1763; a Farmer; residing with his daughter Margaret in 1861, a Widower; he may have married, on 5 Dec 1782, to Catherine GORDON, with issue:
     a. John GORRIE, born Jul 1785; died Feb 1872; possibly married in 1809, to Catherine McGREGOR, with issue.
John was probably instead married in Jul 1790, to Christian HALLEY, with issue:
     b. John GORRIE, born ca 1797; of Condocloich, Gilmerton & Glasgow; died 1873; married at Crieff, 1819, Margaret SMITH, with issue.
     c. Margaret GORRIE, born 1799; died 1874; married at Madderty, 1828, Archibald CARMICHAEL, with issue.
     d. Helen GORRIE, born ca 1802; married James MUSHET & went to Paisley.
2.  William GORRIE, born at Condocloich and baptised at Fowlis Wester, 28 Apr 1765.
3.  Andrew GORRIE, born at Nether Condocloich and baptised at Fowlis Wester, 30 May 1767.
4.  James GORRIE, baptised at Fowlis Wester on 2 Apr 1769.
5.  Thomas GORRIE, born at Condocloich and baptised at Fowlis Wester on 11 Mar 1772. Possibly married at Fowlis Wester in 1794, Janet McLEISH, with issue.
6.  Daniel GORRIE, baptised at Fowlis Wester on 1 Dec 1774. See next below.
7.  Catherine GORRIE, born at Condocloich and baptised at Fowlis Wester on 13 Jul 1777.
8.  A son, born at Condocloich and baptised at Fowlis Wester on 18 Oct 1779. Possibly Peter GORRIE.
9. Janet GORRIE, born ca 1782; died at Monzie on 28 Aug 1856, aged 74 (parents named in Statutory Registration); married at Methven on 18 Jul 1802 to Thomas HALLEY, with issue (a daughter Margaret who registered her mother's death).

DANIEL GORRIE, SLATE QUARRIER IN LOGIEALMOND.

Daniel GORRIE was a Slate Quarrier, and as he acquired a family, he moved around residences in the near vicinity of Condocloich - in Wester Lethendy, then in Easter Greenfield, after in Milrodgie, and eventually in Dalick House, which still stands, in all its stark whiteness, on the northern banks of the River Almond, at the foot of the Sma Glen.


[View of Dallick House. The cleft in the hills behind the left quarter of the house is the Sma Geln.
Digital image of a print of a photo taken by the author in 1993.]

Daniel's parentage had not been satisfactorily established when his great-grandson, Robert Maclagan GORRIE (RMG), applied to the Lord Lyon in Edinburgh for a grant of Arms in the 1960s, although his association with Condocloich seems likely. Evidence suggests that RMG saw the 1841 Census of Scotland, identifying his great-grandfather as the Daniel GORRIE living at Dallick House, Logiealmond, Perthshire, a Slate Quarrier, aged 60+, with his two unmarried daughters Janet (11 - probably in error for 15+) and Catherine (14). It appears that RMG interpreted from this entry that Daniel was born about 1781, and with some family folk lore of a kinship with the Kingskettle GORRIEs, speculated that he may have been born on 3 Jun 1781, the son of Daniel or Donald GORRIE (another Condocloich GORRIE) by his wife Grizel MENZIES (they had other issue born at Condocloich, including Catherine ca 1774, Peter in 1788, Margaret in 1789, & Alex in 1793).
But it is also evident that RMG did not see the 1851 Census returns (which may not then been publicly released), in which arguably the same Daniel GORRIE was still residing at Dallick, aged 76, a Dyke Builder, born Fowlis Wester, once again with the same two unmarried daughters Jeanet (28) and Catherine (24), and being honoured with a visit by his eldest son Thomas, up from Perth.
This more precise date, taken together with notions of the Scottish naming tradition, suggest a much more likely baptism for Daniel at Fowlis Wester on 1 Dec 1774, as the son of Thomas GORRIE and Janet STEWART (see above). RMG had actually received advice to this effect from Mrs P.M. EAVES-WALTON, a genealogist he had engaged to research the family history, but evidently did not think it added anything to his Armorial claims (which probably did not need to proceed any further back in time to procure the grant anyway).
Further, it appears that the Daniel GORRIE who was born in 1781 may have been the Shoemaker in Methven who married Catherine MALLOCH in 1804 and had issue, including a daughter Grizel GORRIE born 1805, whose naming suggests she probably had a grandmother named Grizel.

Daniel appears to have signed the 18 Jan 1843 Declaration of Adherence to the Monzie Free Church (which initially met in premises at Gilmerton) as Donald GORRIE, Labourer at Dallick, together with his children Janet, Peter & Cathren (among a total membership of 450).
His entry in the Communicants Roll of the Logie Free Church, 1843, recorded him likewise as Donald GORRIE, a Labourer at Dallick, which entry was endorsed with the date of his death - 9 Dec 1853 (I presume that the Monzie Free Church Logie and the Monzie Free Church were probably one and the same). Details of his burial have not been found, but it is possible that he was buried in or near the plot in Monzie parish churchyard (Established Church of Scotland Synod), north of Gilmerton, where his son Peter's McLAREN in-law's gravestone still stands.


[Monzie Parish Church, north of Gilmerton. Image courtesy of the geography.org.uk web-site.]


Daniel was married at Monzie parish church on 30 Jan 1813, to Janet MURRAY of Monzie, after proclamations on two preceding Sabbaths.
Janet MURRAY was baptized at Monzie on 12 Feb 1786, the daughter of William MURRAY (baptised at Monzie on 12 Nov 1749) of Dallick, by his wife Margaret STEWART, a sister of Janet STEWART the wife of Thomas GORRIE, and thereby Daniel GORRIE's first cousin (although some evidence of this might have been expected in some form of a special dispensation for the marriage to proceed, which is not in evidence);Janet was thereby a grand-daughter of John MURRAY of Wester Fendoch and his wife Janet MURRAY (they were married at Monzie on 19 Aug 1746).
Details of  Janet's death & burial have not yet been discovered.


Daniel & Janet had issue:
1.  Thomas GORRIE, born at Wester Lethendy, and baptised at Fowlis Wester on 8 Jun 1814; Smith & Wireworker in Perth, working and/or residing at South Street (1843-44), Castle Gable (1845-51), Watergate (1852-69), Union Lane (1872), North Methven Street (1881-88) & King Street (1891); he died at 48 King Street, Perth, on 28 Nov 1892; he was married at Fowlis Wester on 12 Aug 1842 to Janet ROY of Crieff; she died at Perth on 17 Jul 1890; with issue:
     a. Mary GORRIE, born 1843; died 1909; the wife of George MAXWELL, Commercial Clerk & Newspaper Librarian of Dundee.
     b. Janet GORRIE, born 1846; died 1920; the wife of John SAUNDERS, Master Tinsmith of Perth; they were both buried at Abernethy.
     c. Catharine GORRIE, born 1847; died 1848.
     d. Daniel GORRIE, born 1849; died 1932; Solicitor & Town Clerk of Dunfermline, who married Ellen Elizabeth CONNAGHER, with issue.
     e. Jane GORRIE, born 1852; the wife of Andrew MACOWAN, Draper in Perth.
1.  Margaret GORRIE, born as Wester Lehanty (or Lethendy), and baptised on 30 Mar 1817.
3  William GORRIE, born at Easter Greenfield, and baptised on 18 Feb 1819; a House Carpenter in Aberdeen (1846-1851) and a Ship's Joiner in Rotherhithe, London (by 1854); he died at 2 Lavender Lane, Rotherhithe, on 11 Dec 1879; William married 1stly, at St Nicholas, Aberdeen, on 26 Feb 1847, to Sarah Ann MILNE; she died at Rotherhithe in 1854 (Sep quarter); they had issue:
     a. William GORRIE, born Aberdeen, 1848; died 1912; a Shipwright in Rotherhithe, who married Rebecca ORAM, with issue.
     b. Sarah Ann L. GORRIE, born Aberdeen, 1850; married Henry Richard CHAPLIN in Rotherhithe in 1874.
William Senior was married 2ndly, at Rotherhithe in 1862 (December quarter) to Mary ROBERTSON, a widow with children by her previous marriage; she died at Rotherhithe in 1868 (December quarter).
William Senior was married 3rdly, also at Rotherhithe in 1875 (March quarter) to Harriett GARTRELE, also a widow; she died at Fulham in 1891 (March quarter).
4.  Janet GORRIE, born at Milrodgie, and baptised on 29 Jul 1821 (although her father appears to have been mis-identified in the register as James GORRIE, her mother was correctly named as Janet MURRAY); with her widowed father in 1841 and 1851 Censuses; signed the 1843 Declaration of Adherence to the Monzie Free Church; went to London, where she was married, at St Thomas's, Stepney, on 6 Nov 1658, to James Walter COCKER, with issue; she was residing with her brother William GORRIE at Rotherhithe in 1861, with her husband and their infant daughter Jessie Ann COCKER.
5.  Peter GORRIE, born at Dallick on 5 Sep 1823 (although details of his baptism have not yet been discovered). See next below.
6.  Catherine GORRIE, born at Dallick, 13 Aug 1826; with her widowed father, 1841 & 1851; signed the 1843 declaration of Adherence to the Monzie Free Church; on the Logie Free Church Communicant's Roll, 1843; said to have later been a housekeeper to a Dundee Doctor.


[Detail of Dallick House. Digital image of a print of a photo taken by the author in 1993.]

PETER GORRIE, ENGINE FITTER IN PERTH.

Peter GORRIE was enumerated in the 1841 census as an Agricultural Labourer at an "Out-House" in North Kinkell, parish of Trinity Gask, aged 20+, and residing with two other Agr. Labr's (including Duncan STEWART, aged 25+, who may have been a relation).
Peter signed the Jan 1843 Declaration of Adherence to the Monzie Free Church; and was on the Communicant's Roll of Logie Free Church in May 1843. He  subsequently moved to Perth, where he was a wire-worker, and later an engine fitter with the Railways, with a home in Glover Street, near the Perth General Railway Station.
He was enumerated at Miss MOIR's Lodging House, 10 St John's Place, Middle Parish, Perth Burgh, in 1851, aged 27, Wire Worker, born Fowlis Wester.
He was directory listed as Wireworker, Newtown (of Perth), (1854-57), Engine Driver, New Town (1858-59), Engine Fitter at New Town (1860-69), at 18 New Town (1872), and at 18 Glover Street, new Town (1874).


[No 18 Glover Street, Perth. Photo taken by Jean Ayler of York, ca 2000.]

Peter purchased, in May 1864, from the Glover's Corporation of Perth, the north half of Lot 5 of a subdivision of St Leonard's lands near the General Railway Terminus; this was later known as 18 Glover Street (measuring 13 poles 18 yards imperial); he purchased in Apr 1868 the other half of the lot (measuring 12 poles), later known as 16 Glover Street, from his brother-in-law Duncan McLAREN.
Peter was already living at Glover Street in the 1861 Census, aged 37, Engine Fitter, with his wife and family; he was there in 1871, with his 2nd wife, & two sons by his first; his widow Mary was still there in 1881 and 1891.
Peter died at 18 Glover Street, Perth, on 6 Dec 1874, aged 51; the death was informed by his son Daniel, who named his father's parents as Daniel GORRIE, Labourer, and Janet MURRAY, both deceased.

Peter was at St John's Place, Perth, when he was married firstly, at South Kinkell, on 16 Jun 1853 to Margaret McLAREN of Kinkell, parish of Trinity Gask, a daughter of Alexander McLAREN (formerly of Killin, Perthshire), a farm servant; the marriage was performed by Rev Thomas GUNN, Minister of the Free Church at Madderty, and was recorded in the Perth Parish register.
Margaret GORRIE died at 18 Glover Street on 17 May 1867, aged 39; her details are recorded on the McLAREN stone in Monzie Churchyard, suggesting that she may have been buried there.


[The McLaren stone in Monzie Churchyard, photographed in 1993.]

Peter was married 2ndly, at Glasgow, on 28 Oct 1870, to Mary NICOLL, of Springburn Parish, Glasgow. He had no further issue by Mary, who survived him, and died at 18 Glover Street on 24 Feb 1895, aged 69, her parents recorded as Andrew NICOLL, Crofter, & Betsy LOUTIT (Mary was baptised at Auchterarder on 11 Dec 1825, daughter of Andrew NICOL of Backbroin and Elizabeth LUTFOOT).

Peter & Margaret had issue:
1.  Daniel GORRIE, born at South Kinkell , parish of Trinity Gask, at 7.00 am on 23 Aug 1855; he was with his parents in 1861. See next below.
2.  Alexander GORRIE, born at Perth on 23 Feb 1858; with his parents, 1861; with his father & step-mother, 1871; Civil Service Post Office Sorter, with his step-mother, 1881; P.O. Clerk, 20 County Place, Perth (1889-91), and at 19 Queen Street (1891-1900); he died at 12 Viewlands Terrace, Perth, on 19 Apr 1912, aged 54; he was married at 39 Causewayside, Edinburgh, on 15 Dec 1887, to Barbara Jane McIVOR, a Domestic servant from Thurso (daughter of James McIVOR, Crofter, and Mary MACKAY); she died at Perth on 8 Jan 1921; with issue 5 daughters Mary Nicoll (1888-1967), Margaret McLaren (1889-1965), Barbara Jane (1891-1957), Catharine (1893-1970), Jessie McIvor (born 1897), & a son Peter (born 1901), all of whom died unmarried.
3.  Janet GORRIE, born at 5 Glover Street, Perth, on 10 Apr 1860; she was with her parents in 1861; she died at Glover Street on 29 Aug 1864, of chronic bronchitis, and was buried in the McLAREN plot at Monzie Churchyard.
4. Duncan GORRIE, born at Glover Street, Perth, on 4 Jun 1863; he died there on 30 Nov 1864, of hydrocephalus, & was buried in the McLAREN plot at Monzie Churchyard.

DANIEL GORRIE, PHARMACIST.

Daniel GORRIE was living with his parents at Glover Street in the 1861 Census; he was apprenticed to Alexander GLASS, a Pharmaceutical Chemist, of Bon Accord Villa, East Church parish of the Burgh of Perth; Daniel was living with his father and step-mother in 1871, aged 15, an Apprentice Druggist; he was a Chemist's Assistant in Perth, Mar 1876, when he was declared the Heir-General to his father Peter GORRIE, Engine Fitter, and Heir-Special to several houses in Glover Street, Newtown of Perth (both of which he disposed of, after his step-mother Mary's death in 1895, to his brother Alexander); he was residing with his step-mother in 1881, together with his wife Janet, and he was now a Pharmaceutical Chemist.
After he completed his apprenticeship, he gained employment with T. & H. SMITH and Coy of Duke Street, Edinburgh, having gone up from Perth before Nov 1876, when he was residing at 20 Dublin Street; he moved to lodgings at 3 Barony Street in May 1877; he proceeded to Membership of the Pharmaceutical Society of G.B., passing their Major Examination in Oct 1877, and still employed at SMITH and Coy.
Daniel GORRIE, M.P.S., opened his own business at 31 Minto Street, Newington, in 1878, and resided at 13 West Mayfield (1878-80), at 12 East Mayfield (1880-81), at 12 Rosehall Terrace, 117 Dalkieth Road,(1881-91), and finally at 2 Cameron Terrace (from 1891).
Daniel published scientific papers in the Pharmaceutical Journal, including one on "Acetic & Allied Acids" (18 Dec 1880), another on "Preparation of Syrupus Ferri Phosphatus by a new method" (23 Dec 1882), and a third on "Liquor Bismuthi et Amonii Citratis" (28 Feb 1891).

Daniel died at 2 Cameron Terrace on 9 Apr 1898, aged 42, of syncope from heart failure.
An obituary notice was published in The Chemist and Druggist, 16 Apr 1898, at page 641:
"GORRIE. — Mr Daniel GORRIE, pharmaceutical chemist, Edinburgh, died very suddenly at his residence, 2 Cameron Terrace, on Saturday morning last, April 9. He complained of slight indisposition on Friday night on returning home from business, and went to bed. On Saturday morning, as he did not get up at the usual time, his little girl went to call him and found him dead. Medical assistance was obtained, but the doctor said he had been dead for four hours, probably from syncope.
"Mr GORRIE was a native of Perth, and served his apprenticeship with Mr GLASS there.
He entered the employment of Messrs T. & H. SMITH, Edinburgh, about 1876, and on passing the Major examination he acquired the business, in 1878, at 31 Minto Street, Edinburgh, which he has carried on since. He was a thoroughly practical pharmacist, and occasionally read papers
at the evening meetings of the North British branch of the Pharmaceutical Society.

"Mr GORRIE was only 42 years of age, and leaves a widow and five young children."
His little girl was probably Beth, then aged 6.

His will, dated 17 Mar 1894, named his wife Janet as executrix; probate was granted on 11 May 1898, with Confirmation on 12 May, at Edinburgh, his estate valued at £2,360 1s 6d. Family lore records that Daniel's pharmaceutical business was or became a partnership, but with whom I do not know; however, it has been said that the partner "purchased" Daniel's share of the venture after his death, for a consideration the GORRIE's believed was undervalued; although it is possible that some of that value may have gone the way of Daniel's elder son Peter, who probably received is Pharmaceutical qualifications while working for the partner during his University years.


[The GORRIE Celtic Cross marking Daniel's grave in Newington Cemetery, Edinburgh, photographed in 1993.]

Daniel was married in Edinburgh on 28 Sep 1880, to Janet Bissett MACLAGAN, Telegraph Operator, of Perth, the marriage performed by Rev James GIBSON, Free West Church. She was the eldest daughter of Robert MACLAGAN, of Perth, Superintendent of the Perth General Station, and his wife Isabella CRICHTON.
Janet survived Daniel by 40 years, residing at 3 Cameron Park (1900-31) and at 7 Priestfield Road (from 1931), both in the Newington district of Edinburgh; she died in a Nursing Home in Edinburgh, on 30 Nov 1939, aged 85, of carcinoma of the tongue (under radium treatment), late of 7 Priestfield Road.

Daniel & Janet had issue:
1.  Peter GORRIE was born at 12 Rosehall Terrace on 1 Aug 1881. He attended George Watson's School, then Edinburgh University, & eventually graduated as M.D. (1910), before emigrating to South Australia.
His story is recorded elsewhere on this blog-site, in an earlier posting dated Apr 2009, at this link:
http://pigott-gorrie.blogspot.com.au/2009/04/in-memoriam-3-feb-1942-peter-gorrie-md.html
2.  Isabella Crichton GORRIE, born at 12 Rosehall Terrace on 22 Jan 1883.
3.  Mary Nicoll GORRIE, born at 12 Rosehall Terrace, 12 Apr 1886.
4.  Elizabeth Maclagan GORRIE, born at 2 Cameron Terrace on 7 Oct 1891.
5.  Robert Maclagan GORRIE, born at 2 Cameron Terrace on 26 Jun 1897; a bursaried scholar at George Watson's School, Edinburgh, Oct 1904-Jul 1912; started an apprenticeship on 7 Oct 1912, possibly in dentistry; enlisted in a Scottish Horse Regiment, 2 Oct 1914, & recorded in his diary as being stationed at Swanage; commissioned 2nd Lieutenant, Territorial Force, 10 Jul 1915; transferred to the Royal Field Artillery, 24 Feb 1917; embarked on 1 May 1917 for Le Havre and service on the Western Front; at Arras, Passchendale & Cambrai, 1917, the German Offensive of Mar & Apr 1918, and the Final advance, Albet to Mauberge; mentioned in despatches, 1918. After the War, Bob studied Forestry at Edinburgh University (Rowing Blue), B.Sc. Jul 1922; served with the Indian Forestry Service, in the Punjab & elsewhere in India (and Ceylon), and was a Lecturer at the Forest College at Dehra Dun (1933), retiring to Balnagowan, Murrayfield Drive, Edinburgh, having achieved the status of Commissioner of the Indian Forestry Service. He died there on 20 Dec 1970.
Robert was married at Lahore Cathedral, India, on 6 Dec 1923, to Sydney Grace EASTERBROOK, a daughter of Arthur Blake EASTERBROOK, Baillie of Edinburgh, and Grace Monteath CAMERON; she died in Dec 1976, having had issue a daughter Sheila Mary (a former Liberal Councillor in Durham & wife of the late Norman MACLEOD of Suardal), and sons Duncan (late of Edinburgh, Accountant) & Donald (late Liberal-Democrat Member of the Westminster Parliament for the Scottish Constituency of West Corstorphine, & an inaugural Member of the devolution Scottish Parliament at Holyrood).

The three daughters, Belle, Mary & Beth, were all active supporters of the "Votes for Women" campaigns of the Women's Social & Political Union. See their separate posting on this blogsite, at this link:
http://pigott-gorrie.blogspot.com.au/2013/10/the-gorrie-sisters-scottish-suffragists.html

Thursday, March 5, 2015

Frances BARROW of Potterspury, Northamptonshire. Was she the wife of John COOKE the Regicide?


John COOKE (1608-1660), the Gray's Inn Barrister turned Solicitor-General for the Commonwealth who prosecuted the case against King Charles the First, became a Justice in Ireland under CROMWELL, and was subsequently hanged, drawn and quartered as a Regicide - the full identity of his wife Frances remains, as yet, an unsolved mystery.

Several sources have stated that she was Frances CUTLER when she was married to a John COOKE in London in 1646 [see Wilfrid PREST's on-line biography of COOK for the Oxford D.N.B.; perhaps used as source by Geoffrey ROBERTSON in his "The Tyrannicide Brief", Vintage, London, 2006].

Detailed research over the last decade has revealed a perhaps more likely origin - among the family of BARROW living in & around Potterspury, Northamptonshire.


[Part of a 1727 "Bird's Eye View" Map of Potterspury, held in Northamptonshire Records Office. 
The dwelling highlighted in orange had been the BARROW family residence.
North points roughly towards the left of the picture.
The road running on an angle across the bottom of the image is the old Roman road known as Watling Street.]

But conclusive proof of this potential BARROW connection remains elusive.

The following is my summary of a considerable amount of circumstantial evidence for it, much of which has been sourced from documents purchased from The National Archives in Kew (TNA) and from paid and private research conducted by the Northamptonshire Record Office (NRO). Further evidence comes from Vere Langford OLIVER's monumental "History of the Island of Antigua," published in 3 Volumes in 1894-1895.

By established convention, I have recorded pre-1752 (Julian Calendar) dates, for events occurring between 1 Jan & 24 Mar, with both Civil and Ecclesiastical year numbers - as an illustration of this convention, a year given as 1661-62 is for an event occurring between, but not including, 31 Dec 1661 and 25 Mar 1662.
Where vital date information is sourced to a Parish Register, the details will be found in the usual on-line web-sites such as ancestry.library, findmypast.com and familysearch.org, except as otherwise noted.

A CHRONOLOGY OF DOCUMENTED EVIDENCE RELATING TO THE POSSIBLE IDENTITY OF JOHN COOKE'S WIFE FRANCES, 1620 - 1693.

[With my SPECULATIVE suggestions and deductions in red.]

1 Nov 1618 - Elizabeth BARROW was baptised at Lillingston Lovell, Bucks, daughter of Edward & Elizabeth BARROW.
Lillingston Lovell parish register.
[There is no specific evidence yet available, other than what appears speculatively below, to indicate that Elizabeth survived into adulthood; but if she did, then she was of an appropriate age to have been the wife of Nicholas BACON of the City of London, and after him of Peter FARREN of Northampton, and finally of Robert MASSEY also of Northampton.
Her father was the son of John BARROW of Potterspury, Northamptonshire, by his 2nd wife Mary STANDISH; her mother was probably Elizabeth CHEYNE, a daughter of Thomas CHEYNE of Sundon, Bedfordshire, by his wife Frances BROCAS, and the widow of Samuel BRYAN (died Northampton, 1616), who married Edward BARROW at Luton parish church on 29 Mar 1617.]

4 Apr 1620 - Frances BARROW was baptised at Lillingston Lovell, 2nd daughter of ditto.
[Ditto. Possibly the wife of John COOKE the Gray's Inn Barrister, after him of William PROCTOR of Antigua, and finally of Acquilla STOUGHTON also of Antigua. See below.]

2 Mar 1626-27. Isaac COOKE was baptised at Leicester St Nicholas, the son of William COOKE & Ann STANFORD.
[This may have been the other or "cousin" Isaac COOKE mentioned in Rev John TWYCTON's 1657 will (see below).
William was probably the one named (as were his sons John & Abraham) in the 1655 will of his sister Anne FORRYAN (whom evidence indicates was also Isaac COOKE's sister, being the widow firstly of John LICHFIELD & then of Richard FORRYAN), and if so, an uncle of John COOKE, the Regicide.
If so, this Isaac the younger born 1626-27 was a nephew of Isaac Senior and a first cousin of John COOKE.
However, neither Isaac Senior nor Isaac Junior was named in the Ann FORRYAN will, which does present a bit of a difficulty.]

1634 - Mr Edward BARROES, deceased, had "...carried twoe loads of the like stone... from the honor howse of Grafton to Stoke lodge since Sir Francis CRANE came thither."
NRO, Ref Ph 35288, Northampton Deposition.
[Probably Edward BARROW of Potterspury. His widow Elizabeth married 2ndly, Mr COOKE (probably Isaac). Edward had probably been acting on instructions from Sir Francis CRANE or his agents, perhaps as some sort of a contractor.]
Sir Francis CRANE (1579-1636) was a highly successful Tapestry dealer and manufacturer in Mortlake, Surrey, & an M.P.; in 1628 he made a loan of £7,500 pounds to the Crown, with a parcel of the honour of Grafton in Northamptonshire (an old Royal hunting demesne) as security, which he would have if the loan principal was not repaid within 2 years (it evidently was not); he was granted the Keepership of two more Grafton honour parks in 1633; he had Henry VIII's old hunting lodge there cannibalised of timber & stone to build his own grand & elaborate Italianate Villa of Stoke Lodge.

1635 - Mr BARROES "pays" 3s. for Ship Money, Potterspury.
NRO, Ref YX 4393.
[There appears to be a date problem here if this was Edward BARROW, reported as dead in 1634, especially if he was "paying" the tax rather than it being an assessment prior to the collection of it. Although this may have been the first time Ship Money was collected so far from the coast, and the list used for the assessment of it may have been a residual list from an earlier taxation, corrected as the current tax was collected (see further below in connection with the ca 1660 Poll Tax list).
Alternatively, this may perhaps instead have been Thomas BARROW, his son, who would probably therefore have to have been of age, & if so, born in or before 1614, and well before his father Edward BARROW married Elizabeth BRYAN alias CHEYNE.
The answer to this is critical, therefore, as to whether Thomas may have been an older half-brother of Elizabeth & Frances.]

1640 - John COOKE was witness to the sale of three closes in Potterspury, Northamptonshire.
NRO, Ref F XIII.6.
[Possibly John COOKE the Gray's Inn Barrister.]

1641 - Isaac COOKE and Thomas BARROWES witnessed the deed of sale of a house in Potterspury by John HILLIER the elder to John HILLIER the younger, citing a deed of 1577 between Thomas MEADE of Lillingston and John HILLIER of Potterspury.
NRO, Refs F XIII.3 & F XIII.7.
[Isaac was probably the father of John COOKE, Gray's Inn Barrister.
Thomas was probably the son of Edward BARROW of Potterspury, possibly by his wife Elizabeth BRYAN alias CHEYNE. But as he would probably have been of age, and therefore born in or before 1620, it appears more likely that he was instead the son of an earlier marriage.]

3 Jan 1642 - Frances's sister Elizabeth married Nicholas BACON of Bishopsgate street, parish of St Peter Upon Cornhill, City of London. The marriage settlements were made on 27 Dec 1621 - Isaac COOKE of Potterspury, Gent, was a party to the settlements and paid the marriage portion of £100, by which a portion of the BACON family premises in Bishopsgate Street, near Leadenhall Street, St Peter Upon Cornhill, was set aside for the use of Nicholas and his wife Elizabeth - namely a shop, cellars, garrets, two sets of stairs (otherwise identified as a hallway) and several small rooms convenient to the shop.
TNA, Chancery Court, 1654, Ref C 5/23/97, FARREN & COOKE v. BACON (the Bill of Complaint, and the part Answer of John FREEMAN & his son John), and Ref C 10/35/72, FARREN v BACON (the other part Answer of Clement & Martha BACON).
[The marriage may have taken place at Potterspury, for which parish the Registers, and the Bishop's Transcripts of them, do not exist, or cannot now be found, for dates before 1674.

Isaac COOKE was probably already of Potterspury in 1641, and perhaps already married 2ndly to the widow Elizabeth, whose most recent BARROW husband had died in or before 1634.
If so, when Isaac made Elizabeth Junior's marriage settlements in 1641, he would have done so as her step-father.
I speculate that there is very likely to have been some sort of "kinship" relationship between them, and a step-father/step-daughter relationship would certainly fall within that category.]

Aug 1642 - Mr John COOKE of Gray's Inn gave his nephew Luke CLAPHAM (Junior) a 1577 edition of the book "The firste volume of the Chronicles of England, Scotlande and Irelande, &c," by Raphael HOLINSHED.
Original volume now in the National Trust collection, Saltram, Devon; Inventory Number 3043865; with inscription on verso of the title page.
[Luke CLAPHAM was then about 3 years of age, and a son of Luke CLAPHAM Senior by his wife Elizabeth, a sister of John COOKE the Gray's Inn Barrister; Luke's death, on 2 Apr 1676, aged 37, was recorded on his M.I. in Islip Church, Oxfordshire.]

17 Aug 1643 - Nicholas BACON was buried in the East Churchyard.
St Peter Upon Cornhill parish register.
[Probably the husband of Elizabeth; evidently without issue, and aged 25 years. Elizabeth continued to reside in their part of the Bishopsgate Street house, alongside her BACON in-laws, for another 5 years after Nicholas died.]

Nov 1643 - John CLAPHAM was born in Isaac COOKE's house in Baldwin's Garden, Gray's Inn Lane, London, the son of Luke CLAPHAM & his wife Elizabeth, & baptised 24th.
St Andrew's Holborn parish register.
[Isaac's relationship to CLAPHAM is not stated in the Register.
We know that John COOKE's father Isaac had a daughter Elizabeth, and that she probably married Luke CLAPHAM (Senior) in ca 1639. See above.
If this was the same Isaac as the one of Potterspury at that time, it appears likely, therefore, that he kept his residence in Gray's Inn Lane for the convenience of him and his son John.
Unless this was instead the other or cousin Isaac COOKE? And if so, this may present a bit of an evidentiary problem - unless this other Isaac was the nephew born in 1626-27 (see above); and if so, then it follows that Potterspury Isaac was therefore almost certainly the father of John COOKE the Regicide.]

1645 - The date of her marriage recorded by Frances COOKE, Widow, in her 1664 petition to King Charles II.
Original manuscript petition in TNA, Kew.
[I sighted the original document at Kew in 2010. It bore neither date nor signature, and may have been a clerk's copy. If so, it may be possible that there was a copyist's mis-reading of the marriage year as 1645 in error for 1646. See further below.
But, unverified, and probably now unverifiable from any other source anyway, this does present a bit of an evidentiary problem.
Percival BOYD, in his "Inhabitants of London" [S.O.G. on Findmypast.co.uk] also recorded the marriage in the year 1645, but identified the bride, evidently in error, as Frances MASSEY.
[BOYD probably had access to OLIVER's "History of the Island of Antigua" published in 1895, in which an abstract of Elizabeth MASSEY's will named her niece Freelove GUNTHORPE.]

19 May 1646 - Frances BARR... married Mr John COOKE, Counsellor.
St Peter Upon Cornhill parish register.
[Notwithstanding the previous item, this may be our Frances.
"Counsellor" undoubtedly refers to a Barrister at Law, although "our" John COOKE may not have been the only one in town. Frances may have been residing with, or visiting, her sister Elizabeth, who was at that time  known to be residing in this parish as a widow in her & her late husband's premises in Bishopsgate Street.
If, contrary to her petition evidence, Frances was indeed married in 1646, then this marriage would appear to be more likely for COOKE than the Frances CUTLER marriage.
However, I should noted that the marriage register of St Olave's, Hart Lane, which records the CUTLER marriage on 12 Sep 1646, made no mention of any of the occupations of grooms during this period. So her husband may perhaps also have been a Counsellor, although I think that is more than just a little unlikely.
Indeed, I might cite the result of a quick & approximate estimation of the statistics involved to make my point - based on the five years between 1837 & 1847, the Statutory Registration of  English births numbered 5.7 million, with 438,183 being named John, 31,911 named Frances, and 15,912 named COOK or COOKE, with the result that the chances of their being two marriages between a man named John COOK and Frances is calculated as being about 1 in 828,000 - which did actually happen in 1626 (presuming that the numerical ratios might have been similar 200 years earlier, which, of course, they may not have been, but it is s starting point). But if we then factor into this equation a 4th quantifier, that of the profession of Barrister for the groom (estimates of roughly 2,500 in England in the 1640's among a population of around 5.2 million, so about 1 in 2,000 for the whole, or more accurately 1 in 1,000 of the male population), and this reduces the chances of them both being barristers down to one in 0.8 billion (English reckoning - or one in 800,000,000), which is a very, very tiny number indeed - some might say so close to zero as to statistically "prove" that the other John COOKE, with the CUTLER spouse, could not have been one.
As things stand at present, the "BARR" in this record is the ONLY match I find with the surname beginning BARR (otherwise BARROW of Potterspury) associated with the COOKE family. And I find no similar match with the name CUTLER or any part of it.]

28 Jun 1648 - Elizabeth BACON was married to Peter FARREN.
St Clement Dane's, Westminster, parish register.
[Elizabeth had continued to live in her late husband's residence in Bishopsgate Street, and for 5 years after his death (1643), as stated by Clement & Martha BACON in their 1654 Chancery Court Answer; whereupon, they said, she went off into the country with friends.
Peter FARREN was probably the former Baker & later Innholder of Northampton, and the widower of Sarah RO(LE)SON (the daughter of Roger HIGHAM) who had died in Northampton in 1647.
This marriage is certainly consistent, date-wise and geographically, with the BACON Court evidence of 1654.]

1649 - John COOKE sailed for Ireland, probably in late Sep or early Oct 1649, with his wife Frances & 3 servants; they evidently arrived in Wexford "...shortly after" that city was taken by storm by troops under command of Oliver CROMWELL on 11 Oct 1649; he may have been settled by CROMWELL into confiscated premises in Waterford at this time.
The COOKE party embarked in Wexford on the ship "Hector" on 1 Jan 1650, bound for Cobh harbour, near the City of Cork; but the ship was blown well off course in a severe gale, as far west as Mezne Head to the west of Cape Clere by about 5 or 6 Jan, and eventually found safe harbour back up at Kinsale on 9 Jan.
See "The Tyrannicide Brief," by Geoffrey ROBERTSON, Vintage Press, London, 2006, p.230. See also the full account of the voyage published by COOKE in Cork in Apr 1650.
[Evidently none of COOKE's baggage was lost in the storm, which, given his description of it, is rather remarkable, perhaps even providential.
If he was the son of Isaac of Potterspury, I do not know whether he still had his father's deed (see next item) with him on the voyage, or if it had been left in Waterford, or whether it had already been dispatched back to Potterspury.]

1650 - Isaac COOKE, Gent, held three tenements in Potterspury by copy. Rent for them all was £3 10s., fine £7, herriot 2 s. Annual value 13s. 6d. farthing, trees worth £12. "Isaac says his copy is in Ireland with his son, by which means, no date appears."
TNA, Ref E 317/Northants/40, fol.20. [Copy now on order from TNA, May 2015.]
[I speculate that "...his son" was very likely to have been John COOKE, the former Solicitor General for the Commonwealth, who is on the record as having very recently arrived in Ireland and taken up an appointment by CROMWELL as Chief Justice of Munster. See previous item.
The chances of the other (or "cousin") Isaac COOK having a son in Ireland at this time are, in my view, probably fairly remote - and, indeed, impossible, if it transpires that he was the nephew born in 1626-27.
But why John COOKE had his father's deed in his possession is a bit of a mystery - was he a party to it, or was he assisting his father in the due legal processing of it? And was his exit for Ireland therefore a bit sudden - or was he just a bit absent-minded in relation to family matters under the pressure of National duty?]

9 Aug 1650 - Elizabeth's 2nd husband Peter FARREN, Innholder, was buried at All Saints, Northampton. Parish Register. His administration was granted on 21 Oct to Elizabeth FARREN, the relict.
TNA, Ref "Index of Acts of Administration in the P.C.C." 1649-1654, PROB 6/25, MS fol. 152.
[His widow being named Elizabeth does not in itself prove that she was the widow of Nicholas BACON. But there do not appear to be any other Peter FARREN marriages in available English parish registers in the time frame, let alone with a wife named Elizabeth.]

24 Apr 1653 - Army Tax Assessments for Potterspury: Mr COOKE, 17s. 3d. Mr BARROW, (amount deleted and unreadable).
NRO, Ref YZ 4395.
[Probably Isaac COOKE and his or his wife's step-son Thomas BARROW.]

ca 1655 - BOYD's "Inhabitants of London" recorded the birth of John & Frances COOKE's daughter Freelove.

28 Jul 1655 - Elizabeth FARREN was married 3rdly, at All Saints, Northampton, to Robert MASSEY, Gent.
NRO, Parish Register.
[The register does not record Elizabeth as a widow. Once again, there do not appear to be any other Robert MASSEY marriages in available English parish registers in the time frame, let alone with a wife named Elizabeth.]

Apr 1657 - Justice John COOKE was back in London.
See ROBERTSON, Op. Cit., p. 253 & Chronology.

4 Jun 1657 - Rev John TWYCTON, Rector of Corby, Northamptonshire, made his will, mentioning his brother(-in-law) Isaac COOKE, his nephew John COOKE "...now or late Justice in Ireland... and oh what I would have given him had he not, had he not," and others, including another Isaac COOKE identified as his cousin.
TNA - P.C.C. Probate grant with will copy.
[Rev John TWICTON was evidently a Royalist, or perceived a need to appear so. I suspect that Frances COOKE 's wider family circle may have been of a similar persuasion, and that any residual "toleration" for her husband's Commonwealth activities may well have entirely evaporated by the time of the Restoration. This may account for the lack of mention of her & her sister in BARROW and CHEYNE family wills over the period, and for the very small core of close family members to whom John COOKE committed the care of his daughter Freelove in 1660. See below.
Rev John may have mis-identified the "cousin" Isaac COOKE in error for nephew - if the latter, he may have been the one born in 1626-27 (see above).]

9 Dec 1657 - John COOKE was in Northampton, having "...been all the last tearme attending his highness, in order to my return to Ireland, as he commanded me" - his letter of congratulations to Henry CROMWELL in Dublin, now Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, with his stated (but unfulfilled)  intention to "...attend your lordship in March." 
See "A Collection of the State Papers of John THURLOE," 1657-58, p. 666.
Justice COOKE was recorded as having subscribed a sum of 10s. for the furnishing of "...leatherine buckets" in the Town of Northampton for the purposes of fighting fires - the date of his subscription is unrecorded, but the date range for them all was from 1643 to 1657.
See "The Records of the Borough of Northampton," ed. C. COX, 1898, p. 244.
[Justice John COOKE probably made his contribution while there, in or before Dec 1657.]

1658 - Isaac COOKE died.
See ROBERTSON, Op. Cit., Chronology.
[It seems likely that he may have died in Potterspury. As mentioned elsewhere, the Parish Registers for Potterspury and the Bishop's Transcripts of them no longer exist, or cannot be found, prior to 1674.]

1 Feb 1658-59 - Justice John COOKE was still in London. His letter to Henry CROMWELL stated the reasons for the delay to his return, including the death of his aged father, and the consumptive illness of his wife.
See ROBERTSON, Op. Cit., p. 255.
[ROBERTSON presumed that Frances had also died about this time, from the consumptive illness mentioned in this letter. I believe, as some of these documents collectively show, that this presumption was in error.]

1659- Easter: John COOKE resumed duties on the Upper Bench in Ireland at the beginning of Easter Term.
See ROBERSTON, Op. Cit., p. 263.

16 May 1660 - John COOKE departed Dublin under close arrest; he was in Chester, 6 Jun, en route to prison and his trial in London.
See ROBERTSON, Op. Cit., p. 278.

15 Oct 1660 - John COOKE wrote his letter to his daughter Freelove from his condemned cell, mentioning her three close blood-relations - her dear mother, her good grandmother, and her loving aunt MASSEY. COOKE was executed the following day.
Letter published.
[Her mother was Frances COOKE; her grandmother was probably Elizabeth CHEYNE, the widow of Isaac COOKE, and before him of Edward BARROW of Potterspury, and earlier again of Samuel BRYAN of Northampton.]

1660 - Crown Survey of Potterspury: Elizabeth COOKE, copyholder, two properties with old rents of 1 pound 13s. 4. and of 6d.; Thomas BARROW, copyholder, old rent of 1 pound 7s.
NRO, Ref G 3199.
[Elizabeth was the widow of Edward BARROW of Potterspury (cited in 1634 as deceased), and probably the 2nd wife of Isaac COOKE; Thomas was probably the son of the late Edward BARROW, and the son or step-son of Elizabeth.]


[Part of a detail from the 1727 survey of Potterspury, held in the Northamptonshire Record Office, as shown in Rod CONLAN's paper "Renewal and Replacement in a Northamptonshire Village: Housing in Potterspury, 1727-1910," published in Vernacular Architecture, Vol. 40 (2009), p.43.
The BARROW house is highlighted in orange.]

9 Aug (ca 1660?) - Poll Tax assessment for Potterspury. Mr COOKE (£2), his wife, one daughter and 2 servants (2s.), goods £50.
NRO, Ref YZ 4397.
The Poll Tax was instituted to finance the disbanding of the New Model Army; the Bill was given its first reading in the Convention Parliament on 12 Jun 1660; a Committee was established to examine it on 6 Nov; and it seems that the final machinery may not yet have been in place for the actual collection of it until the first Parliament of Charles II had met in early 1661.
[There is an obvious problem with this year date, ca 1660, evidently attributed to it (and probably in the absence of an actual year number on the original) by the Archivist at Northamptonshire Record Office some years ago when the list was indexed.
However, if the list that was used for the assessment was a pre-existing or residual list from an earlier taxation, which was then corrected & upgraded as the tax was actually collected, then the date for that earlier list may have been 1659 or 1658 or even earlier - in which case this Mr COOKE may have been either John COOKE (1659) or Isaac (1658 or earlier).
But if the list was actually made in 1660, then I have a problem in assimilating this particular piece of "evidence" into my currently speculated BARROW saga. 
However, and irrespective of the year date, if the tax was applicable to all persons aged 16 and over, and by implication to none under that age, then the "daughter" could not have been Freelove COOKE, then only aged about 4 - so this Mr COOKE is unlikely to have been John.

Further, several web-sites indicate that the Tax was assessed according to rank, ranging from £100 for a Duke, down to 6d for "anyone else" not otherwise identified in between and aged 16 or over - with Judges rated at £20, Advocates at £5, and Attornies at £3 - all clearly in excess of Mr COOKE's assessment. Anyone with property (land, &c) was assessed at 40s per £100 earned from it - so Mr COOKE, probably therefore Isaac, may have been assessed on £100 worth of assets or annual income.] 

12 Feb 1661-62 - Elizabeth COOKE "...late wife of Edward BARRONES" (or BARROWS) and Thomas BARRONES (sic) "...his son" made a petition concerning a copyhold messuage in Potterspury.
See "Calendar of Treasury Books," Vol. 1, 1660-1667, Historical Manuscripts Commission, London, 1904, as abstracted on British History Online.
[I have not yet sighted the original manuscript Treasury Books at Kew. It appears that the letter "w" may yet again have challenged quill-wielding clerical hands, and the transcribing eyes of those who followed.
At any rate, the name BARRONES nowhere else appears in connection with the village of Potterspury - all that do, and which bear any resemblance to it, and there are many, are for the name BARROW or BARROWES or BARROES.]

1664 - Frances COOKE, widow, made her petition to King Charles II for restitution of her own personal losses in Ireland.
See Calendar of State Papers, Ireland, 1663-65, London, 1907, p. 514.
[Presumably she was still in England; she probably went to Antigua before about 1670. The original manuscript petition copy at Kew was undated; the 1907 printed abstract was published among other papers dated 1664.]

13 Jun 1675 - Freelove COOKE married John GUNTHORPE. Parish Register of St Mary's, Newington, Surrey, p. 114.
BOYD's "Inhabitants of London" recorded the date in error as 1678, and identified the groom as Major John GUNTHORPE, which militia rank he did not acquire until much later, and in Antigua.

27 Aug 1678 - Census of Antigua. Lt William PROCTOR was named as head of a household in Falmouth Division, comprising 2 men, 1 woman & 2 children (of European origin), and 4 men, 3 women & 4 children (of African origin).
See OLIVER, Op. Cit., Vol. 1, pp. lviii (PROCTOR & GUNTHORPE) and clix (MUSSENDEN). 
[The European woman was probably Frances; and the two children probably her younger daughters by her presumed 2nd husband William PROCTOR - the younger child probably Frances PROCTOR, later the wife of John PIGOTT.]
Also at Falmouth Division was John GUNTHROPP, his household comprising 3 men (European).
[Probably John GUNTHORPE, the husband of Freelove COOKE, who was still in England (see below).]
At Old North Sound Division was Major MUSSENDEN, his household comprising 2 men, 1 woman & 3 children (European), and 7 men & 6 women (African).
[Probably Buck's Plantation, purchased very soon after by John GUNTHORPE. See below.]

5 Sep 1678 - Elizabeth's 3rd husband Robert MASSEY, Attorney, made his will (proved 18 Sep 1678), leaving his estate to his "...beloved wife Elizabeth," with "Fr: GUNTHORPE" signing as a witness. He was buried at All Saints, Northampton, on 9 Sep.
NRO, Ref N Will 3rd Series E, 37.
[Evidently Freelove GUNTHORPE had stayed behind in England, perhaps not wanting to subject her first confinement to the rigours of a long sea voyage; her child Robert may have been named after this MASSEY uncle.]

17 Sep 1678 - By Deed of sale, John GUNTHORPE, of London, Goldsmith, purchased 500 acres in New North Sound, Antigua, formerly called Buck's Plantation, from Major William MUSSENDIN, for "...a valuable consideration (of which 4 negroes have been already received)..."  and with "...(3 white servants and 9 negroes still to be handed over)." 
The patent for the sale was granted to GUNTHORPE by Sir W. STAPLETON on 10 Jan 1681-82 at the rent of 1 ear of Indian corn every Christmas Day.

Buck's Plantation had been granted to Archibald HENDERSON in 1669, and after his banishment in 1674, was re-granted to Major William MUSSENDINE in 1677. 
See OLIVER, Op. Cit., Vol. 2, p. 40.
[OLIVER also recorded that GUNTHORPE & MUSSENDIN were "partners." I speculate that this sale was not a case of MUSSENDIN acting in Antigua for an investing (or "sleeping") partner still living in London, as GUNTHORPE's title might suggest; and he does appear to have already arrived in Antigua, being recorded in the Census 12 days earlier (see previous item). Goldsmith Company records show GUNTHORPE's admission as apprentice in 1671, but do not record his Freedom.]


5 Feb 1680-81 - Elizabeth MASSEY, widow of Robert MASSEY, made her will as she was about to set out on a voyage to Antigua; she named her niece Freelove "...now the wife of John GUNTHORPE of Antigua" and their son Robert GUNTHORPE. The will was proved P.C.C. 10 Apr 1686.
See OLIVER, Op. Cit., Vol. 2, p. 39.
[Given the date of her probate, Elizabeth probably survived her voyage to Antigua. She may have died there, but if so, no evidence survives.
If this was Elizabeth BARROW, she was aged 62 when she made her will, and would have been 68 if she survived until just before probate.
Her niece Freelove's husband John and eldest son Robert were evidently dead before 1693. See below.]

12 May 1685 - Mrs Margaret HENDERSON first made claims in the Court of Common Pleas in Antigua concerning Buck's Plantation, New North Sound, which had been originally granted in 1669 to her late brother-in-law Archibald HENDERSON. Her petition was subsequently forwarded by the Council to the Board of Trade in Apr 1687, and in her reply to the Board in Dec 1687, she claimed the property had been "usurped" by John GUNTHORPE, whom she described as "...the son-in-law to that egregious traitor John COOKE, Solicitor to the pretended High Court of Justice against King Charles the Martyr."
See OLIVER, Op. Cit., Vol. 2, p. 40.
[Margaret HENDERSON's claim concerning GUNTHORPE's relationship to John COOKE could hardly be regarded as "hard" evidence. Probably vexatious, perhaps well-informed, there is no indication that this part of her claim was disputed or challenged at the time by GUNTHORPE, or anyone else. But Margaret had few friends in Antigua, where Royalists were probably still very much outnumbered by old Commonwealth supporters who had emigrated to the extremities of the new King's demesnes around the time of, and after, the Restoration, including the members of John COOKE's immediate family.]

Jun 1690 - Admiral WRIGHT's West Indies squadron of 10 Men-of-War with 3,000 men arrived in Nevis, to protect English colonial interests against French aggression. The Squadron brought the Duke of Bolton's Regiment, now commanded by Henry HOLT, and in which was serving Captain John PIGOTT, about 22-23 years of age, a native of Queen's County, Ireland. John PIGOTT "settled" in Antigua for a few years.
The Duke of Bolton himself had accompanied Prince William of Orange on his arrival in England, and his Regiment had originally been ordered to go to Ireland with the new King in early 1690, but those orders were changed at the last minute.
[Captain John PIGOTT married Frances PROCTOR, the (probably third) daughter of Mrs Frances PROCTOR who was probably the widow of John COOKE; their first child (Elizabeth PIGOTT) was probably the one due in late 1693 or early 1694 (see below); their first-born son (Thomas PIGOTT) was born about 1695 (he came of age in Ireland in 1716); their youngest son (Captain John PIGOTT of Stradbally, my ancestor) was born in Ireland in 1704.]

17 Jul 1691 - Acquilla STOUGHTON made his will, naming his wife Frances as his sole executor; the will was proved on 21 Jun 1693. STOUGHTON was first mentioned in Antiguan records on 9 Jan 1679-80, as a Deputy Secretary "...sworn to the acts of Trade."
See OLIVER, Op. Cit., Vol. 1.
[Frances was probably the widow of William PROCTOR, and before him of John COOKE.]

9 Sep 1693 - Frances STOUGHTON, widow, made her will in Antigua (proved 8 Feb 1693-94), naming grandsons John & William GUNTHORPE, and noting a prior bequest to her "...for £20 to buy mourning" from Major John GUNTHORPE which she directed should go to her son-in-law John PIGOTT.
See OLIVER, Op. Cit., Vol. 3, p. 25.
[If this was Frances BARROW, she was aged 73. If another, she was still aged in her mid 60s (if aged 18 at her marriage in 1645-46) or older.
Major John GUNTHORPE, probably only recently deceased, was almost certainly the widower of Freelove COOKE; the grandsons John & William inevitably John & Freelove's two surviving sons, the evidence here indicating that the elder son Robert mentioned in 1681-2 had probably since died.]
Frances STOUGHTON also named her daughter, Frances PIGOTT, the wife of John PIGOTT, and made a bequest of £5 for plate for the first child she has.
[Frances PIGOTT was identified by OLIVER in his "History of the Island of Antigua" as a daughter of Lieutenant William PROCTOR of Rendezvous Bay, Antigua, and on that evidence probably the 2nd husband of the widow Frances COOKE.
The "first child she has" may well have been already on the way.]
Frances STOUGHTON made further mentioned of another grandchild, Frances KERBY.
[I speculate that her mother was yet another but unknown daughter of Frances by a husband unknown but probably William PROCTOR; her father may have been Dr Thomas KERBY of Antigua.]