Wednesday, December 11, 2013

Irish PHAYRE, PHAIRE & FAIR families.

Letitia PHAYRE, of the Parish of Kilmore, County Cavan, 1763, was my great-x-4 grandmother.
Born about 1739 (judging by her age at burial), she married Thomas MAGUIRE of Mullalougher, Co Cavan, in 1763.
In 1777 she went with her husband and their 6 children to live in Dublin, where their youngest child was born in 1782 - William MAGUIRE; his story is told in an earlier post on this

William MAGUIRE was aged 41 when he began his diary, "Un Memoir," in 1823; but in it he did not record any information about his PHAYRE grandparents. This might suggest that those grandparents were both dead before young William had become aware of his surroundings.

Of his mother Letitia, we know that she was an early member of the Methodist Society in County Cavan, and became a Class Leader there & in Dublin; and that in 1794 she succeeded her late husband Thomas as Sexton of St Patrick's (C.of I.) Cathedral in Dublin; and that she was buried with him in the family plot in the Cathedral Churchyard, known as the Vicar's Bawn, in 1812, aged 72.

We also know that Letitia's mother was living in 1766, when she too joined the Methodist Society in County Cavan, as one of 33 new members "converted" by the itinerant Minister John SMITH after his first foray into that part of Ireland:
"...During the following week, John SMITH preached twice on each of two days, at Mr MAGUIRE's, to crowded congregations, and such was the influence which accompanied his preaching that 33 persons gave their names as willing to become members of the Methodist Society; among them was Mrs MAGUIRE's '...poor, aged, blind mother,' who some time after was able to say - 'I am seventy-seven years old, and was only born today'."
[Henry CROOKSHANK, "History of Methodism in Ireland," 1886, Ch.XVII, p.197].

However, Thomas McFANN, in his obituary tribute, commemorating the lives of two of Letitia's sons, Thomas & the above-mentioned William MAGUIRE (they both died in 1844), published in 1845, took a slightly different view:
"[Letitia PHAYRE] was made the happy partaker of true religion some years before Methodism was introduced into that part [County Cavan] of the country. It was in his [Thomas MAGUIRE's] house shortly after his marriage [in 1763], that that able minister of the New Testament, Mr John BREDIN, preached his first sermon...
"Soon after [in 1766], the travelling preacher [John SMITH] came, and on his first visit, a class of thirty-three members was formed, "...amongst whom," says Mrs MAGUIRE, "...was my poor, aged, blind mother, who continued to be self-righteous until within a year of her death. When at the Lord's Table, after the cup had passed, the words repeated by the Minister came with power to her heart, and she returned home praising and glorifying God, saying - 'I am seventy-seven years old, and was only born this day'."
[Primitive Wesleyan Methodist Magazine, 1845, pp.26-37.]

I'm not sure how correct McFANN's version was in relation to the administering of the Lord's Supper - I  had understood that Methodists generally did not administer any of the sacraments until after WESLEY's death, and that in Ireland, a large proportion of Methodists continued to adhere to that admonition of WESLEY, even on his death-bed, that his followers should continue to remain  loyal to the Established Church in matters sacramental (the Primitive Wesleyan Methodists were formed, ca 1818, specifically for that purpose, and that was the Society to which the MAGUIRE family subsequently belonged).

That Letitia had become a Methodist "several years" before Methodism found its way into County Cavan might suggest one of several possibilities:
1. Letitia had met up with a Methodist in County Cavan before she married Thomas MAGUIRE - I have often wondered whether that perhaps may have been Martha CARY, of Dungiven, Co Londonderry, who was the wife (married in 1747) of Thomas NEWBURGH of Ballyhaise House (he owned the farm in Mullalougher which Thomas MAGUIRE held by leasehold from him).
2. Letitia was already a Methodist before she went to Cavan - which might suggest a possibility that she went to Ballyhaise with her parents, as a young woman, & perhaps from a place where Methodism was already well established - and might that have been Dublin?

A more detailed search for this, her first Methodist contact, might prove illuminating as to Letitia's origins, providing he can be positively identified as Mr John SMITH.
Henry CROOKSHANK ("History of Methodism in Ireland") does refer to John SMITH (1713-1774), originally from Tandragee, Co Armagh, & later of Cootehill, Co Cavan, who heard WESLEY preach there in 1758, and became a convert and class leader there; WESLEY appointed him to be an itinerant preacher on the circuit that encompassed the Counties of Cavan, Fermanagh & Monaghan, in 1766; one community he did visit in Co Monaghan was Kilmore. All in all, it appears that if SMITH had encountered Letitia PHAYRE before she received him at her husband's house in Mullalougher in 1766, it was probably at Kilmore, and that is probably where she was living when she married Thomas MAGUIRE. Or perhaps instead at Cootehill?

It may therefor be that the MAGUIRE family's removal to Dublin in 1777 was either inspired by Martha NEWBURGH alias CARY's stated friendship towards Letitia [William MAGUIRE's Memoir]; or by the MAGUIRE family's recent experience with a visiting and fatal fever [CROOKSHANKS "History..."]; or indeed that Letitia may have had PHAYRE relations living in Dublin.
However, Thomas MAGUIRE's subsequent career, in the bosom of the Church of Ireland's Cathedral Church of St Patrick, probably points to the former, as Martha, now Mrs CRADOCK, had recently gone to live with her new husband, Rev William CRADOCK, the Dean of the said Cathedral church.

It is also apparent that Letitia probably facilitated the burial of some of her own relations in her husband's grave in St Patrick's Cathedral churchyard:
1. Rebecca PHAIR, interred " the Vicar's Bawn in Thomas MAGUIRE's ground" on 29 Jul 1795.
2. Mrs Rebecca PHAIRE, aged 81, interred " T. MAGUIRE's ground" on 19 Jan 1808.
3. A child of Robert PHAIR, buried in the Vicar's Bawn, 1 Jun 1815,"... in Mr Maguire's burial place."

As Letitia's mother appears to have been aged 77 in 1766, her presumed birth in ca 1688-89 would suggest that she was neither of these Rebecca's (the 1795 burial would have to have been aged over 100 - which extreme longevity would probably have attracted specific notice - it would certainly not have escaped the attention of her grandson William MAGUIRE, & if so, surely mentioned by him in his 1823 Diary); although the younger "Mrs" Rebecca, if not a married sister-in-law, may well have been an older & unmarried sister (Mrs, as the abbreviation of Mistress, did not always have the present day meaning of a married woman).

There was an Army Pensioner record of a Thomas PHAIR, born at Ballyaise, Co Cavan; served in the 8th Dragoons; discharged aged 49, after 9 years 7 months service; his date range 1795 [TNA - WO 121/21/156]. One might speculate that the single date range entry was his year of discharge, indicating a birth in 1745, which, but for the different spelling, might have been a younger brother of our Letitia, or instead a cousin?

Further, Letitia's eldest daughter, Mary Ann MAGUIRE, appears to have married back into the PHAYRE family - in Dublin, in 1785, she married Thomas PHAYRE, who was probably related to Letitia, perhaps as a nephew or as more distant cousin.

Mary Ann MAGUIRE was born at Mullalougher, Co Cavan, on 19 Apr 1764; she was aged 13 when she went to Dublin with her family in 1777; she was interred in the Vicar's Bawn, St Patrick's Cathedral, almost certainly in the PHAYRE family plot, on 5 Aug 1802; she was married, by License of the Dublin Diocese, in 1785, to Thomas PHAYRE (possibly also of Kilmore, County Cavan), who was perhaps already her relation; he was buried with her on 5 Dec 1802; they left issue:

1. Robert PHAYRE, who settled in England with his wife Margaret TACKABURY; probably had issue:
     a. A child of Robert PHAIR was buried in the Vicar's Bawn, 1 Jun 1815,"... in Mr Maguire's burial place".
2. John PHAYRE, born in Dublin, 12 May 1790, & after his parents died in 1802, he was raised by his MAGUIRE grandmother (our Letitia PHAYRE); he then went to New York in 1817 [obituary, New York Christian Advocate, 4 Apr 1867, p.107], & became connected with the old Forsyth Street Church in New York [Matthew SIMPSON, "Cyclopedia of Methodism, &c," ca 1882]; Local Preacher, Methodist Episcopal Church, New York, & was subsequently ordained Local Deacon & Local Elder; for 42 years an Exhorter & Local Preacher, "...he devoted himself especially to work at the Almshouse, House of Refuge, House for Old People, asylums, hospitals and the Penitentiatry of New York" [SIMPSON, Op. Cit.]; he died suddenly at his residence, 201 West 30th St, New York, 4 Dec 1866, & was buried in his own plot, Cypress Hills Cemetery (see their Burial Register).

John married 1stly, Frances A. BOGERT; she died at 198 Allen St, New York, 19 Jan 1841; she was probably buried in the Forsyth Street Methodist Episcopal Churchyard, N.Y., and re-interred at Cypress Hills ca 1854-56 when that graveyard was cleared, with the best stones being relocated " look good"; they had issue:
     a. Elizabeth D. PHAYRE, born ca 1825; probably died on 30 Oct 1850, & was buried in Rev John PHAYRE's plot at Cypress Hills Cemetery; if so, she married Isaac JOLLIE, with issue.
     b. Sarah Anne PHAYRE, born 1827; she married her 2nd cousin Thomas Lancelot PIGOTT, the son of John PIGOTT & Elizabeth MAGUIRE.
     c. Francis PHAYRE, b ca 1830, died Feb 1852.
     d. (daur); probably married SMITH, with 2 children buried at Cypress Hills in Rev John PHAYRE's plot:
          i. John F. SMITH in Jan 1851, a child.
          ii. Letitia M. SMITH in Jan 1853, a child.
John married 2ndly, ca late 1841,Catherine McComb JOLLIE; she died at 325 West 30th St, New York, at noon on Monday 9 Jun 1873, aged 68 [New York Times, 10 Jun]; further issue:
     e. John Francis PHAYRE, born New York City 11 Jul 1842, B.A. from the University City of New York, died in New York 1919, having married on 20 Aug 1869, Augusta C. TALLMAN, with issue:
          i. Mary A. PHAYRE, born 1871.
3. Letitia PHAYRE, Assistant Sexton at St Patrick's, 1817; Robekeeper, 1831; Sextonness, 3 Patrick's Close South, 1842-48; Gallery Keeper, 1845; married William WHITE, Carpenter, also of St Patrick's Cathedral; he was buried there 14 Dec 1838; issue baptised at St Patrick's Cathedral:
     a. Mary Anne WHITE, born 5 May 1821, & bapt 14 May.
     b. Letitia WHITE, born 11 Jul 1823, & bapt 24 Jul.
     c. William WHITE, bapt 13 Nov 1824, & buried 6 May 1825.
     d. Henry WHITE, bapt 25 May 1826, & buried 7 Jan 1829.
     e. William Eustace WHITE, bapt 22 Apr 1827, & buried 8 Apr 1833.
     f. Thomas WHITE, born 13 Dec 1828, bapt 21 Dec, & buried 22 Mar 1845.
     g. Lucinda WHITE, born 5 Nov 1830, & bapt 25 Nov.

As there were several other PHAIRE family activities connected with St Patrick's Cathedral, I had early thought them to be potential relations of Letitia. Although it now appears they may not have been, one of them appears likely to have had a connection to descendants of Col Robert PHAIRE of Cork, who had been named on the warrant for the execution of King Charles, made me look into a possible link to that family. Their story is told further below.

But if Thomas PHAYRE was not from Kilmore, County Cavan, then he may well have been a Dublin PHAYRE; and if Letitia was already his relation before she became his mother-in-law, then perhaps Letitia's immediate family origins, as hinted at above, were indeed also in Dublin.
This possibility has also made me take a particular interest in PHAIR[E] families in Dublin, as well.

The truth of Letitia's origins may well remain untold - but there is a possibility that her grandfather may have come over to Ireland in the Protestant Army of William of Orange in 1689-90.


John PHAIR; House Painter, 9 Golden Grove, Dublin, 1785-96 [Directory listings]; Painter, 12 Wood Street, Dublin, 1801-14.
(Unknown) FARE, buried St Nicholas Wiithout (C.of I.), Dublin, 8 Oct 1785, late of Golden Lane [the parish "church" for this body was the north transept of St Patrick's Cathedral, and so the burial may have taken place in the Cathedral churchyard].
John PHAIR, Member of the Methodist Society, 1788-90, of 9 Golden Lane; Margaret PHAIR, of the same address, was also a Member, and was undoubtedly related, as a wife, mother or sister.
(Unknown) PHAIR, buried St Nicholas Without (C.of I.), Dublin, 20 Oct 1796.

The Methodist & St Patrick's Cathedral connections suggest a distinctly possible link to my Letitia (above); there is also a possibility of a connection to the next.


There is a Manuscript Pedigree in the holdings of the Genealogical Office, Dublin [G.O. MS 171, p.529], for a PHAYRE family, with additional details inserted, as follows:

Herbert PHAYRE; of the City of Dublin; admitted Freeman, 1733, Cooks & Vintners Guild; his wife Mary was buried at St Andrew's (C.of I.), Dublin, 1745; issue:

George PHAYRE, ? perhaps born about 1730. Curiously, the above Herbert PHAYRE looks very like a member of the Cork family of Col Robert PHAIRE, the Regicide.
And this George may have been the next, but was perhaps instead the father of the next:

George PHAYRE, ? perhaps born ca 1760; married Jane or Jean DEMPSEY (born ca 1760), daughter of James & Dorothy DEMPSEY of St Kevin's Parish, Dublin; Jane PHAIR, late of Clarendon Street, died at her son's house in William Street, Dublin, and was buried St Nicholas Without, 26 May 1838, aged 77; issue:

John PHAYRE, born Dublin, 1792; Carpenter & Builder; was paid for carpentry work at Trinity College, 1839 & 1844; of Clarendon Street, Dublin, 1823, 1827; of 62 William Street, Dublin, 1829-1844; of 63 William Street, 1847, 1855; died 28 Oct 1855, & bur Mount Jerome Cemetery, Grave C65, 963P, late of 63 William Street, aged 63; married 1stly, St Peter's (C.of I.), Dublin, 21 Aug 1814, Catherine FERGUSON (daughter of David FERGUSON of Cork by Eleanor MURRAY); she died 26 Oct 1827, aetatis 36; issue:
1. George PHAYRE, born Dublin, 27 Sep 1817, & baptised St Peter's (C.of I.), Dublin, 26 Oct; admitted 4 Nov 1830 to the Royal Dublin Society's School of Drawing in Architecture; exhibited four designs in the Royal Hibernian Academy, 1839; variously recorded in Dublin at 62 William Street (1837-44), 63 William St (1845), 37 Frederick St South (1847), Webster Place, Haddington St (1851), 2 Blakeney Terrace, Sandymount Strand (1852-55), 7 Brunswick St (1856), 47 Fleet St (1858), 61 Great Brunswick St (1859), 60 Upper Dominick St (1861-62); he died in Dublin, 30 Dec 1861; he married in Dublin, 25 Dec 1846, Harriett Henrietta HALL of Dublin; with issue:
    a. John William PHAYRE, born Queen's County, 11 Dec 1847; at 34 Lower Rutland Street, 1901 Census, a Carrier's Clerk, with wife Sarah, 3 children, & mother-in-law Jane HENDERSON.
    b. George Atkins PHAYRE, born Flower Terrace, Haddington Road, 18 Mar 1850, & bapt St Stephen's (C.of I.), 26 May; died 16 Jan 1851, an infant.
    c. Katherine Eleanor PHAYRE, born 29 Sep 1851.
    d. Charles George PHAYRE, born 2 May 1852; died 13 Dec 1852, an infant.
    e. George PHAYRE, born 28 Apr 185; died 5 Mar 1894; married on 29 Nov 1893, Margaret GERNON.
2. Eleanor PHAYRE, born 12 Jun 1819; later of Limerick; aged 91, Unmarried, 1911 Census, with her brother-in-law Henry ASHE.
3. Theodosia PHAYRE, born 23 May 1821; died 2 Jan 1885, unmarried.
John, now an Architect, married 2ndly, at Mullabrack Parish Church, on 29 Apr 1828, Barbara WANN (eldest daughter of John WANN of Gosford Castel, Markethill); she died 21 Oct 1845, & was buried with her husband; further issue:
4. Sarah PHAYRE, born 10 Nov 1830; died at William Street, 19 Jul 1849, & buried in her father's plot.
5. Margaret PHAYRE, born 17 Jan 1832; died 31 Jan 1910.
6. Rosanna PHAYRE, born 2 Mar 1833 or 1834; died 20 May 1833 or 1834, an infant.
7. Mary Jane PHAYRE, born 31 Jul 1837; died 4 Mar 1889.
8. Barbara PHAYRE, born 21 Jul 1839; aged 72, Unmarried, living with her brother-in-law Henry ASHE, 1911 Census; died at 2 Vernon Villas, Military Road, Limerick, 3 Jan 1912; her will proved by her niece Eleanor ASHE.
9. John PHAYRE, born Dublin, 4 Jul 1841; emigrated to America, ca 1869, via Montreal; at Middletown, Richmond, Staten Island, N.Y., 1880 Census, aged 38, Clerk in Store, with wife & daughter; died in New York, 1904; married on 12 Aug 1868, Margaret FERRERS, with issue:
     a. Charlotte Letitia PHAYRE, born Hoboken, N.J., 22 Dec 1870.
     b. Franklin Winfield PHAYRE, born Tompkinsville, Staten Island, N.Y., 9 Feb 1881; residing at Flagles Place, Whitestone, Queen's Co, N.Y., 1920 Census, aged 38, Unamrr, Sales, with unmarred sister Charlotte L., aged 48, Teacher, and cousin Alice Wann BOYD, aged 48.
10. William PHAYRE, born 8 Jul 1843; died 26 Feb 1862.
11. Catherine Frances PHAYRE, born 2 Oct 1844; died 24 Dec 1908; married at St Anne's (C.of I.), Dublin, 29 Jan 1867, Henry Wellesley ASHE, of Heytesbury Street, Dublin; he was 18 Ballincurra (Hart), South Limerick, 1901 Census, aged 60, Printer & Stationer, born Co Kerry, with wife (aged 55, born Dublin), 3 children & 1 Domestic Servant; at 22 Military Road, Limerick, 1911 Census, aged 72, Widower, Proprietary Printer, born Dublin, with son & daughter, and two unmarried PHAYRE sisters-in-law; he died at Rathdown, Co Dublin, 1921; issue:
     a. (son), born Rathmines, 11 Dec 1867.
     b. Eleanor Rose ASHE, born Rathmines, 20 Oct 1869; aged 28, Unmarried, with parents, 1901 Census.
     c. Catherine Sarah ASHE, born Leeson Park, 3 Jun 1871; aged 26, Unmarried, with parents, 1901 Census; aged 38, unmarried, with father, 1911 Census.
     d. Theodosia Charlotte ASHE, born Waterloo Road, Co Dublin, 14 Sep 1881.
     e. Henry ASHE, born Dublin City, ca 1885; aged 14, with parents, 1901 Census; aged 25, Accountant at Printing, Unmarried, with father, 1911 Census.

I had early wondered if my Letitia MAGUIRE (born 1739) could have been a sister of this George PHAYRE of Dublin - but this cannot be so, as his mother Mary died in 1745, and hers was still living at Mullalougher in County Cavan in 1766, when, old and blind, she joined the Methodist Society there.


John PHAIRE, born ca 1768; Tailor, 22 George's Quay, Dublin, 1832 [Treble Almanack]; of 23 George's Quay, Dublin; died on 9 Dec 1846, aged 78, & buried at Mount Jerome Cemetery [M.I. #3807], in the same grave as the next, & so probably related; possibly the John PHAIR who married at the German Lutheran Church, Dublin, 21 Apr 1822, Anne PEELE (as abstracted on the web-site), unless instead the younger John born in ca 1794?
Mrs Jane PHAIR, relict of the late William PHAIR, died 28 Mar 1848, aged 86.
Also buried in the grave was Catherine PEEL, died 22 Apr 1849, aged 86 - probably related to Anne PHAIR alias PEELE.

John PHAIR, born ca 1794, perhaps a son of the above John or William; Pawnbroker, Port Road; residing at 48 Fleet Street, Dublin, 1851; died on 3 Jul 1857, aged 62, & buried at Mount Jerome Cemetery [Grave C62, Plot 969P- Perpetuity]; he probably married in the German Lutheran Church, Dublin, 21 Apr 1822, Anne PEELE; she died on 31 Jul 1851, & was buried with her husband, aged 52; they had issue:
1. Anne PHAIR, born ca 1822; died at 48 Fleet Street, Dublin, 7 Aug 1875, aged 53, & buried in her father's plot, evidently unmarried.
2. Letitia PHAIR, born ca 1825; she died " her residence, Rehobeth House, South Circular Road" in Apr 1865 [Freeman's Dublin Journal, 25 Apr]; she married at St Andrew's (C.of I.), Dublin, 24 Feb 1846, Nathaniel COLGAN, of 205 Gt Britain St, Pawnbroker, witnessed by John PHAIR & John COLGAN; he died before her; they had isue 3 sons & 2 daughters.
3. Elizabeth PHAIR, born ca 1830 or ? earlier; married at St Andrew's (C.of I.), Dublin, 12 Sep 1849, Joseph MARTIN, Gent, witnessed by John PHAIR & Robert SCANLAN.
4. John PHAIR, born ca 1831; died at Fleet Street, Dublin, 2 Nov 1850, aged 28, & buried in his father's plot.
5. Angelica PHAIR, the 4th daughter; married at St Andrew's (C.of I.), Dublin, 24 Feb 1857, Thomas HUNTER (eldest son of the late James HUNTER of County Wicklow).
6. Margaret Catherine PHAIR, youngest daughter; married at St Anne's, Edghill, Liverpool, Nov 1858, Michael B. MORAN, Architect of Dublin [Freeman's Dublin Journal, Thur 4 Nov].
7. William Henry PHAIR, born ca Dec 1838; died at 48 Fleet Street, Dublin, 8 Mar 1852, aged 22 years & 3 months, & buried in his father's plot.
8. Charles PHAIR, youngest son, born ca 1839; died at 48 Fleet Street, Dublin, 23 Jun 1868, aged 29, & bur in his father's plot.

Robert PHAIR; Robert PHAIR & Company, 13 Upper Abbey Street, Bristol Crown & street window glass, oil & colour Warehouse, 1849 [Dublin Directory]; Glass Merchant, 13 Up. Abbey St, Dublin, 1849; Glass, Oil & Coke Warehouse, 13 Abbey Street Upper, 1851; of Upper Abbey Street, 1857; subject of proceedings in the Insolvents Court, Dublin, Feb 1859, & to "surrender on Tue 6th Feb & Fri 25th Feb" [Cork Examiner, 7 Feb 1859]; married Sarah (Jane) EVANS; she died at 13 Abbey Street, 12 Oct 1857, aged 57, & buried at Mount Jerome Cemetery [Grave C108, Plot 743P]; probable issue
1. Jane Caroline PHAIR; born Dublin, ca 1838; emigrated to Victoria; died at Brunswick, Melbourne, 29 Sep 1896, aged 57; married at Fitzroy, Melbourne, 16 Nov 1865, William Henry Brand MOORE (her mother named as Jane EVANS); he died at Port Welshpool, 29 Jul 1929; with issue:
     a. James Robert MOORE, born Queenscliff, 18 Mar 1866; died Vic, 6 Sep 1928.
     b. Ellen Jane MOORE, born Queenscliff, 16 Jan 1868; died Vic 1954.
     c. William Henry Brand MOORE, born Dromana, 1870; died Port Welshpool, 15 Feb 1927.
     d. Benjamin Robinson MOORE, born Kang., 1872; died Vic, 13 Feb 1943.
     e. Adelaide Sarah MOORE, born & died Dromana, 1874; inf.
     f. Jane Phair MOORE, born Rosebud, 1876; died Vic, 20 Feb 1950.
     g. Mary Elizabeth MOORE, born Rosebud, 8 Jan 1879; died Vic, 1971.
2. Maria Alice PHAIR; of 20 George's Place & 13 Up Abbey St, Dublin, when she married, at St George's C.of I., Dublin, 29 Jan 1859, Benjamin Brand ROBINSON of 9 Talbot Street.
3. Elizabeth PHAIRE, born 8 Oct 1843; buried Mt Jerome in her mother's plot, 13 Oct 1844, aged 12 months & 5 days.
4. Sarah Emily PHAIR, born 13 Up Abbey Street, Dublin, 7 Oct 1845, & bapt St Mary's C.of I., 4 Jan 1846; married 1stly, BARBER; married 2ndly, at St John's, Liverpool, Lancs, on 3 Sep 1885, Isaac OAKES, a Widower, of 78 Crown Street, Liverpool, Watchmaker (son of Isaac OAKES, Warehouseman).
5. John Pounds PHAIRE, born Feb 1847; died at Phibsborough, 22 Apr 1847, aged 2 months, & buried in his mother's plot.
6. Adelaide Louise PHAIR, born 13 Abbey St, Dublin, 5 Oct 1848, & bapt St Mary's C.of I., 11 Nov 1849; emigrated to Australia; married in 1876, William JAMIESON; with issue.

An Agnes PHAIR, of Melbourne, daughter of the late Robert PHAIR, married on 8 Dec 1887, Robert RAMSAY Jr, of Foochow, China [Melbourne Argus, 24 Dec 1887] - perhaps instead related to the Robert PHAIR of Lauriston, Vic (1867, a Bush Carpenter, Insolvency Proceedings), late of Glanmire, Co Cork (see section on the Paper Manufacturers of Cork & Waterford).


There appear to have been PHAIR families with connections in County Roscommon - in the Province of Connaught, and bounded by the Counties of Sligo (to the north), Mayo (west), Galway (south west), Offaly (south), Westmeath (south east) Longford (east) & Leitrim (north-east).
One of these families had strong connections with the Barony of Castlerea (or Castlereagh), in the western part of the county, bounded by the Baronies of Ballymore (south east), Roscommon (east) & Frenchpark (north), and the Counties of Mayo (west) and Galway (south).
This family appears to have been centered in or around the Church of Ireland Parish of Kilkeevin (Diocese of Elphin), in the south-western corner of the Barony of Castlerea, bounded by County Mayo (west), Parish of Kiltullagh (south-west), County Galway (south), & the Parishes of (?) (south south west), Ballintober (south east), Baslick (east) & Tiboline (north).
In the eastern part of the Parish of Kilkeevin were the three contiguous Townlands of Castlerea, Longford (east of Castlerea) and Rampark (north of Longford), 
So, it need not surprise, therefore, that any family in this location is likely to have had relations living nearby in the Counties of Galway & Sligo, or in the neighbouring parishes & Baronies, Ballintober being one of both.

Curiously, the only mention of the surname in the (1832) Tithe Applotment Books (Parish assessments for rural holdings of 1 acre or more) for County Roscommon was for Casper PHAYRE, in Longford Township, Parish of Kilkeevin, where was tithed for 3 acres 3 roods at 2s. 7d., and another 13 acres at 9s.1d., suggesting that he may have been the progenitor of them all, unless joined there later by others from elsewhere.
John PHAYRE was from one such family associated with Roscommon, and he was undoubtedly himself getting on in years when wrote a letter to his grand-nephew William Holmes COULTER, in Launceston, Tasmania, informing him of some aspects of his family history. Not all of the statements John made in the letter are able to be corroborated, and at least one looks very much like a fabrication
The letter was undated, and the envelope in which it arrived damaged and unreadable. Will COULTER, the recipient, died in Sep 1892 aged 20, so it is presumed that the letter was written around 1890. A transcription of the letter was made in Tasmania in 1970 by Mrs Sheila NEVIN, who gave a copy to her cousin Margaret McCARTHY, whose daughter contacted me recently from Melbourne.
The letter reads as follows:
"My Dear Will,
"I am glad to hear you wish to know something of the pedigree of the family you belong to, for it gives me the idea that you mean to look up and act respectfully through life.
"Your father I am sure does not know anything about his antecedents beyond his father and mother. I am nearly quite as bad, except a little I learned from my sister who is a great genealogist and historian. I was a mere boy when your grandfather was married to my sister. He was a handsome, well-educated young man, and she a pretty young woman.
"He was a great friend of my eldest brother, and thereby came the acquaintance. I recollect to hear that my father was not pleased at the time, though the COULTERs were a respectable family in the North of Ireland. Your grandfather had neither uncles or aunts, his father being an only child.
"As to the PHAYREs, some of us are a proud set being of ancient lineage and of English descent. The first of them who came to Ireland were two officers in the army of William the Conqueror [see note *]. One settled down in the County Mayo, and the other in County Roscommon. They were possessors of great property in both counties, and educated their families in the best of style.
"My father belonged to the Roscommon branch; he had two brothers and one sister, the latter married a cousin; one brother died young. The property descended to my father and uncle. After my father's death, my mother and eldest brother sold it to my uncle at a very great sacrifice, for a stranger would have given many hundreds of pounds more for it. My brother and self had to work our way in the world by our learning.
"I have lost 2 brothers, 2 sisters; one of those, your grandmother, a good woman whom I was very fond of. The other still alive, in her 87th year, so intelligent and now alive to everything passing in the world. A good woman.
"My youngest brother went abroad many years ago, and after receiving a friend's letter heard of his death. My eldest brother, who was highly educated before my father's death, went into the army, and in a little time attained great honours, was in India and many places abroad, and retired as General Sir A.P. PHAYRE. I can't tell you all the additions to his name, except I had the army records; my memory is not good lately. The General, I am sorry to say, did not take the trouble of looking after his brother and sister. He married an elderly lady, had no family, and died several years ago. My sister has a picture of him in uniform. If I could find it, I would send it to you, as you seem to like such things.
"It is pleasant, however, to have nothing to be ashamed of in a long line of ancestors.
"I should also tell you of the HOLMES name you bear. My dear sainted mother, who was, too, fond of your father; they were a very well connected family in Longford, and intermarried with a great family named ROSS. My mother's mother was ROSS, and claimed relationship to this good and great Lady ROSS, who in her lifetime built us 7 Protestant Churches in Ireland, and endowed many, many schools.
"Major Ruttledge PHAYRE, a great man in the government, is now head of the Mayo PHAYREs; and I believe my sister & myself the last of the Roscommon branch.
"(signed) J. PHAYRE."
[Note *] - This statement is clearly in error, and the most likely explanation is that John PHAYRE was instead referring to the Army of the Protestant Prince William of Orange (subsequently King William of England), which defeated the Catholic Army of his wife's relation (King James II & VII) at the Battle of the Boyne in 1690.
Further, it is evident from research into the family of Richard PHAYRE of Daphne & Killoughram Forest, Wexford, Hon E.I.C. Service, & later of Shrewsbury, that his 2nd son, General Sir Arthur Purves PHAYRE, could not have been a brother of the letter writer John PHAYRE of the Roscommon branch (see Cork PHAIRE section below).
However, it is rather a brave call to suggest that a man did not know who his own brother was!

One might speculate the following pedigree:

John PHAYRE of Roscommon (his COULTER grandson named his first-born son John Phayre COULTER, probably in honour of one of his direct ancestors); married, probably to a Miss HOLMES (possibly a daughter of William HOLMES), whose mother was a ROSS (although perhaps she was instead named KING); issue:
1. An eldest son; possibly named Arthur PHAYRE; perhaps went into the army.
2. A daughter, perhaps born ca 1803; living ca 1890, aged 86. Possibly Ellen PHAYRE below (although, in her obit notice, her father was identified as Thomas).
3. Elizabeth PHAYRE, perhaps born ca 1807; said to have died in Enniskillen in 1876 (or 1878), but this appears to be unlikely; married ca 1828, Robert COULTER; issue:
        a. James COULTER, born County Mayo, 1832; enlisted in the Royal Irish Constabulary, 1852, aged 20; at Cork City, 1857; emigrated to Tasmania; appointed Sub-Inspector of Police, Launceston, Mar 1858; Police Superintendent in Launceston; married Christiana Susan DEAN; with issue:
                i. John Phayre COULTER, born Tasmania, 1868; died 1893; married in Launceston, 7 Dec 1889, Isabella Julia Madre THOMPSON, the widow of William HURST, with issue two children who died in infancy, and a son William James COULTER (born 1892). Possibly pictured below, unless instead his brother James, although both perhaps too old:

 [Photo of a J. COULTER, 1894, as attending an International Exhibition in Hobart. Image courtesy of the State Library of Tasmania.]
                ii. James Dean COULTER, born 1869.
                iii. William Holmes COULTER, born 1871; the addressee of the letter; died of Consumption, 1892.
                iv. Ada Blanche COULTER, born 1874; died 1949; married Alfred BUNGEY.
                v. Alexander Gordon COULTER, born 1876; died 1912; married Ida Minnie Mary VINEY.
                vi. Ellen Elizabeth COULTER , born 1880.
                vii. Charles Mervyn COULTER, b 1882; died 1950; married Myrtle Irene RENDELL.
Eliza COULTER, a widow, House Keeper of 94 Church St, and recorded as a daughter of John PHAYRE, Farmer, married 2ndly at St Michan's C.of I., Dublin, 29 Jan 1849, Christopher KELLY, of full age, bachelor, Coal Merchant of 75 Church Street, Dublin, son of James KELLY, Clerk [see an image of the original registration entry in the Church Records section of  the web-site].Christopher KELLY, Coal Merchant, was directory listed at 14 Clanbrassil Street, Dublin, in 1842; and at 127 Church Street in 1862.
4. A youngest brother; went abroad; died before 1890.
5. John PHAYRE; a mere boy in ca 1828, so perhaps born ca 1815-20?
 A John PHAYRE, perhaps another, died " his residence, Althea" in County Limerick, on 2 Jan 1891, aged 70 [Limerick Chronicle], Reg'd Newcastle, Mar qtr [Vol.5, p.395].

In 1901, Ellen PHAYRE died in Liverpool, aged 102; the Nottingham Evening Post published the following obituary notice:
"Yesterday, the funeral took place, Liverpool, of Miss Ellen PHAYRE, who died a few days ago at the age of 102 years. Deceased, who was the daughter of the late Thomas PHAYRE, was born at Newton Forbes, in County Longford, where she resided until about 25 years ago, when she went to live with her brother at Dublin. She had a great aversion to travelling, but when her only brother died, her nephew invited her to L:iverpool, and in her 99th year she consented to make the journey."
There are certain marked similarities here to the story John PHAYRE told of his sister, then aged 86; except for the difference in father's names - John's sister Eliza COULTER was evidently a daughter of John PHAYRE, Farmer; but Ellen PHAYRE was recorded as a daughter of Thomas PHAYRE.

Ellen's family connections are as follows:

 Thomas PHAYRE; of Co Longford; marr with issue:
 1. Ellen PHAYRE, born Newton Forbes, Co Longford, ca 1799; lived in Newton Forbes until ca 1876; went to Dublin to reside with her brother; went to Liverpool, Lancs, ca 1899, to reside with her nephew; at 28 Nile Street, Liverpol, 1901 Census, aged 101, Living on own means, born Dublin, residing with her nephew John William PHAYRE & his family; she died at Nile Street, 28 Nov 1901; admin at Liverpool, 23 Dec 1901, to John William PHAYRE, Compositor, Effects £6:10:0; unmarried.
2. (son); married with issue:
     a. John William PHAYRE, born Castletown, Co Meath, ca 1851; at 30 Nile Street, Liverpool, 1891 Census, aged 40, Compositor Print, with wife & 2 sons; at 28 Nile St, Liverpool, 1901 Census, aged 48, Printer Compositor, with wife, 2 sons & maiden aunt; at 30 Nile Street, 1911 Census, aged 59, Compositor (Lino Operator), with wife & visitor; said to have died at Liverpool in 1916; married at Liverpool St Mark, Sep quarter 1879[Vol.8b, p.81] ,to  Charlotte GILDEA (born at Drumragh, Omagh, County Tyrone, 1850, daughter of Charles GILDEA & Ann ROGERS); she died at 31 Bank Road, Bootle, Lancs, 26 Sep 1935; probate granted to Alexander Gildea PHAYRE, Marine Chief Engineer, Effects £43:3:0; John & Charlotte had issue:
          i. Alexander Gildea PHAYRE, born Liverpool, 16 Feb 1882; aged 10, with parents, 1891; aged 20, with parents, 1901; died at sea, 5 Jun 1940 [Tower Hill Memorial, Panel 30, S.S. City of Worcester," Liverpool]; married at Liverpool, Jun quarter 1907 [Vol.8b, p.245], to Agnes BAXTER (1886-1971); issue - a son John Sydney PHAYRE, born 1909; died 1984; married Elsie WARRINER (1909-2003), with issue.
          ii. John Charles PHAYRE, born Liverpool, 1886; aged 4, with parents, 1891; aged 14, with parents, 1901; died at Bucklow, Cheshire, Mar 1923; he married at St Peter's, Liverpool, 31 May 1910, his cousin Charlotte Gildea STANLEY (born 1886,a  daughter of William STANLEY, Commercial Traveller, by his wife Eliza Jane GILDEA, & a sister of George Ernest STANLEY, the maternal grandfather of the Beatle John LENNON), the ceremony being performed by R.H. PHAYRE, Curate; issue - a daughter Irene Elizabeth PHAYRE, born 1910.

If Ellen was the sister of John PHAYRE, then it is just possible that he was John WIlliam PHAYRE's father? 


Another member of the PHAIR family, associated with Castlerea (Barony), was Thomas PHAIR, evidently dead before Dec 1855 (son George's marriage registration), and a Landowner (son Thomas's 2nd marriage registration, 1859) or Shoemaker (son Thomas's 1st marriage registration, 1847), who is said (by a Victorian descendant) to have married in 1822 at Ballintober (probably the parish in Castlerea Barony adjoining Kilkeevin parish, sometimes spelt Ballintubber - as opposed to the village of Ballintubber in Erris Barony, County Mayo), to Margaret HIGGINS, living in 1855, and by her had issue, five of whom evidently emigrated to, or at some time lived in, Australia:

1. Eleanor PHAIR. No further particulars.
2. Thomas PHAIR, born Parish of Kilkeevin, Castlerea, ca 1825 [Attestation Papers]; enlisted in the 40th Regiment, at Liverpool, 30 May 1843, aged 18, born Kilkeevin Parish, Castlerea, Co Roscommon, Labourer, unmarried; Sergeant, N.C.O.'s & Drummers List, 40th Regt, joined H.Q., 14 Feb 1846 [Attestation Papers, Vol 15-20]; the Regiment did Garrison duty in England & Ireland; probably the Sergeant PHAYRE, 40th Regiment, garrisoned at Arbour Hill Barracks, Dublin, 1849, when his wife & son died; Thomas probably arrived in Melbourne with the 40th Regiment, 19 Oct 1852, on the troopship H.M.'s screw steamer Vulcan from Cork (15 Jul) via Cape of Good Hope (13 Sep), disembarking in Melbourne on 4 Nov after being quarantined for small pox (probably with brother George); severed his connection with the 40th Regiment before 1859; Office Keeper, Victorian Railways, Collingwood, 1859; Gate Keeper, Victorian Railways, 1878; died at Abbotsford Street, Melbourne, 16 Dec 1878 #12106 (born Roscommon, but parents not named); Thomas, a Sergeant, 40th Regiment, in Barracks at Leeds, son of Thomas PHAIR, Shoemaker, married 1stly, at Leeds Parish Church, 27 Aug 1847, Caroline CRISP, aged 20, daughter of William CRISP, Shoemaker, of Kirkgate, Leeds, & Reg'd Sep qtr 1847 [Vol.23, p.367]; Caroline, the wife of Sergeant PHAYRE, 40th Regiment, died at Arbour Hill Barracks, Apr 1849, of Cholera, and was buried at the Military Cemetery there, 13 Apr, aged 21 (although the year & month do not match the next detail); aged 33, a Widower (20 Aug 1849), Office Keeper, Railways Department, Collingwood (usual residence Melbourne), when he married 2ndly, at St Mark's Church, Collingwood, 3 Dec 1859, Margaret DUNN (daughter of Andrew DUNN & Maria McPHERSON), aged 20, Spinster, of Collingwood, witnessed by Edward DUNN & John PHAIR (undoubtedly his brother); Margaret died at South Melbourne, 20 Dec 1885 #13085, aged 45; issue:
     a. Thomas George PHAYRE born ca Aug 1848; died Arbour Hill Barracks, Dublin, Mar 1849, of Infection of the Lungs, & buried in the Military Cemetery there, 18 Mar, aged 7 months (one dead child was indicated in his father's 2nd marriage registration, 1859).
     b. Andrew Thomas PHAIR, born 1860; died Balwyn, 1923 #13479, aged 63; married Vic, 1887, Christiana Sarah NEWBOLD; issue:
          i. Chrissie Irene PHAIR, born ca 1891; died Vic, 1962 #18999, aged 70; unmarried.
     c. Arthur Henry PHAIR, born 1862; informed his father's death, Dec 1878, of Abbotsford Street,West Melbourne; died 1937.
     d. Frederick William PHAIR, born 1863; living 1878.
     e. Christopher James PHAIR, born 1865; died 1938.
     f. Maria Julia or Juliet PHAIR, born 1869; died 1870.
     g. Alexis Margaret PHAIR, born 1873; died Vic, 1875 #4659, aged 1.
     h. Camilla PHAIR, born 1875; living 1878.
     j. Hercules John PHAIR, born 1877; died St Arnaud, 1897 #3961, aged 19.
3. George PHAIR, born Roscommon, ca 1828; Sergeant, Grenadier Company, 40th Regiment; probably arrived in Melbourne, 19 Oct 1852, on H.M.'s screw steamer "Vulcan" from Cork via Cape of Good Hope, probably with his elder brother Thomas (& perhaps with his younger brother John); on Garrison duty in Melbourne, 1855, 1856, 1859; served in the N.Z. Wars, Jul 1860 (he wrote from N.Z. to his brother Mr A. PHAIR in Melbourne); in N.Z, Boxing Day, 1864, when he took part in a sports carnival with the 40th & 65th Regiments, and was announced winner of the third event, race of the "Old Duke's men"; the Regiment returned to Britain, 1865, & performed garrison duties in England & Ireland until 1872; George was enumerated at 1 Drill Hall, Carisbrooke, Newport, Hampshire, 1871 Census, aged 41, Serjeant Instructing Volunteers, born Ireland, with wife Lucy (43) & two children; George died at St Stephen's Hospital, Dublin, Dec 1876, aged 46, late 40th Regiment (notice in Freeman's Dublin Journal, 1 Jan 1877, which requested Australian newspapers to copy); George was aged 27 when he married, at the Cathedral Church of St James, Melbourne, by the Rites of the Church of England & Ireland, on 27 Dec 1855 #3139, Lucy HARRIS, aged 27, a Widow (daughter of Robert SPEARMAN, Tiler, dec'd, & Lucy THOMPSON), witnessed by John PHAIR (sign) - this registration recorded George's father as deceased, mother as living; Lucy was with her husband & family in Hampshire, 1871 Census, aged 43, born Ireland; she returned to Australia on the ship. "Westmeath" from London via Hobart, arriving Sydney, 28 Jun 1884, with her 2 children; Lucy PHAIR died at King Street, Camberwell, Vic, 9 Mar 1904, aged 77 (parents named in index); issue:
     a. William George PHAIR, born Melbourne, 1856 #1134; died at Sandridge Battery, near Melbourne, Feb 1858, aged 16 mos.
     b. George Spearman PHAIR, born Melbourne, 1859 #6280; died at Spencer Street Barracks, 2 May 1860, aged 14 mos.
     c. Lucinda Margaret PHAIR, birth Registered  New Zealand 1864 #26245, daughter of George & Lucinda; probably born at Abercrombie Street (Auckland?), 20 Dec 1863, daughter of Sergeant Gorge PHAIR, 40th Regiment [New Zealander, 31 Dec 1862]; aged 7, Scholar, with parents, 1871 Census; aged 20 when she returned to Australia, 1884; she died in South Australia, 3 Aug 1936, evidently unmarried.
     d. John Thomas PHAIR, born Newport, Hampshire, Reg'd Isle of Wight, Dec qtr 1870 [Vol.2b, p.511]; aged 6 mos, with parents, 1871 Census; aged 14 on arrival in Australia, 28 Jun 1884; Anglican Minister in Adelaide, Narracoorte, Sydney, Balmain,,& Wentworth Falls; returned to England, 9 Apr 1952, on the S.S. Ormonde from Brisbane; died in Surrey, Dec qtr 1953, aged 83; John married at Melbourne, 2 Oct 1907, Emily Beatrice VAUGHAN; issue two daughters, one died a child.
4. William PHAIR, born ca 1827; possibly arrived in Melbourne, Dec 1858, aged 30, on the ship "Shooting Star" (with sister Margaret); appointed one of two assistants to the Superintendent of the Melbourne City Abattoirs, Dec 1860; William PHAIR was found drowned in the River Yarra, near the Australian Wharf, 27 Aug 1863, aged 36, his body being identified by his brother Mr John PHAIR; the funeral proceeded from the house of his brother, Mr John PHAIR, 15 Leveson Street, Hotham; the Index to his death registration recorded his parents as Thomas PHAIR and Margaret HIGGINGS; buried at Melbourne General Cemetery, North Carlton.

 [The PHAIR-KINNAIRD grave in Melbourne General Cemetery. Image courtesy of Sue MAIO, of Melbourne.]
5. John PHAIR, born ca 1831, the 4th son; he emigrated to Victoria, perhaps having arrived in Sydney, 6 Sep 1852, on the ship "Architect" from San Franciso (dep 17 Jul) - or instead with his brother George & the 40th Regiment on H.M.'s Screw steamer "Vulcan", arrived in Melbourne, 19 Oct 1852, from Cork via Cape of Good Hope (this may have been instead the eldest brother Thomas); witnessed his brother George's marriage in Melbourne, Dec 1855; probably a member of the company band of the 40th Regiment, Nov 1857, when he found & destroyed some venomous reptiles near the Botanic Gardens while returning from the Industrial Exhibition; said to have been discharged from the 40th Regiment, 28 Feb 1859; Collector of Rates, Latrobe Ward, Melbourne City Council; witnessed his brother Thomas's 2nd marriage at Collingwood, Dec 1859; at 68 Stanley Street, West Melbourne, 1863; Commission Agent, 1 Queen Street, Melbourne, private residence Station Street, Carlton, 1865; Accountant, Neave's Buildings, Collins Street East, p.r. Station Street, Carlton, 1867; Accountant & City Rate Collector, p.r. Station Street, Carlton, 1868; Grand Master of the Loyal Orange Institution of Victoria; council of the Protestant Friendly Alliance Society, & committee member of the Victoria Permanent Building Society.
John died at Richmond, Tasmania, while on a visit to his wife's family in Hobart, 15 Feb 1870 #505, aged 38, as he set out on an excursion with Mr LYON, as the result of heart disease; his body was shipped back to Melbourne on the "Southern Cross" for burial; his funeral was appointed to leave his late residence, Station Street, Carlton, 26 Feb, for Melbourne General Cemetery.
John married at St James's Cathedral, Melbourne, 11 Jul 1861 #2387, Emma ALLAN, 4th daur of Mr John ALLAN of Tasmania; she married 2ndly, at East Melbourne, 26 Sep 1871, Hugh SHORT; John & Emma had issue:
     a. Augustus John PHAIR, born 68 Stanley Street, West Melbourne, 13 Jul 1862 [Argus, Sat 19 Jul]; died Melbourne, 4 Dec 1938 #11094, aged 75 (parents named), late of 108 Churchill Avenue, Subiaco & P.W.Dept, Perth; married at the Methodist Church, Fitzroy Street, St Kilda, 23 Jan 1917, Maude WOOD, youngest daughter of the late John & Mary WOOD of High Street, St Kilda.
     b. Georgiana PHAIR, born Emerald Hill, 1864 #21642.
     c. William Nassau PHAIR, born Carlton, 1866 #98672nd son; died at his step-father Hugh SHORT's residence, cnr of Station & Key Streets, Carlton, May 1876.
     d. John, born Melbourne, 1868 #0571; probably posted an In Memoriam notice to his Aunt Margaret KINNAIRD, Feb 1920.
     e. (daur), still-born at Nassau Cottage, Station Street, Carlton, 10 Dec 1869.
6. Margaret PHAIR, born Roscommon ca 1836 (her parents identified as Thomas PHAIR & Margaret HIGGINS in both her 1874 marriage & 1919 death Registrations); emigrated to Victoria; possibly arrived Melbourne, Dec 1858, aged 23, on the ship "Shooting Star" (with her bother William); at 176 Cardigan Street, Carlton, with husband David, a Contractor, Melbourne Division, 1909 & 1914; she was at 673 Lygon St, Carlton, Home Duties, Batman Division, 1919; she died at her residence, Never (sic - perhaps instead ? Nether) Drumley, 672 Lygon Street, North Carlton, Sat 1 Mar 1919 #998, aged 82 [Argus, 28 Feb 1920 - "In Memoriam" notice inserted " her affectionate ward and nephew, John PHAIR"]; she was aged 28, a spinster "with friends" at Lygon St, Carlton, when she married, at St James's Church, Melbourne, 13 Jun 1874 #1336, David KINNAIRD (Carpenter, aged 28, Bachelor, of Drummond St, Carlton, born Fifeshire, son of Christopher KINNAIRD, Stonemason, & Christina SPENCE), witnessed James MITCHELL & Sophia COOKE; David died at Carlton North, 1916 #986, aged 70 (parents named); Margaret evidently acted as guardian to her brother John's children after their mother re-married, & the terms of John's will appears to have been disregarded - as reported in Oct 1879 in a suit of Georgina, Augustus & John PHAIR, infants, brought on by David KINNAIRD, "...their next friend," against W.A. POWELL & A.E. SHORT (the children's mother), Trustees of the will of John PHAIR deceased [Argus, Melbourne, 21 Oct 1879].

 [Detail of the KINNAIRD-PHAIR gravestone in Melbourne General Cemeter. Image courtesy of Sue MAIO of Melbourne.]

A RUTHERFORD pedigree on records details of the following family, not all of which details are yet corroborated (it is quite possible that the end result may be a conflation of two or more different families):
Thomas PHAIR, born at Castlerea, County Roscommon, 1820; married ca 1840, MULROONEY (or ? perhaps MULLANNY); issue:
1. Anne PHAIR; no dates. Possibly at Gardiner's Row, Rotunda, Dublin, 1901 Census, aged 45, with her sister Margaret.
2. John PHAIR; no dates.
3. Kate PHAIR; no dates. Possibly at Gardiner's Row, Rotunda, Dublin, 1901 Census, aged 43, with her sister Margaret; ditto 1911, aged 47; possibly died at South Dublin, Sep qtr 1928, aged 70.
4. Margaret PHAIR; no dates. Possibly at Gardiner's Row, Rotunda, Dublin, 1901 Census, aged 50, Unmarried, born Roscommon, Boarding House Keeper, with sisters Annie (45) & Kate (43), both unmarried & born Co Roscommon, with 12 Boarders; ditto, 1911 Census, aged 50, Unmarr, with sister Kate (47)  & 10 boarders; probably died at South Dublin, Dec qtr 1929, aged 86.
5. Peter PHAIR, b 1842; died 1922. Identified by RUTHERFORD as the spouse of Martha DONALDSON. However, it appears likely that this Peter was the one granted Administration of Peter PHAIR of Longford, Castlerea, in 1874, of the estates he later occupied, and who was his father (not Thomas). See below.
6. Casper PHAIR, born 1847; died 1933. These dates fit Casper of Lillooet, B.C., but his parents were identified in his B.C. marriage registration as Peter & Sarah PHAIR. See also below.

However, it does appear that the following lineage is beginning to look the more likely:
Peter PHAIR, born ca 1799 (could he have been a son of Casper PHAYRE?); lessee (in 1858) of a House, Office 51 acres of land, and another parcel of 12 acres of land, in the Townland of Longford, Parish of Kilkeevin, (Griffith's Valuation), from Wm P.W. SANDFORD, assessed at £34 & £11 resp; Peter was also the lessor of a House & Office to Samuel PHAIR, and a House & Garden to Michael MULLANNY, same Townland, assessed at 15s & £1 resp; and he was lessee (again from SANDFORD) of 22 acres in the Townland of Rampark, Parish of Kilkeevin, assessed at £16 p.a.; he probably died at Castlerea, 1874, aged 74 [Vol.4, p.85]; Letters of Administration dated 11 Feb 1875, for Robert PHAIR, late of Longford, Co Roscommon, who died at Longford Cottage, 14 Feb 1874, granted to his son Peter PHAIR, of Castlerea, Farmer, the residuary legatee; probably married Sarah MULROONEY; she was probably the Sarah PHAIR who died at Castlerea in 1867, aged 53 [Vol.4, p.113]; it is now evident that they had the following issue:
1. John PHAIR, born Castlerea, Roscommon, ca 1838; emigrated to Queensland, ca 1861; died in Maryborough Hospital, Qld, 18 Jan 1887 #C2585, Carpenter, aged 48, born Roscommon; father recorded (in error - see marriage registration) as John PHAIR, Carpenter, & mother as Sarah MULROONEY; in Qld 25 years; he was married at Barambah, near Gayndah, Qld, 16 Sep 1872, aged 33, Miner, of Ban Ban, Bachelor (parents Robert PHAIR, Farmer, and Sarah MULROONEY), to Elizabeth HENRY, 34, Widow, born Perth, Scotland (parents William RICHARDS & Sarah BROUGHAM); no issue.
2. Peter PHAIR, born 1842; he was probably(unless instead a cousin) of Longford House (or Cottage), Castlerea, Aug 1877, when he won third prize (and first prize in the second class) for the best thoroughbred short-horn bull calved in 1876, and a second prize for best heifer calved in 1876 (Roscommon Farming Society Show, Castlerea); in Aug 1899, at another County Roscommon Agricultural Society Show, several prizes were awarded to Peter PHAIR of Rampark House, Castlerea; Peter was residing at Rampark, Castlerea, Roscommon, 1901 Census, aged 59, Farmer, with wife & 2 sons; again at Rampark, 1911 Census, Farmer, married 38 years, with wife, 4 children surviving from 5; he died at Castlerea, 1922, aged 80, Reg'd Mar qtr 1923 [Vol.4, p.83]; married 1872, Martha DONALDSON; she was born Co Londonderry, ca 1846; with issue:
     a. Henrietta Margaret PHAIR, born Kilkeevin Parish, Co Roscommon, 30 Nov 1873; died 1891.
     b. William Lloyd PHAIR, born Kilkeevin, 2 Feb 1875; died 1959; married Marcella MOORE, with issue.
     c. John Percy PHAIR, born Kilkeevin, 1 Nov 1876; T.C.Dublin; D.D.; Dean of Kilkenny &Ossory, 1923-40; Bishop of Ossory, Ferns &Leighlin, 1940-61; died 28 Dec 1967,aged 91, & buried at St CAnice's Cathedral, Kilkenny; marr 1stly, Alice MAud, who died 20 May 1945, aged 61, & was buried at Deansgrange Cemetery, Dublin; John married 2ndly, 30 Jul 1958, Pauline Beryl EUSTACE, who died 4 May 1990, having had issue a daughter..
     d. Edgar James PHAIR, born Dec qtr 1879; aged 21, with parents, 1910.
     e. Casper Alexander PHAIR, born Castlerea, Sep qtr 1881; a call Steward for Veterinary Surgeons, County Roscommon Agricultural Society Show, Aug 1900; as Casper, aged 19, with parents, 1901; emigrated to Canada, May 1908; died at Kamloops, B.C., 30 Sep 1961, aged 80; married Nannie JONES; she was with her widowed mother Mary JONES (aged 62) in Castlerea, 1911 Census, with her son; they had issue:
          i. John Leslie PHAIRE, born Kingston, Surrey, Jun qtr 1908; as Leslie PHAIR, aged 3, with mother & maternal grandmother, 1911 Census.
3. Casper PHAIR, born at Castlerea, Roscommon, 28 Feb 1847 (parents recorded as Peter & Sarah PHAIR in his B.C. marriage registration); said to have gone to America ca 1877 with a brother on board a ship which rounded Cape Horn, depositing the brother in San Francisco, and Casper at Vancouver, whence he journeyed inland up the Fraiser River Valley & settled at Lillooet, B.C.; there he was a Teacher, Government Agent, Magistrate, Coroner, Gold Commissioner, Fire Chief & Game Warden; he aslo ran a general store; at County Yale & Cariboo, B.C., 1901 Census, aged 52, with wife Cerise (aged 48), 2 sons, & Ah LEE (Cook, aged 35, born China); Casper died at Vancouver, 24 Mar 1933; he was married by License, at the residence of his future step-father-in-law, The Grange, near Pavillion, B.C., on 29 Jul 1879, to Cerise Armit EYRE, aged 27 (born Corfu, daughter of W.A. EYRE) who had also emigrated from Ireland in 1861 with her mother Maria & MARTLEY step-father; Cerise also died in 1933; they built a house, ca 1880's,  which they named Longford House (said to have been the name of an EYRE family house in Co Galway - but his probable brother Peter PHAIR was of Longford House, Castlerea, in Aug 1877).

 [Longford House, Lillooet, 1896, showing Casper & Cerise, their two sons Arthy & Herbert, & Ah LEE, their chinese servant.
Image courtesy of City of Vancouver Archives, Item Out P739.] 
They had issue, including:
     a. Arthur William Armitt PHAIR, born 1880; aged 21, with parents, 1901 Census; died 1967; he had a son Harold.Arhur Eyre PHAIR (born ca 1913), and a daughter Mabel.
     b. Herbert Lewis PHAIR, born B.C., 17 Jun 1884; aged 16, with parents, 1901 Census; Private, 102nd Battalion,Canadian Infantry, enlisted at Vancouver, 14 Jan 1916, next-of-kin Mrs PHAIR,Lillooet, B.C. R.N. 703288.

[A group portrait in front of Longford House, Lillooet, ca 1897, including Mr & Mrs John MARSHALL, Emma Jane MARSHALL, 
Mr & Mrs Casper A. PHAIR, Mr & Mrs J.p. FORDE, Mrs A.W. SMITH, Mr SLIPPER, Herbert Lewis PHAIR, 
Colonel REEVES, Major BURNETT, J. Brisco CHERRY & Mr McKINNON. 
Photo taken by Major James Skitt MATTHEWS. Image courtesy of Vancouver City Archives, Ref Out P748.]
4. James PHAIR, born Castlerea, Roscommon, 6 Jul 1853; probably sailed with his brother Casper around Cape Horn, ca 1877, and disembarked in San Francisco; evidently went on to British Columbia shortly after; built the Goldstream Hotel, 1887 (designed by Architect Elmer H. FISHER), on Humpback Road, at one time site of the last european residence for 25 miles, but eventually well placed between the Railway Station and the Goldstream River to attract large numbers day-trippers on excursions from Victoria, on the recently completed first section of E.&N. Railway line:
[The Goldstream Hotel, built ca 1885-86; destroyed by fire in 1923. Image courtesy of the web-site.]
The Hotel was eventually sold by James & his business partner Arthur SLATER, probably to William & Mary ("Ma") MILLER in 1910; James was at D. Vancouver, B.C., 1901 Census, aged 46, with wife Mary (aged 40), 4 children & 11 Domestics/Lodgers, a number of them being Chinese; he died at Vancouver, 17 Aug 1842, aged 89, Widower (birth date recorded, father Peter PHAIRE); aged 27 (born Castlerea, parents Robert & Sarah PHAIR) when married at Vancouver,18 Apr 1881, Mary GILMOUR, aged 22 (born Co Antrim, Ireland, parents Joseph & Nancy GILMOUR); she died at Vancouver, 1 Sep 1932, aged 74; issue:
     a. Florence Adelaide PHAIR, born Victoria, B.C., 16 Feb 1882; aged 18, with parents, 1901; married Victoria, B.C., 12 Apr 1919, George KIDD.
     b. Frances Mabel PHAIR, born Victoria, B.C., 31 Jul 1883; aged 17, with parents, 1901; married at Victoria, B.C., 19 Jul 1911, George HArtley Vincent BURROUGHS.
     c. Viola Beatrice PAHAIR, born Victoria, B.C., 18 Feb 1885; aged 14, with partents, 1901; died Vancouver, 28 Mar 1932, aged 41; unmarried.
     d. James Harold PHAIR, born Victoria, B.C., 31 Oct 1888; aged 12, born Goldstream, B.C., with parents, 1901.
There is no corroboration, as yet, as to whether the three PHAIR sisters (Margaret, born ca 1843; Ann born ca 1846; Kate born ca 1857), running the Boarding House in Rotunda, Dublin, in 1901, were also part of this family. The possibility exists, & if so, they would have been the 3rd, 4th & 7th children.
Probably related to Christopher PHAIR, the alleged father of:
1. Samuel PHAIR, born ca 1798; probably the lessee of a House & Office, in the Townland of Longford, Parish of Kilkeevin, (Griffith's Valuation - 1858), on a sub-lease from Peter PHAIR, assessed value 15s p.a.; he probably died at Castlerea, 1872, aged 73 [Vol.14 (sic), p.81 - other registrations for Castlereagh have Volume 4]; possibly married at Kilkeevin Parish, Roscommon, 20 Jun 1855, Mary ROCHFORD or ROCHFARD (Samuel's paternity is recorded in the marriage registration) - but perhaps this Samuel was a bit older .
Perhaps Christopher also had a son named Peter, and perhaps another named Thomas?
Perhaps Christopher & was a misrepresentation of Casper, or the latter a corruption of an abbreviated form of ChRI[?=A]StoPhER?

A John PHAIR served in the 44th Regiment of Foot, and was discharged aged 35, probably at the Royal Hospital, Kilmainham, in the date range of 1813-1816; if his discharge date was 1816, this puts his birth ca 1780-81, & his service ca 3 years; his birthplace was recorded as Kilteevan, Longford [TNA - WO 119/35/183].
I know of no Parish of Kilteevan in County Longford, but there is a civil parish of that name in County Roscommon, lying about 6 km east of the Town of Roscommon. I had initially wondered whether this Army entry had been interpreted in error for Kilkeevin, Townland of Longford, in Co Roscommon?
A Robert PHAIR was Lieutenant, 44th Regiment, in India, 1837 (marriage to Mary Ann YORK); & Sergeant, same Regiment, still in India, 1840 (birth of their daughter Maria). Perhaps related to John.

Another John PHAIR served in the 88th Regiment of Foot as a Corporal during the Peninsular Campaign (Regimental Medals List, 20 Jun 1818). The 88th was otherwise known as the Connaught Rangers, and there was a John PHAIR who enlisted in that Regiment in Dumfries in Dec 1804; and was said to have been born in 1786 in St John's Parish, County Sligo [Barbara PHAYRE's "Cromwell's Legacy," App. 4, p.104].
Another John PHAYRE also served in the 88th, and was discharged at age 39, date range 1831-52, his birthplace recorded as Crohan, Co Roscommon [TNA - WO 97/975/64]. His date of birth is indicated as ca 1812.


Yet another PHAIR family was associated with the Barony of Boyle, in the most north-eastern part of County Roscommon:
1. James PHAIR, born Boyle, Roscommon, ca 1779; Breechesmaker; enlisted in the Army at Chatham, 1 Dec 1795; 1st Bn, 58th Foot, in Malta, Sep 1805, aged 26; formery Roscommon Militia; discharged in 1827, aged 47 [T.N.A., Ref - WO 97/1106/4].
2. Thomas PHAIR, born Boyle, Roscommon, ca 1784; Labourer; enlisted in the Army at Roscommon, 10 Apr 1803; 1st Bn, 58th Regiment of Foot, in Malta, Sep 1805, aged 21; died of wounds, 25 Apr 1806.
3. Edward PHAIR, born Boyle, Roscommon, 1810, son of John PHAIR & Alice MULLANEY [a MULLANEY pedigree on]; emigrated to the U.S.; at Newhaven, Addison County, Vermont, 1850 Census, aged 40, Manufacturer, born Ireland, with wife Mary (40, b Ireland), & 6 children; at Vergennes, Addison County, Vermont, 1860 Census, aged 50, Woollen Mfr, with wife & 6 ch'n; at Elizabethtown, Essex County, New York, 1879 Census, aged 59, Woollen Mfr, with wife & 2 daurs; he died 12 Mar 1873, & buried Prospect Cemetery, Vermont, aged 67; married Mary Jane PRESTON; she was at Vergennes, Vermont, 1880 Census, aged 70, Keeps House, with her sister Sarah PRESTON (aged 66, born Ireland); Mary died in 1888; issue:
     a. Henry PHAIR, born U.S., ca 1837; aged 12, with parents, 1850 (born Vermont); aged 21, with parents, 1860 (born N.Y.); died 1898.
     b. Eliza PHAIR, born Vermont, ca 1840, aged 9, with parents, 1850; aged 19, with parents, 1860.
     c. John PHAIR, born Vermont, ca 1844; aged 5, with parents, 1850; aged 15, with parents, 1860; died 1879.
     d. Edward PHAIR, born Vermont, ca 1845; aged 4, with parents, 1850; aged 13, with parents, 1860..
     e. Sarah J. PHAIR, born Vermont, ca 1847; aged 2, with parents, 1850; aged 11, with parents, 1860;  aged 21, with parents, 1870; died 1929.
     f. Mary PHAIR, born Vermont, 1849; aged 4 mos, with parents, 1850; aged 10, with parents, 1860; aged 19, with parents, 1870; died 1915.


Robert FAIR; of Lavally, Co Mayo, 1774; of Ballyjennings, Kilmainmore Parish, Co Mayo, 1788, 1802; purchased the lands of Greggagh, near Foxford, Co Galway, 1809, from James DALY of Dunsandle, Co Galway; died in 1837; married with issue:
1. John FAIR; of Creggagh, Co Mayo; died 1877; married Maria RUTTLEDGE, a daughter of David RUTTLEDGE, of Tawnaghnore, Kilbeford; probable issue:
        a. David Ruttledge FAIR; of Foxford, Co Mayo, when married at St Peter's (C.of I.), Dublin, 11 Nov 1876, Kate Emily GAWLEY, of Clanbrassil Place, Dublin (witnessed by William FAIR).
2. Robert FAIR, poss born ca 1791; of Bushfield, Kilcommon, Co Mayo; of Forthville, Co Mayo, 1816; died Hollymount, Co Mayo, 26 Sep 1856; married Letitia RUTTLEDGE, another daughter of David RUTTLEDGE of Tawnaghmore; she died 24 Feb 1878, aged 86; issue:
        a. Jane FAIR, born 1832; died 1905; of 42 North George Street, Dublin, when married at St Thomas's (C.of I.), Dublin, 18 Aug 1851, Thomas RUTTLEDGE of Bloomfield; issue:
                i. Robert RUTTLEDGE, born 1852; adpoted the additional surname FAIR; died 1912.
        b. Campbell FAIR, born 1840; died 1868.
3. Thomas FAIR, the 3rd son; of Fortville, Co Mayo; later of Millmount, Co Galway; married by the Rev F. RUTTLEDGE of Bloomfield at Kilmain Parish Church, Co Mayo, 24 Aug 1840, to Margaret LYNCH, 2nd daur of Captain LYNCH of Ballycarrin Castle.

Robert may have had a sister Elizabeth FAIR, who was the wife of Thomas RUTTLEDGE.

Robert FAIR, born ca 1766; of Lavally, Ballinrobe, County Mayo; married Catherine GIBBONS of Westport, Co Mayo; issue:
1. Campbell FAIR, born 1800; of Lavally; married Annie Jane BRUCE.
2. Robert FAIR, born 1805; of Dublin & Galway; married Margaret McCREERY.
3. John FAIR, born 1809; of Ballino; of Alleymass, Co Mayo, when he married at St Peter's (C.of I.), Dublin, 2 Jul 1839, Maria WILSON of Up Baggot Street, Dublin.
4. Honoria FAIR; marr Meade N. WRIGHT of Co Kilkenny.
5. Eliza FAIR, born 1811; married Richard GOULDING of Shrule.

Robert FAIR; of Lavally, Co Mayo; his 3rd son was:
3. John FAIR; Executor of his father's will, 1820; married with issue:
    a. Mary Anne FAIR.
    b. Robert FAIR.
    c. Thomas Willson FAIR; of 17 Up Rutland St, Dublin; witnessed his sister Kate's marriage in 1860; of 8 Upper Gloucester Street, Dublin, when married at St Thomas's (C.of I.), Dublin, 15 Aug 1861, Frances F. SMITH, of 49 Lower Gardiner Street, witnessed Campbell FAIR.
    d. Kate FAIR; of 8 Upper Gloucester Street, Dublin, when she married, St Thomas's (C.of I.), Dublin, 14 Jun 1860, Robert A.B. JENNINGS, Esq, of Dominick Street, Dublin.
    e. Jane FAIR.
    f. Campbell FAIR.
    g. Adelaide FAIR; married FLETCHER.
    h. John FAIR.

Some of the above details, presented in different family groups, may turn out to be for the same Robert FAIR.


Perhaps the most accurate information I have yet encountered concerning the life & times of the above name "Regicide" was published over four issues of the Journal of the Cork Historical and Achaeological Society, between 1924 and 1927. It was written by William H. WELPLY, and was entitled "Colonel Robert PHAIRE, 'Regicide.' His Ancestry, History and Descendants," and up-dated the set of earlier papers he had published in Notes & Queries, Vol.12, (1923), 123-5 & 143-6.

I feel it important enough, and of sufficient scholarly clout, that it should once again see the light of day. Of great significance is the fact the WELPLY had access to a multitude of original sources then deposited in the Public Record Office, Dublin, and housed in the Four Courts Building. Most of these irreplaceable documents were destroyed in fires started by artillery bombardments in 1922, one round of salvoes by British artillery, and the later round by Irish Free State artillery, both designed to winkle out remnants of I.R.A. operatives using it as a hiding place.
These abstracts, of documents so lost, now have the de-facto status of primary sources, and are highlighted in red.

Therefore I reproduce it herewith:


Colonel Robert PHAIRE, "Regicide."
His Ancestry, History, and Descendants.

By kind permission of the Editor of Notes and Queries, use has been made of the articles on this subject published by the present writer in thet journal on February 17th, 1823, and in subsequent numbers, additions being made from the original manuscripts, since discovered, in the possession of Sir Arthur PHAYRE, of Oxford, and from other sources.

The name of "PHAIRE" is variously spelled and, in its differing forma, is widely diffused. In the form of "FAIR" it is s Scottish name, found in Ulster, also in Cork, in Mayo, and in other counties of Ireland. It occurs, too, in the forms of:- FARE, FAYER, FER, FERE, FERRE, PHAER, PHAIER, PHAYRE, PHERE, PHEYRE, and last and strangest, PHIDIER of PHIEIER. Emanuel PHIDIER (or PHIEIER), afterwards described as Emanuel PHAYER, is overseer of the will, and son-in-law, of George PRIDEAUX of Sutcombe, Devon (P.C.C., 1021 Grey, 1 May 1649, probate 2 Apr 1651). In the form of "FERE" the name presumably has derivation from "fere" - a companion, e.g. "my trusty fere." In England too the name is widely spread, and, so far as is known, over a much longer period than in Ireland. We find Guido FERRE of the Manor of Ilketeleshale, 14 Edward I; Guydo FERRE, Junr, 20 and 30 Edward I; Guido FERRE and Alianora his wife, 1 Edward II; Dame Alianore FERRE, widow, in a subsequent law-suit about the Manor of Benhall, Saxmundham, Suffolk {'A Calendar of the Feet of Fines for Suffolk,' Walter RYE); and the same Dame Alianora FERR holding the right of pre-emption in the house of Hugh de MARNY, Rector of Norton, near the town of St Edmund, on the Ides of August, 1334 (Calendar Wills of the Court of Husting, i, 401). In 'N. & Q.' 5 S. viii. 47, it is asserted that Colonel Robert PHAIRE,the subject of this essay, bore the same Arms as Sir Guy FERE or Benhall. In the Suffolk Green Books, being the Return for Subsidy granted in 1523 and of the Hearth Tax in 1674, respectively, we find William FAYER, Henry FER (FERRE), John FER, Robert FER, and William FER in the former year, and in the latter year the name of FAYER occurs twice, and PHARE (William of Bury St Edmund's) once.
     The Parish Registers of Stoke-by-Clare, Suffolk, 1538-1613, give us: Mary and William PHARE (1566-67), Alice FARE (1568), Susan and William FAYERS (1570), Joan and William FAYRE (1575), William FAYER (1580), he widow PHAYERS (1587), and Robert FAYER (1635).
     We find Walter FAYRE of St Mary Alderbury, 8 May 1618 ('Harleian Registers,' vol. v. 158); Elizabeth PHERE, widow, of St James's Clerkenwell, 7 Oct 1643 (ib, vol. xvii); Sara FFAYRE, 1603, Aug 24 ("Register of Shere, Surrey'); Robert FAYRE ('Visitations of Norfolk,' Harl Soc vol. xxxii, 229); John FAIRE of London, Apothecary (ibid, vol. xxxvii); Susannah and Humphrey FAIRE, St Denis Backchurch, London, 16 Jul 1635 ('Harleian Registers,' iii. 104); Thomas FAIRE, 13 Apr 1666, of St James's Clerkenwell (id, xii, 123); Jazchre (?Zachary) FARE of Pittsey, Essex (id, xxiii, 262); Johanna FAYER, 2 Dec 1564, of St Sepulchre's, London (id, xxiii, 29); Richard FARE of Evesham (id, xxi, 22); John FARE, John FAYRE, John FAYRE (index Library - Northampton and Rutland Wills, 1545-48, pp. 161, 207, 238); Philip FAIRE (1562), John Maria FAIRE (1551), John FAYREY (1541), Elizabeth FAYRE (1555), Henry FARE (1618) and many others (P.C.C. Wills); Margaret FARE (Gloucestershire Wills); Thomas FAIRE (1716, Bristol Wills).
     It has been suggested that the name PHAIRE is of foreign origin, in support of which may be quoted: 'List of Strangers, 1567-8. At John JOHNSON hys house, Dowch, not Denizens, Arnold FAYRE' (Genealogical Mag. i. 239).
     In 1376 the Wiltshire Inquisitions reveal a Thomas FAIRE at Daunton. Thomas PHAER (1510-1560, the translator of Virgil, is said to have been the son of Thomas PHAER of Norwich, but it is worthy of note that in his 'The Regiment of Life,' printed at London in 113, the name is spelled "PHAIRE" [fn 1 - the name is spelled "PHAYRE" in Barnabe GOOGE's 'Eglogs,' 1563]. In 1577 we find (Hatfield Mss) a Willaim PHARE the correspondent of Lord BURGHLEY. Luke PHAERE is the vicar at Abbotts Bickington, Devon [fn 2 - illegible in my copy], in 1616, where he was succeeded in 1631 by Thomas PHARE.

     Reference to the volumes of Devonshire Wills (Index Library) discloses the following:-
                      1670  PHAIRE, Emanuel, Sutcombe, Admon.
                      1671  PHAIRE, Samuel, Werrington, Admon.
                      1672  PHAIRE, George, Clerk, St Kaine, Will.
                      1674  PHAIRE, Thomas, Sutcombe, C.
                      1677  PHAYRE, Thomas, Sutcombe, Will.
     FOSTER's 'Alumni Oxonisensis' gives:-
1. PHAYRE, George (PHAIRE) of Yorks, paup. schol., Magdalen Coll., matric. 1610, June 22nd, aged 17.
2. PHAYRE, John (PHAER), son of George of St Keyne, Cornwall, sacerdos, Gloucester Hall, matric. 1633, Nov 16, aged 19.
3. PHAYRE, Luke (PHAIRE), of Yorks, sacerdos, Lincoln College, matric. 1697, Oct 23, aged 17.
4. PHAYRE, Miles (PHAYRE), of Co Lancaster, pleb., BrasenoseColl., matris. emtry under dtae 1578, July 20, B.A. 30 Jan 1582-3, M.A. 10 Jul 1585, Rector of Sutcombe, Devon.
5. PHAYRE, Thomas (PHAER), 20, B. Med, 25 Mar 1599.
6. PHAYRE, William (PHAIER), son of Miles of Sutcombe, Devon, sacwerdos, Wadham Coll., matric 3 Nob 1626, aged 19.
7. PHAIRE, Robert, son of Robert of Cork, Ireland, Arm., Wadham Coll., matric 22 Oct 1718, aged 17.

     In the records of the siege of Kinsale, 1601 (P.R.O. Dublin) we find 18 pence a day paid to one William FFARE for 103 days. He seems to have been a contractor for the construction of earth-works.
     A David FAIER is found as an Ensign in the Army in Ireland circa 1630, but nothing further is known of his history.

     From 'N. & Q.' 6 S. iv. 371, we glean the following:-
     Emanuel PHAIRE, A.B., was ordained deacon 23 Dec 1604, and Priest 24 Dec 1604, both by William, Bishop of Oxford. e was Vicar of Kilshanig in 1812, held the Curacy of Moone (sic) Abbey in 1634, was plundered by the rebels in 1641, and lost Church livings worth £50 per annum. MSSS T.C.D., f. 2, 18.

     This statement is only approximately correct. Emanuel PHAIRE appears in 'Regal Visitations' of 1615 and 1633 (P.R.O. Dublin) as Vicar of Kilshannig and of Castlemagner and Curate of other parishes: Clonmeen, Subulter, Kilmacleny. In 1641 he was Curate also of Mourne Abbey Parish.
     Other references in the Irish Records to the Rev Emanuel PHAIRE are few. We find him mentioned in the Manuscript Depositions in Trinity College under dates 3 May 1642 and 25 May 1642, as having been in debt to Henry KINESTON and Thomas BETTESWORTH, respectively, both of the town of Mallow. It is probable that he, like many other English settlers, left Ireland at this time, and that the Emanuel PHIDIER or PHAYER referred to above as son-in-law of George PRIDEAUX of Sutcombe, Devon, was his son or nephew. This latter Emanuel died in 1670, intestate and childless, and administration of his effects was granted (Oct 1670) to Thomas PHAYRE of Sutcombe, Samuel PHAYRE of Werrington, and John HOCKING of Frithelstock, all in Devon, his kinsmen. In 1675, lawsuits arose between these persons and one Anstice CRABB, widow of the Rev NathanielCRABB, vicar of Sutcombe, regarding the property of the said Emanuel PHAYRE, yeoman, Anstice CRABB claiming that she had become Emanuel's wife 9 days before he died (Chancery Proceedings before 1714, Mitford, bundle 296, No 6, and Keynardson, bundle 63, no 44).
     The supposition that the PHAIREs hailed from Devonshire receives remarkable support from a volume of manuscripts, mostly originals, in the possession of Sir Arthur PHAYRE of Oxford. On 22 Jun 1662, it was ordered by His Majesty's Council that Colonel Robert PHAIRE should be released from custody, and should give sufficient security to appear at Dublin on 24 August 1662, there to render himself to the Lord Lieutenant, James, Duke of ORMONDE, but, through no fault of his own, he failed to keep his appointment, as the following document shows:-
"By the Lord Lieutenant Generall of Ireland.
     "Whereas Collonell Robert PHAIRE engaged his parole in England to render himselfe to us on the 24th day of August last, wch in regard of crosse winds and his detainment in Devonshire hindered him in poynte of time. e doe accept of the tender of his person this day, and doe, hereby grant him liberty to repaire to his family on his former engagement untill our further Orders. And in the mean time ye daid Collonell is to follow his lawful occasions within this Kingdome without any lett of hindance whatsoever of wch all persons concerned are to take speciall notice. Given at Our house at Dunmore the 17th day of October, 1662.
                                                                                                                        "(Sgd) G. LANE."
     PHAIRE had been kept for two years in London, at times prisoner in the Tower, ans at times on parole in the residence of his father-in-law in Petty France, Westminster. It is significant that on his release he travels home by Devonshire, and if strict historical exactitude is to be ascribed to BARING-GOULD's 'Early Remniscences,' we have the exact locality from which the family of PHAIRE emanated. Mr BARING-GOULD writes (pp.3, 4, and 14): "My father took a house in Bratten Clovelly parish" (Devon)... "The parish was one of much interest. It had formerly been parcelled up among several gentle families bearing arms... HILLs and PHAYREs... The house we inhabited had been a residence of the PHAYRE family, or a branch of it. This family had its cradle in Bratton, where it possessed considerable estates." [Fn - In correspondence a few months before his death the Rev S. BARING-GOULD admitted to the author that his statement a to the cradle of the PHAIRE family is untenable, and he promised to have it amended in a second edition of his book].
     It is very possible, too, that this English clergyman was induced to come to Ireland by Sir John JEPHSON, who had acquired much landed property in Co Cork, and who had the presentation to several church livings in that county. At a later period we find the Rev Rous CLAPTON, B.D., of Oxford, presented to the living of Doneraile by Mrs Alicia JEPHSON, wife of Major-General William JEPHSON, Sir John's son and heir (Chancery Bill, Clapton v Temple, 30 May 1661).
     But a very significant fact concerning the advent in Ireland of the Rev Emanuel PHAIRE seems to be disclosed in the JEPHSON pedigree compiled by T.W. BELCHER, M.D., Dublin, 1866. From it we learn that a sister, Catherine, of Sir John JEPHSON (who died 16 May 1638) married John JEWELL, and we find Colonel Robert PHAIRE bequeathing a shilling a day for life to his cousin, Ensign John JEWELL. Emanuel PHAIRE was then most probably a connexion of the JEPHSONs, and hence his tenure of several church livings in the neighbourhood of Mallow, the headquarters of that family. Hence also, perhaps, Robert PHAIRE's rapid rise in the Commonwealth Army.
     The Manuscript Depositions relating to the Rebellion of 1641, preserved in Trinity College, Dublin, have long been the subject of acrimonious debate. Their trustworthiness has been fiercely impugned. Mr LECKY treated them as of no account. Miss HICKSON patiently transcribed many of them which are printed in her "Ireland in the Seventeenth Century." Lord Ernest HAMILTON [fn - obscured] would fain attach a high value to them. Writers of the anti-British school of thought plainly regard them as mendacious exaggerations. We have no wish to enter into the merits of the controversy, being content to hold the view that any document of the year 1642 can scarcely fail to have an historical value if it be subjected to adequate historical criticism. In the mass of documents referred to are two of great importance to our present inquiry, the second of which, so far as is known, has never previously been printed or quoted. We beg leave to reproduce them in full.
     (a) MS. F. 2. 18 (fio. 60).
     Emanuell FFAIRE, late of Livalide in the parish of Kilshannig and Barony of Duhalla and within the County of Cork, Clk., duely sworn and examined, deposeth, and saith,
     That on or about Candlemas last he was robbed and forcibly despoiled of his goods and chattels to the several values following, Viz:-
Of his cows and yearlings to the value of £12 sterling. Of his hay to the value of 20s. Of his household stuff to the value of £10. He further said that by means of this rebellion he was dispossessed of his farm of Kilvalid aforesaid, wherein he had a lease of 12 years to come, being improved communibus annis above the landlord's rent of five pounds per annum which he valueth to be worth to bee sold £40 sterling.
     Of another farm, part of the land of Quartertown wherein he had a lease of 3 years to come worth to this deponent above the landlord's rent 6 per annum which he valueth to be worth before this rebellion £18 sterling. He likewise saith that he was dispossessed of his farm of a parcel of land of Kilvalid aforesaid worth to this deponent above the landlord's rent 20s. per annum having a lease therein for of 12 years to come which he valueth to be worth £6 sterling. The total of his losses amounts to £87 besides the loss of his Church livings of Kilshanny, Clonine, Rathskine, and Kilmackliny in the said county worth communibus annis £50 per annum which he conceives to be lost for the year unless peace be settled in Ireland; and further he deposeth not.
                                                                                                                                  Emanuell PHAYER.
Jurat coram nobis
          23 May, 1642.
Phil. BISSE.

(b), MS. F. 2. 18. (fio. 275).
Robert FAIER of Killvallidie in the parish of Kilshanny in the barony of Dowhalla within the County of Corck (a brittish protestant) duely sworne and examined upon oath before us by virtue of His Maty. Commission to us and others directed, deposeth and saith.
That on or about Candlemas last he lost and hath binn robbed and forcably dispoiled of hos goods, chattels and debts to the several values following:- Of his cows to the value of fifteen pounds ten shillings sterling; of his hay to the value of thirty shillings; of his debts which he accounted good debts before the beginning of this rebellion the some of fower and twenty pounds ster. [£24]; debts due from Edmond KOCK of Ballilegane in the barony of Fermoy within the said county, Gent, and in regard the sd KOCH is out in actuall rebellion the deponent conceaves he is not likely to gett satisfaction from him; he further saith that he was expelled and driven away from his said farme where he left in corne in ground to the value of five pounds ten shillings which he conceaves to be lost unless there be peace settled in this kingdom. He likewise saith that he was dispossessed of a parcell of land wherein he had a lease of three years to com part of the land of Quartertown in the said county worth him 50s. per annum above the landlord's rent which he valueth to be worth £9; the totall of his losses amounts to £51 10s; he was robbed by means of Thomas McCROGHER of Killvalide, yeoman, tenant to Cahir O'CALLAHAN of Droming in the countie aforesaid; and further he deposeth not.
                                                                                                                                   Robert PHAIER.
Jur coram nobis
            24 May, 1642.
Phil. BISSE.

     On the 15th October, 1657, Colonel Robert PHAIRE wrote a letter from "Rostelane in the County of Cork" to Henry CROMWELL. The original is in the British Museum (Lansdowne MSs. 281, f.220), and it is plain that the writer of this letter is identical with the "Robt PHAIER" who signed the deposition on 24th May 1642 [fn - Comparison may also be made with a holograph letter of Colonel PHAIRE to Sir John HEATH, dated 13 Jul 1667. This letter is now in possession of the Society of Genealogists.]
It is therefore beyond a doubt that Colonel Robert PHAIRE was a Duhallow man, and almost certainly the son of Rev Emanuel PHAIRE, Vicar of Kilshannig.
(To be continued).


Colonel Robert PHAIRE, "Regicide."
His Ancestry, History, and Descendants.

When the rebellion broke out in Munster (November 1641), William JEPHSON, afterwards Major-General William JEPHSON and CROMWELL's envoy to Sweden, being in residence at Mallow, promptly raised a troop of horse which, we conjecture, Robert PHAIRE, then about 22 years of age, joined [fn - His age is deduced from a Deposition (indecipherable words) in Cork, 1654, quoted in CANFIELD's Council Book of the Corporation of Cork, pp. 1164-5; also Gents Mag., 1863].
     His military progress was rapid, for on 17 Sept 1646, a commission, on the recommendation of Sir Hardress WALLER, was made out to him as Lieutenant-Colonel (C.S.P. - Irish Series). We cannot be certain that before 1648 he saw service in England. He was an officer with Inchiquin in Ireland until Inchiquin, changing sides once more, abandoned the Parliamentary cause, but failed to secure the adhesion of Sir William FENTON, Colonel PHAIRE, Major (afterwards Sir) Nicholas PURDON, and others, who thereupon became prisoners, and, with Lord BROGHILL's children, were exchanged against Inchiquin's son, a prisoner in the hands of the Roundheads (C.S.O. - Irish series), who was conveyed to Ireland in the "Assurance" (Captain William PENN) on which Inchiquin's late prisoners were received and taken back to England. Reaching London, he seems to have gained the confidence of CROMWELL, for he was one of the three Colonels to whom was addressed the warrant [fn - Threescore of the Commissioners set their hands and seals to it, directing it to Colonel HACKER, HUNCKS and Col. PHAIRE, or either of them - LUDLOW's Memoirs, p.121] for the execution of Charles I., and he formed one of "...that wicked guard of halberdiers" (to whom ORRERY alluded twelve years afterwards) that surrounded the king on that fateful day in January 1649, when Charles faced death "...with a courage that half redeemed his fame." It is an interesting coincidence that Thomas HERBERT, afterwards Sir Tomas HERBERT of Tintern, accompanied a luckless monarch to the scaffold as his last attendant, and that, nine years later, PHAIRE married HERBERT's daughter Elizabeth at St Werburgh's Church, Dublin [fn - C.S.P.], a marriage fraught with import to the fortunes of PHAIRE.
     In company with the famoue seaman, BLAKE, Colonel PHAIRE returned to Ireland in 1649, in command of the Kentish Regiment ("Cromwelliana," folio 1810), and was an active helper of CROMWELL during the latter's Irish campaign, though he does not appear to have been present at the taking of Drogheda, Wexford, or Clonmel. In WHITELOCKE's "Memoirs" we learn of the escape of the notorious WOGAN from his prison in Cork (1649), PHAIRE's Marshall having been corrupted by him, of PHAIRE's appointment as Governor of Cork, of his pursuit and slaughter of some of the enemy, and of his capture of the Castle of Kilmorry with 82 prisoners besides officers.
     The Calendars od State Papers has frequent mention of him also. He became a Justice of the Peace for Co Cork in 1654. But the excellent series of some sixty manuscript volumes (now alas! all gone in the destruction of the Four Courts, Dublin) entitled "Commonwealth Books" teem with allusions to him. Certain official payments were made through him; in October 1655 he was instructed to sell all the brass and iron guns that came from the forge of Tallow; in February 1655-56, Lord Chief Justice PYNE was instructed to confer with him regarding the administration of justice in Co Cork; in September 1659, an order was issued to him to prevent the destruction of woods in the barony of Muskerry and other parts of Co Cork; the names of some of his officers emerge too - Captians RUDDOCK, Alexander BARRINGTON, COAKELEY, WAKEHAM, GAILE; the four ploughlands of Rostellan, Co Cork, were leased to him by order of the Council in February 1653-54, and permission was given him to cut 100 timber trees at the usual rqtes in any of the woods belonging to the Commonwealth for the building of a dwelling house and out-offices at Rostelan. Here then he fixed his abode, and here the much harrassed Timothy STAMPE,coming from England and landing at the Port of Cork, stayed from September to November 1664 as PHAIRE's guest [fn - From the inscription on the Monumental Cross to Sir Thomas HERBERT, St Crux, York].
    The Egmont MSs, too, contain several references to Colonel PHAIRE, whose importance in Co Cork during the period of the Commonwealth can scarcely be over-estimated. No record reveals nay trace of harshness or tyranny in PHAIRE's character. He seems to have earned the confidence and esteem of his neighbours of every creed; e.g., we find Cahir O'CALLAGHAN, a Catholic gentleman of Curra, Co Cork, entrusting £100 to his safe keeping (Prerogative Will of Cahir O'CALLAGHAN, pr 13 Jul 1680).
     The Egmont MSs, however, contain one reference to PHAIRE which has more than a passing interest; it is a letter written 29 Jul 1653, by Colonel John JONES to PHAIRE, in which the writer protests against "...the countenance and favour" shown by the latter to Mr ROYLE who " come back to Cork." The letter mentions PHAIREs' "...wife and little babes." Incidentally it may be explained that ROYLE, a preacher in Cork, had married one Margaret SENEY, her former husband SENEY being reported alive in London. On 10 Mar 1652-53, PHAIRE had been directed to send ROYLE and his "...pretended" wife to Dublin for further examination [fn - "The Puritans in Ireland," Rev St John D. SEYMOUR, B.D., and Commonwealth Book A.90].
     This is one of the few references to PHAIRE's first wife which we have met with, and it is plain that he had not been married for long - since 1649 probably. But the name of this lady has never been certainly determined.
     It has been surmised that she was a relative of George GAMBLE, a Quaker and a Merchant of Cork. It has also been surmised that she was a sister or a daughter of Onesipherus HOUGHTON, of Ballingarry, Co Cork. Indeed, in the pedigree of PHAIRE to be found in the Office of Arms, Dublin Castle, her name is given as HOUGHTON, but no decisive evidence can be adduced on the point. PHAIRE's eldest surviving son and heir was baptized Onesipherus, and that fact seems to be the strongest known evidence in favour of a HOUGHTON marriage.
     His grand-daughter Henrietta PHAIRE married - - - DRAPER, and HOUGHTON-DRAPER marriages are recorded [fn - Roger HOUGHTON to Rachel DRAPER, of Kinsale, (Cork, M.L.B., 1698); an earlier Roger HOUGHTON was Collector of the Port of Baltimore, Co Cork, 1656 (Commonwealth Book A 20)]. We know that much inter-marriage of kindred went on in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, and we think therefore that these facts may have a certain significance. On the other hand, if it be true that Colonel PHAIRE's first wife was buried at Gloucester - a statement attributed to the late Mr CRAWLEY-BOVEY - then some connection with the GAMBLEs is not improbable, since the Particular family in question seems to have had its origins in or near Gloucestershire, migrating thence to Kinsale and Cork [fn - At the time of Domesday, one GAMEL held lands at Gamlestown, now Gamston, near Nottingham, and GAMBLE is still found as a surname in that town (Gloucestershire Notes & Queries, v., 121.n.)]. The name Onesipherus occurs in the GAMBLE family, too, but only after George GAMBLE mentioned above, married, as his 2nd wife, a daughter of Colonel PHAIRE [fn - Richard LANE's will, 1662, mentions his son-in-law George GAMBLE; we have the Cork, M.L.B., 1662, of George GAMBLE and Elizabeth SACHWELL; and we have the marriage of George GAMBLE and Mary PHAIRE]. This curious name appears twice in the New Testament. BARDSLEY in "Curiosities of Puritan Nomencalture" gives three instances of it, viz:- (1) Onesipherus LUFFE, on a halfpenny token, 1686; (2) Onesipherus ALBIN, 1692, C.S.P.; and (3) Onesipherus DIXEY. It appears at least four times in the pedigree of PHAIRE and at least twice in that of GAMBLE (descendants of the GAMBLE-PHAIRE marriage). We read also (c. 1689) of "Anesepherus" HOUGHTON of Ballingarry, Co Cork, and there is a Cloyne M.L.B., 17 Jan 1667, of Onesipherus HOUGHTON, of Ballingarry Co Cork, and Mary EVANS of Kinsale.
     We do not know the date of death of PHAIRE's first wife, but we do know that he married again in 1658, Elizabeth, the daughter of Thomas HERBERT, a Yorkshireman of good education who had travelled in Persia and in Europe in his youth, the personal attendant of Charles I, 1645-49, to whom Charles presented a first folio (1623) copy of Shakespeare now in the Library of Windsor Castle, and also a large silver watch. Charles's cloak worn on the day of his execution fell to HERBERT, too, as a perquisite (see "Dict. Nat. Biography" and Article in "Yorkshire Journal" by Robert DAVIES, F.S.A.). At the Restoration, HERBERT received a Baronetcy, and was subsequently known to history as Sir Thomas HERBERT of Tinterne, Monmouth, where he had estates. It is important that this Thomas HERBERT should not be confounded with Colonel Thomas HERBERT, Clerk to the Council in Ireland, 1654-60 (knighted 26 Jul 1658 at Dublin Castle by Henry CROMWELL - fn SHAW's "Book of Knights"), a Monmouthshire man also, and probably a relative of the Baronet [fn - "You may send to Colonel HERBERT, whose house lieth in Monmouth" - CROMWELL to Thomas SAUNDERS at Breaknock, 17 Jun 1648]. HERBERT's will, signed 20 Dec 1679, and  proved 31 Mar 1682, bequeathed to his son-in-law Robert PHAIRE, Esquire, and Elizabeth his wife, £300.
    It would be idle to speculate as to how Robert PHAIRE made the acquaintance of Elizabeth HERBERT. She may have been a visitor at the house of her relative in Dublin and his wife Lucy, and we know that PHAIRE was well acquainted with Colonel Thomas HERBERT. At all events it may reasonably be inferred that her marriage took place from Colonel Thomas HERBERT's house.
     As a reward for his services in Ireland, lands in Co Cork and in Co Wexford were allotted to PHAIRE [fn - C.S.P.]. At one time it was intended to assign him lands in Co Kildare also [fn - Commonwealth Book, A.15 (P.R.O., Dublin)]. To him and his officers, Majors BARINGTON, WALLIS, and DENNISON, and Captain GALE, fell the lands of Monart, etc, in he Barony of Scarawalsh, Co Wexford, i.e. ner Enniscorthy. In 1656 came hither Timothy STAMPE of Enworthy [fn - Cnacery Bill, STAMPE v HEATH, 10 May 1671, and C.S.P.], also of the Middle Temple, to report for the Earl of Strafford, who had property hard by, as to the prospect of founding an English colony at Enniscorthy and of being able to work successfully an iron mine and smelting furnace there. No doubt the facilities for water transport afforded by the river Slaney, which flows by Enniscorthy into the sea at Wexford, were an important factor in the project. STAMPE's report was favourable, and a company was thereupon formed in London, the chief partners being John (afterwards Sir John) CUTLER, Edward (afterwards Sir Edwrad) HEATH of Cottesmore, Robert (afterwards Sir Robert) CLAYTON, subsequently M.P. and Governor of the Bank of England, Thomas YATE, D.D., subsequently Principal of Brasenose College, Didier FOUCHANT of Covent Garden, Apothecary, Bethiah ABBOTT, and John CHAPMAN. Smelting began, the iron being apparently a surface deposit and easily mined, but it was soon found that the woods of Monart close by must be purchased for the successful prosecution of the scheme.
     Accordingly, in 1657, Colonel PHAIRE being then in London, perhaps to press his suit for the hand of Elizabeth HERBERT, met Dr Tomas YATE by appointment and an agreement for purchase was concluded, 8 July 1657 [fn - Chancery Bill, YATE v STAMPE, 26 Apr 1672]. Dr YATE being unable to travel into Ireland in order to take over possession, Timothy STAMPE was despatched for this purpose and soon overtook PHAIRE at Gloucester, the first meeting of STAMPE and PHAIRE, whence they took their further journey together [fn - An interesting letter (Lansdowne MSs, 821) from PHAIRE to HEnry CROMWELL, 13 Oct 1675, was written from Rostelane immediately on his return; he had outstayed his leave in England, and he wrote to excuse himself... (indecipherable words)]. The company found, however, that their resources did not suffice for complete purchase, and they induced PHAIRE and the other owners to accept shares in lieu of part of the price agreed upon. By 1730, the family of PHAIRE had become sole owners of the works, out of which one of them is said to have made £17,000. The history of this company, its numerous lawsuits, the complaints of the English shareholders as to their losses, its import of iron ore from Lancashire when the Wexford supply got scanty, and the private Act of Parliament passed for the partition of the property, might well form the subject of a special article. Suffice it to say that from the first the family of PHAIRE perceived the importance of the acquisition it had made.
     With the Restoration came the eclipse of Colonel Robert PHAIRE as a public man in Ireland. He was arrested in Cork in May 1660, sent under a guard of fifty troopers to Dublin, and hence to London, where he was lodged in the Tower, 13 Jun 1660 (Tower of London - Records of Constable's Office), but, unlike Sir Hardress WALLER, Colonel HACKER, Colonel Daniel AXTELL and many others, he was never actually put upon his trial as a regicide. It had fallen to HACKER's lot to convey to Charles the actual summons to the scaffold, and HACKER was executed - one of the ten who suffered the extreme penalty. HUNCKS turned King's ecvidence and was pardoned. The latter, in his testimony against AXTELL (1660, Oct. 16), stated: "That morning he (AXTELL) came into the door of the room where Colonel PHAYRE, Colonel HACKER, CROMWELL, and myself were" ... AXTELL appealed to the Court to take the evidence of PHAIRE and HACKER, whereupon the Lord Chief Baron made answer: "Colonel HACKER is in the prison behind you, Colonel PHAIRE is in the Tower." The appeal was refused.
     The records of the Tower of London - Constable's Office - enable us to trace very closely the course of PHAIRE's imprisonment. PHAIRE was sent prisoner from Cork to Dublin in the guard of fifty troopers on May 29, 1660 [fn - EDWARD's "Cork Remembrancer" and SMITH's "HISTORY of Cork. SMITH, however, gives the date as May 18, 1660], the day on which Charles II was proclaimed King in Cork, and he, Colonel HUNCKS, Captain William HOWLETT, and Mt John COOKE, under the conduct and guard of Captain Hugh CLOTWORTHY, arrived in London and, by order of the Court at Whitehall, 13 Jun 1660, were committed to the Tower [fn - {indecipherable)], On 28 February 1661-62, the Court gave order that PHAIRE be permitted to leave the Tower and remain in the dwelling of Sir Thomas HERBERT in Petty France, now York Street, Westminster, for aperiod of three months for the sake of his health [fn - indecipherable], a period that was extended by two months on 6 Jun 1662. On 22 Jun 1662, the Court at Hampton Court ordered that PHAIRE should be given sufficient security to appear at Dublin on 24 August 1662, there to render himself to the Lord Lieutenant, James, Duke of Ormonde. By the same order he was discharged from prison [fn - likewise indecipherable]. On 1 July 1662, he wrote out the following "engagement":
     "I Collonell Robert PHAIRE doe hereby promise and engage my word unto his Grace Duke of Ormonde, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. to render myselfe to His Grace at Dublin upon ye 24day of Aug. next (if God permitt). And in the meantime shall not attempt or act anything contrary to ye duty of a faithful subject to ye disturbance of ye peace and quiet of His Ma'ties Dominions; witness my hand this 1st day of July, 1662.
                                                                                                                                             "Robert PHAIR."
     The influence to which this fortunate issue of his imprisonment is to be ascribed is a point which has excited much discussion. One feels prompted to give the credit for it to Sir Thomas HERBERT, PHAIRE's father-in-law, bur SMITH (Vol.I, pp.205-6) writes:- "By the interest of Lord CLANCARTY (whose life he is said to have saved, as he was going to be executed, by a party who made him prisoner, and did not know him) he obtained his pardon and returned to Cork," SMITH continues: "He was again concerned in the fanatic plot, ann. 1666, for seizing the Castle of Dublin, and other garrisons in Ireland, wich was discovered by the first earl of Orrery, and Captain OLIVER, to the Duke of Ormonde, he management of that business in this country being committed to Colonel PHAIRE. However, there being a peace soon after, between England, Holland and France, the plot was dropped, and the projectors of it allowed to go unmolested by the Government. He died peacefully, near Cork, and was buried in the anabaptist burying-yard of that city."
     These statements of Dr SMITH gave much offence to the PHAIRE family. Onesipherus PHAIRE, of Grange, Ovens, Co Cork, had apparently been approached by SMITH for information about his great-grandfather, Colonel PHAIRE, and as Colonel PHAIRE's son, Alexander Herbert PHAIRE, was still alive at St John's, Enniscorthy, Onesipheus applied to him. Here is his reply:
     "To Mr One. PHAIRE at Grange, near Cork.                                                                                     St John's, Oct. 2oth, 1742.
"I rec'd my good friends letter of the 22nd inst on the 28th and direct this answer (for expedition) by way of GORAN. On the coming in of King Charles my father was exempted with about 27 more. The List of which the King shewed to the then Marquis of Ormonde, who told the King that he ought not to be in that list, because he was a fair Enemy, and by whose interest with CROMWELL, there was an annuity settled on his wife, Part of wch was usefull to His Majesty during his exile; and many other kind things he did for his Friends and interests; om wch the King took the pen and ink and struck him out of the List, with his own hand; and immediately sent for him to the Tower, and told him if he would take the Oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy, he should have his Freedom and Pardon; my father say'd he would take the Oath of Allegiance and keep it religiously, But he could not take the other because he thought Christ was the head of the Protestant Church; at wch the Duke of York turn'd aside and say'd to those around him - Would my Brother have Coll PHAIRE swear that he is Head of the Church of Christ - I will swear by God he is not!; which set the King and company a laughing. Then the King asked my father who would be bound for him; he answered he knew nobody. Then Ormond said he would be bound for him, body for body; on wch his pardon was made out. And Ormond oblig'd my father to ride with firearms; But he would never persuade  him to wear a Sword afterwards. By all this, it appears to me that he was neither attainted nor convicted by a jury. There are many other circumstances that are too long to acquaint you with this way. The Post hastens me t conclude with true affection to all your Fireside (My Dr Heart)
                                                                                                                                "Yo'r very affect & humble servt,
                                                                                                                                                           "A.H. PHAIRE."

(To be continued.)


Colonel Robert PHAIRE, "Regicide."
His Ancestry, History, and Descendants.
Then in 1749 SMITH's "History of Cork" with the above-quoted mention of Colonel PHAIRE, whereupon Onesipherus PHAIRE wrote again to his great-uncle, who replied as follows:-
"Enniscorthy, Mch 11th, 1750.
"Mr Dr Cousin,
"I rec'd yo'r last Post. I pitty the Historian for his Forg'd remarks, w'ch was owing to his false intelligence, w'ch is very wide from the truth. My Father was carried Prisoner to the Tower. The Troopers that guarded him offer'd to go off with him, but he thank'd them and refus'd it. He never saw nor heard of Ld Muskerry (CLANCARTHY afterwards) all the while he was in confinement at the Tower. But a stranger came to see him there, whose Face he did not know, nor never saw afterwards, nor could never find out his name; but he told my Father that he sav'd him from being hang'd by Captain COAKLEY at Mallow and that he transported him to Spaine, and was then a man of Good Interest at Court, w'ch he would heartily make use of for his service.
"But it was the Duke of Ormonde that was his true friend.  For when the King shew'd him the Act of Oblivion, out of which there were a certain number exempted, and the Duke observing my father's name among them, said he ought not to be there, for tho' he was active against him, yet he was a Fair enemy, and His Majesty's friends were more oblig'd to him than All the rest of that Interest; and by his means principally with CROMWELL he got £2,000 per annum settled on his wife; half of w'ch was usefull to him in his Exile; on w'ch he Rased out his name with his own hand, and sent for him, and told him he must impeach some and take the Oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy, and then his pardon should be made out; my Father said he could not impeach anybody, on w'ch he was returned to ye Tower; he was twice more sent for, and still would impeach none; But the Duke of York having many about him said jocularly: What? Would they have Coll PHAIRE swear that my Brother is the Head of the Church of Christ. I swear by G-- he is not; w'ch caused a great laughter. And the King being tolde the cause thereof, it put him into a good humour, and upon his asking my Father why he would not take the Oaths; he answer'd that of Allegiance he would take and keep Religiously, But he thought that none but Christ could be head of his own Church - Then the King asked him who he had to be bound for him, my Father answer's nobody; and the D. of Ormonde being by, said he would be bound for him, Body for body; so he got his Pardon, But he never wore a sword after; But the Duke commanded and oblig'd him to Ride with Fire Armes, w'ch he and his serv'ts ever did afterwards.
"There was a Plot afterwards pretended, w'ch they could make nothing of, and Lord Orrery suspected my Father; but the D. of Ormonde knew my Father better, and was so far from giving any Credit to it, y't he told my Father, That he knew he was building, and advised him to make Flankers, in Order to make it a Garrison, and said he foresaw trouble coming on; and he would send him Ordnance and Ammunition, and Auhority to use them, For his Protection. For he was a Master of the Ordnance. If there had been any such Plot, 'tis silly to think. The Rebells would been excused on acc't of a Peace being concluded between England, Holland & France; But they would have hang'd every one of them (as they deserv'd) considering the Duke of Zyork's interest at Court, who had no mercy in his Nature for such.

"The Commission you mention was directed to HUNCKS, HACKER and my Father, but he did not like it, therefore kept out of the way.
"I know not who Sam'l BAKER was that subscribs my Father's Loving Brother, there was an intimacy between Capt BAKER of Killegrohan and my Father, for his Lands was joyn'd in BAKER's Patent.
"After all, I think it best to take no notice of this affair, For a man will Chronicle a lye 'tis his own fault.
I have troubled you sufficiently, so shall conclude, with words, of course, my Dear Friend.
                                                                                                                                 "Yo'rs very affectionately,
                                                                                                                                                "A.H. PHAIRE."

     This is a strange story of the unknown visitor to Colonel PHAIRE in he Tower, and , stranger still, some of the visitors statements tally with the known fact of the life of Donagh McCARTHY, 2nd Viscount Muskerry, whose wife was Eleanor BUTLER, Ormonde's sister. This Donagh was General in Munster of the Irish Forces of Charles I, was defeated by LUDLOW and forced to surrender Ross Castle, 27 Jun 1652. It does not appear to be proved that he incurred the danger of summary execution, but in August 1652, he went to Spain. Here is his letter to Colonel PHAIRE:
"I am now bound away for Spaine to make my capitulation with the King... if God be pleased to bless me, and that the King and I agree, I hope to be back by Michaelmas with necessaries to rayse and transport my men att one leavie; Sr, you were pleased to tell me that you would stand my friend in all my just and reasonable pretentions; I shall not challenge that engagement further att this time, than to let you know that I have left a wife and children for whom I shall desyre yo're favor, that they may be protected from injury, and receive justice in what they may reasonably propose, for w'ch you will oblige me to acknowledg myself.
                                                                                                             "Yo'r most thankfull hu'ble servant,
"7 Aug 1652."

     On Muskerry's return from Spain he was put upon trial, 1 December 1653, as accessory to the murder of several Englishmen near Cork. This trial is set out in Miss HICKSON's "Ireland in the Seventeenth Century," Vol 11. It seems to have been protracted, because on 8 Feb 1653-54, Muskerry wrote to Colonel PHAIRE asking him " accept of such examinations as my witnesses will freely tender you upon their voluntary oathes, and to certify so much under yo'r hand." The High Court had adjourned "to a day uncertayne,: the witnesses had been "dismissed homewards until new summons," and Muskerry feared that the death, sickness, or resolution of any (of them) :to goe beyond sea" in the interval might be detrimental to his chance of acquittal. He therefoe appelas to Colonel PHAIRE since "you are a friend to justice." Muskerry (now Clancarty) died in 1665. In 1672 we find a letter from his widow to Colonel PHAIRE, in which she speaks of "...the experience I have had of your aureties and charitie."
     In 1663 (date uncertain) is a remarkable letter from Lady Clancarty Blarney to her brother, Ormonde:
"I saw a letter from my Lord President to Coll: PHAIRE warning him by Command from yo. to withdraw himself out of thys Province. I found the gentleman most obedient and resign'd to thys command notwithstanding the many inconveniences it must have brought upon him besides yt of wandring in thys hard season of ye yeare. The greate compassion he had for my Lord and me in ye time of owre misery, & the assistance he gave us towards our deliverance obliges me to accompany him to Dublin with thys letter, & humbly pray hee may finde favour by my means as I have formerly don by his.
                                                                                                        "I am,
                                                                                                            "Yr most affectionate sister & humble servant,
                                                                                                                                                       "H. E. Clancartie.
"For the Duke of Ormonde... his grace... these."

     It is evident that PHAIRE rendered some signal service in time of need to Lord Muskerry and his wife, and it is also evident that for this reason the Duke of Ormonde stood by him when his fortunes were at ebb.
     It is significant, too, that Mr Arthur ANNESLEY, the eldest son of Francis Lord Viscount Valentia, was present at the Court of 13 Jun 1660, and the same person, now Earl of Anglesey, on 22 Jun 1662. "Colonel PHAIRE, upon the Restoration, being apprehensive he was likely to continue under His Majesty's displeasure and apprehensive also of the resumption of Oliver CROMWELL's grants, did in October 1660, in order to screen his estate, convey... lands to the Right Hon. Arthur ANNESLEY... afterwards created Earl of Anglesey" [fn - Answer of Onesipherus PHAIRE, 20 Jun 1750, to Chancey Bill: Annesley v. Phaire, 28 Jul 1749 (P.R.O., Dublin)].
     We do not know the basis of the friendship that subsisted between the families of ANNESLEY and PHAIRE. Before his death in 1682 Colonel PHAIRE had ceased to reside in the house he built at Rostellan. and had taken on lease the house and lands at Grange, near Ovens, about seven miles west of Cork City. Here the PHAIREs, or their relatives, resided until near the end of the eighteenth century. Grange was the property of the Earl of Anglesey, as was also Claraghnore near Millstreet.
     A dispute and litigation arose in after years concerning the lands of Claraghmore, the lawsuit being revived as late as 1760. The families were neighbours in Co Wexford, the ANNESLEYs at Camolin and the PHAIREs at Enniscorthy. A century later than the events we have been narrating, they became connected by marriage [fn - Robert PHAIRE to Miss Richarda ANNESLEY (Gent. Mag., 1761)]. In 1715 Captain Robert PHAIRE was the guest of Lord Altham at Dunmaine, Co Wexford (see "The Annesley Case," p.92, edited by Andrew LANG).

     PHAIRE's troubles were by no means ended by his return to Ireland. Orrery (once Lord Broghill, his comrade in arms) writing to the King, 26 June 1663, says:
"I am very confident that Colonel PHAIER, a halberdier at the horridest of murders and his officers would be privy to wickedness carried on in these parts by LUDLOW... though PHAIER himself was not at their meetings, yet knowing him to be a creature of LUDLOW... I have also secured PHAIER in Your Majesty's citadel at Limerick." [fn - indecipherable].
    But on 31 Jul 1663, Ormonde issued an order for his release. The original of this order is in the possession of Sir Arthur PHAYRE.
     That PHAIRE was a marked man is evident from LUDLOW's account of the assassination in Geneva (1664) of John LISLE in mistake for PHAIRE, who was erroniously believed to be with LUDLOW and other refugees in Switzerland [fn - LUDLOW's "Memors," ii, 487 (Clarendon Press, 1894)].
     On 21 Feb 1665, John JEPHSON, writing to Ormonde from Cork, says:
"Heere has bin in towne Coll. PHAIRE this three days... I was unwillinge to take any notice of his beeinge here myselfe that he might not take notice of any jealousie, but desire your Ldsp's directions" [fn - Add MSS. 37207, f. 6.].

     Orrery's letter quoted above has reference, we think, to the conspiracy in Ireland, 1663, which ended in the execution of Colonels Alexander JEPHSON, M.P. for Trim. and Edward WARREN, and Captain THOMPSON [fn - BAGWELL's "Ireland under the Stuarts," iii, 3-39].
     PHAIRE is alleged to have been involved in the conspiracy in question, but no proof of this is forthcoming. He was undoubtedly a strong Commonwealth man - LUDLOW says so. Moreover his religious opinions had undergone a great change. In 1655 Henry CROMWELL in a letter [fn - State Papers - Henry CROMWELL to Thurloe, 6 Feb 1655] alludes to PHAIRE as frequenting Quaker's meetings, but though he probably did so, the records of the Society of Friends contain no evidence tat he became an actual follower of George FOX. About 1660, however, he became a disciple of the celebrated prophet Ludovick MUGGLETON, a Londoner, son of a farrier, bred to be a tailor. We have no desire to enter into a disquisition on MUGGLETON's system of belief; he was an agnostic as regards all theology, but he claimed to have a divine mission, and he founded a sect (1657) which survived until 1846. Many references to PHAIRE and his relatives and friends are to be found in MUGGLETON's "Spiritual Epistles," 1653-1691 (Alexr DELAMAINE, 3nd Edn, 1820). Letters to Joseph MOSS, M.D., to Elizabeth FLAGGETTER, to George GAMBLE, to Mary GAMBLE (PHAIRE's daughter), to Major John DENNISON, to Colonel PHAIRE and to Elizabeth PHAYRE his widow, to Elizabeth FARMER (PHAIRE's daughter), and to Mare WAKEHAM (PHAIRE's cousin) occur among these epistles.
     Mary GAMBLE wrote to the "Prophet," who replied, 6 Mar 1684: "You have read our own writings which your father and mother-in-law [fn - i.e., step-mother] brought into that land." In 1687, Aug 29, he wrote again to Mary GAMBLE "concerning a sister of yours that is now afflicted, as you say, by very wicked... thoughts." On 6 Feb 1680, he wrote of Colonel PHAIRE:
     "I have had great experience of your steadfast faith in the true God and in this Commission of the Spirit ever since you first heard of it, even above twenty years."
     To Elizabeth FARMER, 29 Jun 1686, he wrote:
     "You are one of the faith, you are Mary GAMBLE's sister, and daughter of Col. Robert PHAIRE."
     On the same date he wrote to Elizabeth PHAIRE (nee HERBERT), now a widow:
     "I have looked upon you as one of God's elect in the day when I first saw you when your husband first brought me to your father's house... which is near 24 years since."
     And to Mary WAKEHAM, 15 Aug 1688:
     "You have a desire to come to London to see me."

     Henceforward to his death in the autumn of 1682 Colonel Robert PHAIRE mixed not at all in public affairs, although his private activities in the management of his property in Cork, in Tipperary and in Wexford were great. His partnership in the iron works at Enniscorthy involved him in many lawsuits. In October 1667, he leased from the celebrated Erasmus SMITH, a parcel of lands, 1,962 acres in all, for a term of 61 years, at a rent of £242 per annum [fn - Lawsuit, Palatine Court, of Co Tipperary: PHAIRE v Erasmus SMITH, 7 Mar 1705]. These lands lay around the present town of Tipperary.
     Colonel PHAIRE had many children, of whom three buy his first and six by his second wife survived him, and we know that two sons pre-deceased him John and Robert (Robin) [fn - The authority for a son John of the first marriage is Chancery Bill: WEBBER v PHAIRE, 31 May 1679; and for a son Robert, Chancery Bill: CUDAMORE v PHAIRE, 6 Jun 1685]. The construction of a correct pedigree of his family is rendered difficult by the fact that he called two of his sons John, and two of his daughters Elizabeth.

     His will is an interesting document. It was signed on 13 September 1682, and administration was granted to his edlest son on 13 November 1682 [fn - P.R.O., Dublin]. To his wife he left £1,000 with the farm at Grange and the adjoining lands for her lifetime; to his eldest son Onesipherus, the lands of Dromore, Ballygromans, East and West Fergus, and Claraghmore in Co Cork, the lands leased from Erasmus SMITH in Co Tipperary, and (subject to certain legacies) a moeity of the Wexford property, the other moeity being left to his wife and other children, share and share alike. To each of his other eight children he bequeathed £1,000, in the case of six of them to be paid out of the rion works, woods, and lands in Co Wexford. The will also devises legacies to relatives:- "to my cousin Ensign William JEWELL one shilling a day for life"; to my cousin Robert PEARCE £80"; :to my cousin Mary WALKHAM, £100, one year after the day of her marriage"; "to my cousin Ruth HUBBARD, £20." The exact relationship of Colonel PHAIRE to these different persons has not been made clear. JEWELL was almost undoubtedly a Devonshire man. Bishop JEWELL was of that county. William JEWELL of Ireland lived at Ballynelard, Co Tipperary, on lands leased from Erasmus SMITH by Colonel PHAIRE. We have his will (1705) and that of his widow Anne (1706).
     Mary WALKHAM (WAKEHAM) may have been a daughter of Richard WALKHAM (WAKEHAM) who in 1657 married Catherine, daughter of Major Nicholas PYNE of Mogeely, Co Cork, Colonel PHAIRE being a trustee of the marriage settlement [fn - Cancery Bill: PYNE v PHAIRE, 13 Jun 1670].
     Robert PEARCE (PIERCE) [fn - A Major Robert PEIRCE was one of the 1649 Officers (Adjudications in favour of the {1649} officers, P.R.O., DUBLIN)] resided at Ballygromans, Ovens, Co Cork. He and his descendants were intimately associated with much of the business of the PHAIRE family. The identity of Ruth HUBBARD has not been ascertained.

     It may be well to state here that a family of PHAYRE, some of whom followed the trade of tiler or slater, resided at, or near, Killmalock, Co Limerick, but that no indication of relationship between them and the family of Colonel PHAIRE has ever been discovered.
     The Marriage License Bonds (Cork) of two of these were in the Public Record Office, Dublin:
(1) Joseph PHAYRE, of Kilmallock, tiler, to Mary GILBERT of St Peter's, Cork, 27 Jan 1753.
(2) John PHAYER, of Bruff, Co Limerick, slater, of St Peter's, Cork, to Margaret CONDON, 29 Jan 1753.

     In view of what is to follow it is well to note the name of Margaret CONDON of the second marriage license bond above. It is not COURTENAY or any name resembling COURTENAY. We have the will of this John PHAIRE, "slater," signed 8 Jul 1761, proved 18 Dec 1761, in which hs wife Margaret is mentioned. One of his executors is Richard GARDINER of Cork, a surety of his M.L.B., and a witness to the will is John CONDON, the other surety: Colonel PHAIRE's second son of the name of John had probably died before 1761, his wife's name was Mary WHITBY, whose will was signed 17 Apr 1762, and proved 24 Jan 1763. They were married in 1699. An effort has been made to exchange John PHAYRE the slater for John PHAIRE the son of Colonel PHAIRE, and to turn a slater's wife's name into Margaret COURTENAY, and much spurious genealogy has been founded upon this illegitimate transmutation, as we shall show hereafter.
(To be continued.)


Colonel Robert PHAIRE, "Regicide."
His Ancestry, History, and Descendants.

     We have now to give an account of some of the children and descendants of Colonel PHAIR.

     His eldest son, Onesipherus, seems to have lived a very uneventful life, engaged mainly in the business of his estates and iron-works. He did not leave Ireland, as so many persons did, in 1689, but seems to have passed through the trials of that time with considerable material loss, because in a letter dated 20 Mar 1746-47, Alexander Herbert PHAIRE states that:-
     "In King James's time the Lord Kilmalock took possession f Grange and turned my mother and everyone in the house out, but let her continue in the house afterwards. To whom she paid the rent, during the troublesome times. She several times was plundered of every beast she had, but Dogs, Catts, Ratts or Mice. They even took away the ticken of the beds, and left the feathers in the Rooms. These things are what I remember, and perfectly know to be true."
     He made no attempt to take part in public affairs, and his age at death could hardly have been more than fifty-three years. From references to him in wills of the period it is inferred that he had a kindly and winning disposition. John SMITH of Clonemare (will pr 16 Jun 1671) bequeathed to Onesipherus PHAIRE "...out of my respect unto Collonell my trunke covered with sile skin and laid with tenn plates," and Joseph MOSSE of Affane, M.D., (will pr 21 May 1677) left all his property to Onesipherus PHAIRE, whom he appointed sole executor.
     We have already quoted the testamentary injunction of Richard WAKEHAM (will signed 20 May 1710) that he is to be buried " near as can be to the body of my beloved friend Onesipherus PHAIRE." Affection that endured so vividly for eight years after the death of one of the two men friends must have been very deep.

     Of John PHAIRE , the second son, we catch one fleeting glimpse (Chancery Bill: WEBBER v PHAIRE, 31 May 1679). George WEBBER of Cork died in 1674 and made John PHAIRE, son of Colonel Robert PHAIRE, his executor, displacing Edward WEBBER, his brother, from that function. To John PHAIRE he also left £200, and all this he is alleged to have done by the persuasion of George GAMBLE. John PHAIRE died intestate in 1677, and his father took out administration of his effects. The lawsuit is against Colonel Robert PHAIRE. On the whole, I think it may be inferred that this son died unmarried.

     Thomas PHAIRE, the eldest son of the second marriage, could not have been born before 1659, so that he lived only to the age of 57. He was lieutenant in a regiment of foot on the establishment of the Kingdom of Ireland, which was commanded in 1709 by Christopher, Lord Baron SLANE , but in that year having served in the regiment from the time of its first raising, he resigned his lieutenancy in favour of his eldest son Robert [fn - P.R.O., Dublin - Record Tower, Carton 255, Document 8303].

     Alexander Herbert PHAIRE, second son of the second marriage, lived to a considerable age . He must have been born about 1675, perhaps some years earlier, and he died at the house of Onesipherus GAMBLE, his nephew, at Templeshannon, Enniscorthy, between Jun 1751 and Mar 1752-53. His will was signed 7 Jun 1751, and proved 5 Mar 1752-53. He had acquired a modest share in the iron-works, and had resided for several years with his nephew, who seems to have loved to induce relatives to live with him. Alexander Herbert PHAIRE collected and preserved some letters of Colonel Robert PHAIRE. The writer of the article on the latter in the Dict. Nat. Biography had access to these papers, which were then in the possession of a member of the DONOVAN family. From them we learn that the Colonel was cured of a fit of ague by his friend, Valentine GREATRAKES of Affane, Co Waterford, known as "The Stroker."
     The present writer has made efforts to ascertain the whereabouts of these papers now, but without success.

     The only mention of a son Robert (Robin) is contained in the Chancery Bill: CUDMORE v PHAIRE, 6 Jun 1685. Paul CUDMORE, solicitor to the late Colonel PHAIRE, cites a letter from the Colonel to tell him "...he was then sending his son Robin to the grave who died two days before," and in her reply to this suit, the widow Elizabeth PHAIRE says (13 Nov 1685) that "...she cannot remember the precise time of her son Robert's death, but believes it may be a year before that of his father."

     John PHAIRE, the youngest son, has a factitious interest for us by reason of the attempts made by the late John Chessell BUCKLER, F.S.A., Surrey Herald Extraordinary, and his son Charles Alban BUCKLER, to connect themselves genealogically with Colonel Robert PHAIRE through his son John. These attempts led to the production of many beautifully illustrated manuscripts now to be found in the British Museum, their destination being Add. MSs 37123 (ff. 62-64, 172-174), 37126 (ff. 158, 174, 178-9, etc).
     Here is the starting point of all this futile but beautiful genealogical industry.
     " John PHAIRE, youngest son (w. dated 8 Jul 1761, pr 18 Dec 1761 - Dublin Records) = Margaret, dau of COURTENAY of Cork. [Issue]:-
     "Richard PHAIRE or FAIR, R.N., b 1739, ob 1805 = Ellen CREECH of Baltimore (Co Cork), died Skibbereen, 1820. [Issue]:-
     "Thomas FAIR = Esther WOOLIS. [Issue]:-
     "a daughter = John Chessell BUCKLER."
     These manuscripts further state that from Richard FAIR and Ellen CREECH above descend also Rev R.H. FAIR of Winchester, and Charles Bass FAIR of Capetown.
     And upon all of this a grant of the PHAIRE Arms was made by the Ulster King at Arms in 1896 to Robert Herbert FAIR and Charles Bass FAIR. Now, to begin with, no PHAIRE married a COURTENAY. John PHAIRE, parish of Athnowen, in which Grange was situated, youngest son of Colonel PHAIRE, married (1699) Mary WHITBY, parish of St MAry, Shandon, spinster, his sureties being his nephew John FARMER of Ardra, and Roger HUSE, inn-keeper ... [indec words]& [fn - indec]. John PHAYER of Bruff, Co Limerick, slater, married (1753) Margaret CONDON, parish of St Peter's, Cork, the sureties being John CONDON of Cork, cordwainer, and Richard GARDINER of the same, clothier [fn - Cork, M.L.B.].
     This John PHAYER, described above as John "PHAIRE," died in 1761. His will was to be found (P.R.O., Dublin). In it he is styled "slater," he has two sons, his executor is Richard GARDINER, and a witness is John CONDON. No mention of any member, or relative, of Colonel PHAIRE's family is made, and it is absolutely beyond doubt that this slater was not Colonel PHAIRE's son. The slater's sons are not named in his will.
     John PHAIRE, Colonel PHAIRE's son, left no will that can be traced. He lived for a time at Donegall Island, near Skibbereen [fn 44 - Registry of Deeds, Dublin, 21, 455, 12117], Co Cork, was lieutenant in a troop of horse, and was resident in Cork City in 1749 [fn - ditto, 143, 65, 95592].
     In Jul 1754, he was resident at Templeshannon, Enniscorthy [fn - Ditto, 190, 210, 126465]. Onesipherus PHAIRE of Templeshannon, bequeathed (will signed 2 Sep 1757, pr 28 Nov 1757) 10 to John PHAIRE of Templeshannon, "...together with all bonds and notes heretofore passed or perfected by him to me provided that he at the same time grants a full discharge of all debts, dues, demands and challenges that he may now have or ever had unto me or my heirs." And Mary PHAIRE, who also lived at Templeshannon (will signed 17 Apr 1762, pr 24 Jan 1763), makes no mention of her husband, who must therefore have died between 1757 and 1762.
     John PHAIRE fell upon evil days. His health was much deranged in 1741, as we learn from a letter written at St John's, Enniscorthy, 4 Oct 1741, by Alexander Herbert PHAIRE to his nephew Robert PHAIRE at Grange near Cork: - "My brother Jack is so troublesome to Wat GREEN and his wife in his disorder (tho they think he is almost gon) they threaten to bring him here and leave him at the door." Mention is made in the same letter to John PHAIRE's son, elsewhere described as "young Jack PHAIRE." Alexander Herbert PHAIRE bequeathed his brother John (will pr 5 Mar 1753) £10 a year "...towards his support, and £5 at his decease to bury him."
      Two letters of John PHAIRE  are to be found in the five volumes of CAULFIELD MSs, T.C.D. One is dated 29 Aug 1724, but the year in which the other was written cannot be deciphered. They were both written from places in Co Cork, but they do not throw light on any of the vexed questions of this essay. Before his widow's death, his sons Robert and Onesipherus appear to have left Ireland, and their whereabouts was unknown in Apr 1762. His daughter Henrietta married a Mr DRAPER, and he had a grand-daughter Anne PHAIRE (probably a child of John PHAIRE who married in 1727 Alie PEIRCE - Cork M.L.B.).
     In the parish registers of Kinsale, Co Cork, appear a number of births and burials of the children of one John PHAIRE (FAIR, FFAIRE, PHAIRES) ranging from 1703 to 1710, and again from 1731 to 1742. It is obvious that the first and second series cannot concern the same John PHAIRE. We shall therefore confine ourselves to the first series. An attempt has been made to attribute the paternity of Ann (1703), Richard (1704), Susan (1705), John (1706), --- (1708), Elizabeth (1710) PHAIR to the John PHAIRE of our investigation, but it is curious that the names of Robert, Onespiherus and Henrietta, known to be his children, do not appear in these registers.
     The fact is there is not a tittle of evidence to show that John PHAIR (FAIR) of Kinsale was identical with, or in any way related to, the John PHAIRE of our inquiry, who never resided in Kinsale.
     A much simpler explanation of this wilful confusion is forthcoming. On 13 Sep 1707, John FARE was Constable of Fryer's Street, Kinsale, and on 30 Sep 1728, "John FAIR, the son of a freeman, was sworn a freeman and paid 10s." (CAULFIELD's "Council Book of the Corporation of Kinsale," pp. 209 and 230). Here is the paternity of Richard FAIR the grandfather of the late John Chessell BUCKLER. The name of FAIR existed in Kinsale since 1601, but the FAIRs of that town have no connection with the family of Colonel Robert PHAIRE

     Alicia PURDON, daughter of Bartholomew PURDON and Alicia JEPHSON, married Thomas PHAIRE in 1692 (Cork M.L.B.), he being in his thirty-third and she probably in her twenty-eighth year. Her parents married in 1664 (Cork M.L.B.). She survived her husband many years. We find her brother Bartholomew PURDON bequeathing her (13 May 1737) "...5s 5d per week to be paid every Monday morning," and her son Thomas (1747) bequeathing to her £10 a year. She was a woman of masterful disposition and strong common sense.
     The wild and spendthrift ways of her eldest son Robert found no favour in her sight, and he seems to have lost her affection, but for her other children she laboured and planned unceasingly, carrying on "...for many years the trade or mystery of malting" [fn - indec] in the City of Cork, "...and by that means procuring a comfortable and happy subsistence" for herself and her family.

     Onespherous GAMBLE, son of George GAMBLE and Mary PHAIRE, played a very large part in the history of the PHAIRE family and their relatives. He married his first cousin Elizabeth, daughter of Onesipherus PHAIRE, and widow of Major Edward ROGERS, who died in 1717.
     Onesipherus GAMBLE had no children. He acquired much property in Cork, and a considerable share in the ironworks at Enniscorthy, where he finally went to reside at the Manor of St John, practising there much kindly hospitality.
     He gathered about him his brother John GAMBLE, who died there in Jan 1750-51; his uncle Alexander Herbert PHAIRE, who died there in 1752; his uncle John PHAIRE and Aunt Mary PHAIRE, the latter dying there in 1762; his brother-in-law and first cousin Aldworth PHAIRE; and his niece Elizabeth (PEIRCE) now twice widowed. She had married first Samuel HENDERSON who died in South Carolina, where she met her 2nd husband, Bernard LASSERRE, who also died there. Then she came home with her only child, Edith HENDERSON, home to Cork, to reside with her (then) unmarried sister Sarah PEIRCE. Mrs LASSERRE's sister Sarah and her daughter Edith came also to live at the Manor of St John. Onesipherus GAMBLE was growing old (he was born 13 Dec 1680); his wife had probably died; Lucy SKELTON, her companion, had secretly married his brother John, 13 Apr 1745, and on 14 May 1754 had taken Robert HILL for her second husband, and left St John's [fn - indec]. It was necessary to bring in other relatives, and young people if possible. Mrs LASSERRE, her sister Sarah, and her daughter Edith are invited (1757). We have a letter of invitation written to Edith HENDERSON:-
     "I need not inform you that you'll be all welcome here... the house is standing still, notwithstanding ye many storms... I've killed ye last bullock for ye season till grass beef come in... ye oysters soon going out of season but great plenty of 'em. My Aunt PHAIRE is to get up today. She has been so ill thather life was despaired of. Mr BENNETT since I received yours has not been here. Lord Rusborough has... Bring Trashey Sally with you, its for her good. I am."
     "To Edith HENDERSON, nigh South Gate, Cork."
     Dying 29 Mar 1762, Onesipherus GAMBLE left a large part of his estate to Mrs LASSERRE, her daughter Edith, and her sister Sarah PEIRCE, whereupon arose a fierce and long-contested litigation, the will in consequence being admitted to probate only in 1769. The suit was revived in 1783. It is interesting to record that much of the Cork property on Onesipherus GAMBLE became again the subject of litigation in 1828, and that in the course of the latter suit title deeds were produced in Cork ranging in date from Jan 1597 to Mar 1774 [fn - indec].
     The original litigation about Onesipherus GAMBLE's property was set on foot by John GAMBLE, son of his brother John. The elder John GAMBLE had gone in his youth to the island of Antigua, where members of his family were people of much wealth and influence. There he had made a fortune. He returned to Cork ca 1727, and on 13 Dec 1728, he married Anna BROWNE (Marr Cert dated 1730, 4m, 36 9 - P.R.O., Dublin), a person in humble circumstances. Two children were born of this marriage, a daughter Anne, who married in 1749 an inn-keeper named Thomas CUTTLE, and a son John. The marriage was held to be illegal, because it was performed by a Roman Catholic clergyman, said to have been the titular Bishop of Ross, and a lawsuit regarding it was heard in 1731 or 1732 in the Consistorial Court of Cork and Ross, and, on appeal, in the Court of the Archbishop of Cashel. It was during the litigation referred to above that the alleged judgement was given against Anna BROWNE in the Archbishop's Court, in 1733, that John GAMBLE Junior was therefore illegitimate, and consequently barred from heirship-at-law to his uncle's property. On John GAMBLE's side it was alleged that he had been verbally and in writing recognised as heir-at-law to his uncle, and that the will in favour of Mrs LASSERRE, Edith HENDERSON and Sarah PEIRCE had been obtained by undue influence, and that the decree invalidating the marriage of his father and mother had been obtained by collusion of the partied. John GAMBLE junior failed in his lawsuit.
     Onesipherus GAMBLE's grand-niece, Edith HENDERSON, married her cousin Henry PEIRCE, and died without issue, 5 Mar 1805, at Innishannon, near Bandon, Co Cork

     We now come to the extraordinary history of Robert PHAIRE, known as Robert PHAIRE of Dunmaine, eldest son of Thomas PHAIRE of Mountpleasant, who, on 12 Sep 1709, obtained a commission, signed by the Lord Lieutenant Lord WHARTON, as Lieutenant in Lord Slane's Regiment, in succession to his father, Lieut Thomas PHAIRE [fn - indec]. The regiment was ordered for service in Spain, Jan 1710-11, and had already been embarked fora fortnight waiting for favourable weather, when young PHAIRE was told by the Lieut-Colonel in actual command that his commission was superseded by one Henry TOMPKINS, and was ordered to quit the post. PHAIRE went for redress to the Lords Justices in Dublin, but meanwhile the Regiment had proceeded to Spain. Subsequently, by Apr 1717, he made the curious discovery that TOMPKINS's commission was to supersede not Robert but Thomas PHAIRE, and he "...humbly conceives Mr Henry TOMPKINS's commission wrong in justice and in fact." The War Office of  1710-11 had blundered!
     PHAIRE now submitted all the papers in the case before Lord Longford, who, 28 Apr 1717, certified his belief that the allegations were correct, and also that he had never heard of anything laid to PHAIRE's charge of misbehaviour of want of inclination for service for which he could deserve to be dismissed of lose his commission.
     The Government presumably felt that something was due to PHAIRE for this precipitate action of the Lieut-Colonel, and so in 1717 he was appointed riding officer of the coast of Waterford from Tramore to Monk Church, and he went to live as paying guest at the house of Stephen WORTHEVALE, a gentleman of Cornish extraction, agent in Co Waterford to Lord Doneraile [fn - indec]. WORTHEVALE had been agent to John OTTERINGTON, of Waterford, Lady Doneraile's grandfather.. PHAIRE married Mary WORTHEVALE, the only daughter f this family, he became a J.P. for the County and High Sheriff in 1722, and he kept a "pack of doggs." Mary PHAIRE nee WORTHEVALE died in 1724, and we have record of three children of this marriage, viz"- Stephen, Robert and Ann (Nancy), but their names do not appear after 1730 in any PHAIRE documents. It is just possible, however, that after the debacle to Robert PHAIRE that they may have lived with the WORTHEVALEs and have been the ancestors of the PHAIREs of Waterford, of a long subsequent date.
     Robert PHAIRE, now a widower, paid his addresses in 1726 to Elizabeth GROGAN nee WHITE, widow with 5 children of Cornelius GROGAN, and daughter of John WHITE of Ballyellis, Co Wexford, her mother having been a daughter of Sir Humphrey JARVIS of Dublin. He married Elizabeth GROGAN in that year, 29 Sept, and had already taken up residence at Dunmaine, where he seems to have pursued a very extravagant and spendthrift course of living. In Sep 1734, five children having then been born of this marriage, Elizabeth PHAIRE left her husband, who was shortly after arrested at Red Cross, in Co Wicklow, on his way to Dublin, by his brother-in-law John Jervis WHITE and Edward CHAMNEY, on a charge of bigamy, lodged in Wicklow gaol, tried on 29 Aug 1735, convicted,and sentenced to seven year's transportation to His Majesty's Plantations in America.
     An appeal was made, certain irregularities of procedure were alleged, as well as undue influence on the part of the High Sheriff of Wicklow over the jury, a majority of whom were said to have been fro acquittal; conspiracy was also alleged. PHAIRE was pardoned, but he was a ruined man. His wife refused to live with him longer, and she thenceforward resumed the name of GROGAN; he had squandered his possessions, a grant of 22 15s was made to him out of the Concordatum, 24 May 1742, and he was given a Commission in "the new levies." We next find him adjutant in Colonel Edward TRELAWNEY's regiment of foot to the garrison stationed at Rattan Island, in the Bay of Honduras, 25 Dec 1743 (Commission Book, vol.21, p.34, W.O. 25-21, P.R.O., London).
     This island was evacuated by British troops, 26 Dec 1749, but the curtain falls on the career of Robert PHAIRE on 25 Dec 1743. He was no longer young, was probably fifty years of age when he arrived at Rattan where his age and course of life did not conduce to longevity, the climate being tropical. Yet we are told that in 1796 at all events, Rattan enjoyed "...a situation of remarkable health, with excellent water, and a fertile soil producing in spontaneous abundance many of the necessities of life" (History of the British West Indies, by Bryan EDWARDS, iv, 74). Of the five children of this unhappy marriage only one, Elizabeth, survived to full age, and it is touching to read her letter, 6 Apr 1802, to John Know GROGAN: "This picture is my great-grandmother, Lady JARVIS, which I gave in keeping to your father after my mother's death, requesting your mother to wear it as neither would accept it as a present from me" (BETHAM MSs, Add MSs 23689).
     Elizabeth GROGAN nee WHITE died in 1754. She was born 5 Aug 1702, and when in 1726 she married Robert PHAIRE, she had already borne five children. Women often married very young in the early part of he eighteenth century.

     Herbert PHAIRE, second son of Thomas of Mountpleasant, was born in 1697 (fn - Answer to Chancery Bill: WOLSELEY v PHAIRE, 10 Jun 1728), and he obtained employment in the revenue, apparently about 1717, in succession to his eldest brother Robert (fn - Exchequer Bill: PHAIRE v PHAIRE, 14 May 1720). Subsequently he took up the business of vintner in Cork, in which he seems to have conjoined his brother-in-law Richard CHINNERY.
     In CAULFIELD's "Council Book of the Corporation of Cork" we find such entries as follows:- "5 Dec 1726. That Mr Herbert PHAIRE's two bills for two entertainments on 1 Aug and 29 Oct, one for £30 3s 9d, the other for £28 17s 2d, be paid"; "15 Nov 1727... payment of £51 15s 8d to Mr Herbert PHAYRE, the expense the day of the King's coronation," and other entries of the same tenor, including this:- "30 Apr 1739. That Rich'd CHINNERY's bill for an entertainment at Blackrock Castle, 9 Aug, £17 4s 2d, be paid."
     It will interest members of the Masonic Order to learn that in 1729 John Lord Kingston was installed Provincial Grand Master of Munster at the house of Brother Herbert PHAIRE in Cork (fn - Extracts from "Masonic Notes," by F.C. CROSALE, M.B., Vol III, p.339), who in 1749 was Senior Warden of Lodge No 1, Cork (GOULD's "History of Freemasons", vol.iii). About 1733 PHAIRE transferred his business, or part of it, to Dublin. We read as follows:- "1733. Christmas. PHAIRE Herbert, coquus gr. espl." Roll of Freemen of the City of Dublin, vol.iii, edited by Gertrude THRIFT (P.R.O., Dublin). It may be noted that, in the various guilds, cooks and vintners formed one class: hence the "coquus" above. The name of Herbert PHAIRE's wife is unknown, nor do we have any information as to his children. His wife, Mary "FAIRE," was buried in St Andrew's Churchyard, Dublin, 15 Nov 1845, and the registers of the same parish contain the baptisms of Jane PHAIR and George William FAIR, children of John PHAIR (FAIR), 19 Dec 1761 and 24 Jun 1764 respectively.
     This John PHAIR (FAIR) may have been Herbert's son, but we do not know. He is presumably one of the parties to a Deed 223, 206, 147952: 18 Sep 1761 (Registry of Deeds, Dublin): Memorial of a Deed of Lease between John PHAIRE, gent, and John SHEARER of Marylebone Lane in the suburbs of the City of Dublin, linen weaver. And probably he is also the plaintiff in the Chancery suit, 8 Apr 1771: John PHAIR v Edwrard GAMBLE (fn - indec.). John PHAIR is described in this suit as "...of the City of Dublin, dealer."
     We have some records of Herbert PHAIRE's life in Dublin. On 9 Dec 1735, "...a meeting of the Munster Gentlemen" was announced in Pue's Occurrences  for "...Monday next at the Stationers' Hall on Cork Hill... The entertainment to be provided by Mr Herbert PHAIRE." On 13 Apr 1736, "...a meeting of the creditors of James and John HAMILTON, Esq, was called at Mr Herbert PHAIRE's in Castle Street on Monday next" (ibid). In this year, Herbert PHAIRE went to London (fn - Chancery Bill: McDONNELL v PHAIRE, 5 Feb 1742) where he stayed for a short time. When Hugh DICKSON, Recorder of Cork, died in 1738, he owed Herbert PHAYRE £300 (fn - Exchequer Bill: DOYLE v Archbishop of Tuam, 30 Jan 1740). In 1751 we find him surety at the baptism in St Peter's Church, Cork, of Noblet Herbet, son of Thomas and Ann BARRON, and in the Cork Evening Post, 8 May 1760, we read: "To be let and entered on immediately the House on the North Strand in which Mr Herbert PHAIRE formerly lived in with a garden most pleasantly situated." It seems a reasonable inference that this son of Thomas PHAIRE returned to live in Cork, and ended his days there.
     He may have started the manufacture of paper at Brook Lodge, Glanmire, Cork, which was carried on for many years by the family of PHAIRE. In connection with the foregoing advertisement it is significant that the Cork Evening Post, 3 Dec 1759, announced the death " an advanced age at his house of Brook Lodge near this city, Mr Andrew O'MULLANE." We read in the Dublin Gazette and in FITZGERALD's "Cork Remembrancer":- "16 Feb 1771. Mr PHAIR's Paper-Mill and a great quantity of paper burned at Brook Lodge." In the Hibernian Journal, 9 Apr 1772, we read of an attack on Mr Edward PHAIR going to his father's at Brook Lodge, and again in the Dublin Gazette (1) 27-29 Apr 1775. "Mr Robert PHAIR of Brook Lodge, near Corke, to Miss SEYWARD of Mallow"; and (2) 11-14 Nov 1775, "Mr James CASEY to Miss PHAIR." The christian name of Robert alone stamps the husband of Miss SEYWARD as a descendant of Colonel Robert PHAIRE..

     We have entered into so much detail concerning Herbert PHAIRE because an American family of the name claims descent from him, but with no certainty. No documents that have yet been disclosed give the names of his wife and children, and it cannot be too firmly emphasized that guess-work is a very slender prop to a genealogical tree, though family tradition counts for something. A process of exclusion almost inevitably leads to the belief that Herbert PHAIRE must have been the ancestor of the PHAIREs of Brook Lodge. His uncle John PHAIRE left no sons living in Ireland; his brother Onesipherus had an only son but no grandsons; and his brother Thomas died unmarried. The only possible ancestor, therefore, of the PHAIREs of Brook Lodge are Robert PHAIRE of Dunmaine and Herbert PHAIRE.

     The pedigree of two distinguished descendants of Colonel Robert PHAIRE may here be given:-
     "I. Polly Anne PHAIRE = (1753) Henry NIXON - see PHAIRE Pedigree above. [Issue:]
     "Wilhelmina Frances (only child) = (1783) Francis HELY HUTCHINSON.
     "From this NIXON=HELY HUTCHINSON marriage descends in direct line the present Earl of Donaghmore."
     "II. The late Professor Edward DOWDEN, of Trinity College, Dublin, was also a descendant of Colonel Robert PHAIRE. Thus:-
     "Colonel Robert PHAIRE = (1) - - - [Issue:]
     " Mary PHAIRE = George GAMBLE of Cork. [Issue:]
     "Edith GAMBLE = (1695) James PEIRCE of Corran, Co Cork. Will pr 1719. [Issue:]
     "Ann PEIRCE = (1727) Thomas ROYCROFT. [Issue:]
     "Miriam ROYCROFT = (1756) Ricard DOWDEN of Bandon. [Issue:]
     "Richard DOWDEN, b c 1769, d 3 Apr 1823 = (2 Jun 1792) Ann SKEYS of Cork, d Aug 1812. [Issue:]
     "John Wheeler DOWDEN, b 20 Oct 1799 = (May 1826) Alicia BENNETT, d 3 MAr 1869. [Issue:]
     "Edward DOWDEN, youngest son, b 3 May 1843. Author of Shakespeare's Mind and Art, Life of Shelley, Poems, &c, Professor of English Literature, T.C.D. = (23 Oct 1866) Mary CLERKE, a son & two daughters.
     Note - Part of the above pedigree is derived from the DOWDEN family tree, which Miss Hilda DOWDEN, younger daughter of the late Professor  Edward DOWDEN, very kindly placed at the writer's service.

     With a single exception documents or copies of documents exist in support of all the foregoing genealogical and other statements. The writer has abstracts of those original documents which were destroyed in the Public Record Office, Dublin. The exception is that no document is now extant to show that St Leger CHINNERY, sometime head master of the Bandon Grammar School was son of the Richard CHINNERY who married Elizabeth PHAIRE. That statement is based upon family tradition, all statements in support of it having been dispersed and lost in process of time. Perhaps the sstrongest proof that can be adduced on the point is that the Rev Richard St Leger CHINNERY, a practicing barrister before he took Holy Orders, had one of his daughters baptized "Elizabeth Phaire" (fn - The authority for the name of this daughter of the REv Ricard St.L. CHINNERY is in the Registry of Deeds, Dublin, New Book, 24, 281, in which the names of his three daughters are set out, viz: Charlotte, Frances, and Elzabeth PHAIRE). His widow told her only son, who still survives, of this descent which, in the circumstances, seems to be sufficient evidence."


And so to the major item for this blog-page, very largely sourced from WELPLY's excellent article of 1924-27.

Arms - "Gules, a Fer de moulin Argent, a baston Azure."
[Same Arms as Sir Guy FERRE of Benhall, Suffolk, Edward II Roll - see Joseph FOSTER's "Some Feudal Coats of Arms" from which the above illustration is reproduced.]
Or instead "Gules, a cross recerclée Argent, a baston Azure" [SEGAR & HARLEIAN Rolls].


Sir Richard PHAIRE, of Stokesley, Yorkshire; married with issue:
1. John PHAIRE, baptised at Stokesley, 26 Aug 1576; probably married, with issue:
     a. Richard PHAIRE, baptised at Stokesley, 18 Sep 1601.
     b. Elizabeth PHAYRE, bapt ditto, 15 Jan 1604.
     c. Jane PHAIRE, bapt ditto, 21 Jan 1606.
     d. Phillip PHAIRE, bapt ditto, 21 Feb 1608.
     e. Els PHAIRE, bapt ditto, 26 May 1611.
     f. Emanuel PHAIRE, bapt Stokesley, 4 Sep 1619; probably married twice, with issue.
2. Emanuel PHAIRE, bapt at Stokesley, 3 Jun 1759. Possibly the Rev gentleman who went to Ireland. See [A] below.
3. Anne PHAIRE, bapt ditto, 19 Aug 1581.
4. Fauncis PHAIRE, bapt ditto, 12 Jan 1584.
5. Elisabeth PHAIRE, bapt ditto, 26 Mar 1586.
Rev Luke PHEYRE, born Yorks, ca 1590, Vicar of Abbots Bickington, 1616; father of William PHARE who succeeded him at Abbots Bickington in 1631. Possibly related to the above.
Emanuel PHAIR, yeoman of Sutcombe, Devon, was named as overseer & witness (with Samuel and Thomas PHAIR) to the will, signed 1 May 1649, of his father-in-law, George PRIDEAUX of Sutcombe, Devon, & proved P.C.C., 2 Apr 1651. Emanuel was probably baptized at Sutcombe, 19 Jan 1600, son of Miles PHAIER (adm Brasenose Coll, Oxon, 20 Jul 1578, aged 20, born Lancashire; M.A. 1585; Rector of Sutcombe, 1596). Emanuel died intestate in 1670, and administration of his effects was granted to his kinsmen, Thomas PHAYRE of Sutcombe (his will 1677), Samuel PHAYRE of Werrington (his will 1671) and John HOCKING of Frithelstock (his wife was Ann PHAYRE), al in Devon.
This family was possibly related to the next.


[A] Emanuel PHAIRE (or PHERE, PHAYER, &c), possibly born at Stokesley, Yorks, 1579; A.B., ordained Deacon by William, Bishop of Oxford, 23 Dec 1604, and Priested by the Bishop next day; Vicar of Kilshannig, County Cork, 1612 until 1641; already in Ireland, 8 Jan 1612, when he attested to "...the delivery to John TRAVERS, Registrar, of Cork, of the books of wills, etc, by Ellin GOULDE"; mentioned in 1615 - "Kilshannig residens, Rectoria impropriata. Cormack Donogh CARTY, firmarius. Vicarius Emanuel PHAIRE. Val. 4 li p.a. Ecclesia et cancella ruinatur" - and in 1634, Vicar, "...val. 12 li p.a."; Vicar also of Clonmeen and Roskeen, 1615, & Curate of Kilbrin & Castlemagner (under Vicar Peter BETTESWORTH, who was also subulter), 1615, all Impropriate Rectories in the gift of John JEPHSON, Miles, the church at Clonmeen being in good repair, the one at Roskeen being in ruins; P. of Kilmacleny, 1633, although recorded at "Kilmaclenine, Emanuel PHAIR, A.B., val. 10 li p.a." in 1621, and admitted there 6 Jun 1621 by Letters Patent of King James dated 9 Mar, & installed 18 Jun; of Mourne Abbey, 1634 & 1641.
Emanuel made his deposition concerning the plundering by the rebels " Candlemas last" of his estates at Kilvalid, parish of Kilshannig, on 23 May 1642, claiming losses of £87 (including cows & yearlings, £12; hay, 20s; household stuff, £10; assessed improved value on remaining 12 years of the lease of Kilvalid Farm, £40; ditto on lease of another farm at Quarterstown, £18); this is the last mention yet found in records for Emanuel PHAIRE.

Emanuel PHAIRE was married, and it has been speculated that his wife was a JEWELL, as their son Colonel Robert PHAIRE mentioned in his will a cousin William JEWELL; and it appears that Sir John JEPHSON, of Froyle, Hants, & of Castle Mallow, Co Cork, who had the gift of the ecclesiastical livings in Ireland enjoyed by Emanuel PHAIRE before the Rebellion, had a sister, Catherine JEPHSON, who was married to a John JEWELL; which presumed brother-in-law of a brother-in-law relationship might account for Emanuel being enticed to go over to Ireland when he did.
Emanuel PHAIRE and his wife had issue, perhaps among others, a son Robert PHAIRE. See [B] next.
Some researchers have suggested that there was another son, un-named; this is, of course, quite possible, and might account for the origins of other Irish PHAIRE families -although the lack of any mention by Colonel Robert of PHAIRE nephews or nieces in his will does rather tend to rule this possibility out.


[B] Robert PHAIRE, born Co Cork, ca 1618-19; not much is known of him before the start of the Rebellion in Nov 1641, when he would have been aged about 22, and probably as yet unmarried; on the day after his father, he too deposed before the Commissioners that his property at Kilvalid had also been despoiled, to the value of £51 10s (including cows, £15 10s; hay, 30s; outstanding debts due from Edmund ROCHE, one of the rebels, £24; corn in ground, 5 10s; and improved value of leasehold at Quarterstown, £9).
During the early stages of the Rebellion, until the first Cessation of Arms negotiated in Sep 1643, it appears that Robert saw Army service, possibly with William JEPHSON, and probably under the command of Murrough O'BRIEN, the Earl of Inchiquin; but whether he went to England with Inchiquin, to serve King Charles in his battles against Parliamentary forces, is unknown; if he did, and then returned to Ireland with Inchiquin in 1644, then it is not impossible that he may have made his first marriage, for which we have no record, in England - although he would have had very little time for wooing her.


PHAIRE was commissioned Lieutenant-Colonel, 17 Sep 1646, evidently on the recommendation of Sir Hardress WALLER; but when Inchiquin changed sides again, Robert remained loyal to the Parliamentary cause; whereupon he was arrested & "...imprisoned in several castles," Feb 1648, and with several colleagues (Sir William FENTON & Major Nicholas PURDON), became the subject of a prisoner exchange by which Inchiquin obtained the release & return to Ireland of his own son. The exchange was completed by the return voyage of the ship Assurance, under command of the Roundhead Admiral, William PENN Sr (father of the Quaker founder of Pennsylvania), who took a Dutch prize (14 guns) on the return voyage to Bristol, in Dec 1648, and which brought Robert PHAIRE back to England; and very shortly to the attention of Oliver CROMWELL himself.
For, in Jan 1649, Robert was one of three Colonels to whom was addressed the warrant for the death of King Charles, the other two being Francis HACKER & Hercules HUNKS; but PHAIRE declined to sign the orders to the executioner, which alleged "refusal" to do so may have contributed to his lenient treatment after the Restoration.


Still on good terms with CROMWELL, Colonel PHAIRE raised a regiment "...of Kent" and took it to
Ireland in 1649, capturing Youghal with 500 troops in Nov 1649; shortly after, CROMWELL appointed him Governor of Cork, and to a commission (together with Lord BROGHILL, his old prisoner exchange colleague Sir William FENTON, & Admirals BLAKE & DEANE) for settling the affairs of Munster; and in 1654, PHAIRE was made a Justice of the Peace for County Cork, as we shall see from an item which recounted his earlier activities, as follows:
"24 Mar 1654 - Coll Robert PHAIR, now Governor of Cork, aged thirty-five, about the latter end of August 1649, presently after the landing of Lord Lieutenant CROMWELL, knew divers prisoners of his old acquaintance who were in the Lord Inchiquin's army, and taken at the route before Dublin, which he knew to be honest hearted towards the English interest; and some of these stayed, by his advice, in Inchiquin's army on purpose to serve such interest; and therefore this exam't made it his request to L'd-Lieutenant CROMWELL and Lord IRETON, that such of the prisoners as he should choose might have paroles to come down to Munster to procure their ransom and exchange, which was only a disguise for their employment thither in Co Cork, and had instructions to several well-effected persons to inform them of the Lord-Lieut's design to redeem the English inhab's of said county and parts adjacent from the bondage that Inchiquin had brought them under - said persons to return within a month to give an account of their proceedings; which service all the undermentioned persons did perform except Capt EAMES, who was betrayed and imprisoned and was like to be hang'd; the names of the persons employed were Capt John EAMES, Lieut Rob't FOULKE, Capt Rob't TOWNESEND, & others dep't doth not remember, only Lieut Thos GILBERT; the last mentioned was to repair to Castlemawne, Co Kerry, & acquaint Cornet John JOANES, then Gov'r, to prepare the place with provisions, and hold said castle until L'd-Lieut CROMWELL would send forces thither, but the return said GILBERT gave was, that the Cornet was put out of the castle by Inchiquin, at which the Cornet was much troubled."
["The Council Book of the Corporation of the City of Cork, 1609-43 & 1680-100," Ed Richard CAULFIELD, Billings & Son, Guildford, Surrey, 1876, App. B, pp.1164-65. Cited in part in an item by C.H.E. CARMICHAEL in Notes & Queries, 6th Ser, II, 21 Aug 1880, p.150.]

Again in 1654, and as cited by J.P. PRENDERGAST ["The Cromwellian Settlement of Ireland," Notes & Queries, 9th Ser, VI, 8 Dec 1900, p.47], PHAIRE, along with others (probably the above-mentioned commission), was given powers to set aside lands in Orrery, Condon & Duhallo, & other baronies in Co Cork, in satisfaction of arrears due to troops being named in the schedule annexed to the commission; and in one of the orders authorizing partial disbandment of certain regiments, Capt CARTARETT's Company of Col PHAIRE's Regiment is mentioned as acquiring lands in Co Wexford - this appears to be one of the less scrupulous ways in which PHAIRE may have acquired extensive estates, by "purchasing" or otherwise acquiring the arrears vouches of their ordinary soldiers who did not wish to take up properties in Ireland when their companies were disbanded.


Robert PHAIRE was back in London, where on 8 Jul 1657 he met by appointment with Thomas YATE (later Principal of Brasenose College, Oxford) & secured agreement for a company, comprising YATE, John CUTLER, Edward HEATH, Robert CLAYTON (later Governor of the Bank of England), Didier FOURCHANT, Bethiah ABBOTT & John CHAPMAN, to establish and operate an iron-ore mine and a smelting furnace at Enniscorthy, County Wexford; as PHAIRE was returning to Ireland, he was overtaken at Gloucester by Timothy STAMPE, who had been appointed Agent for the company, and together they completed the journey; STAMPE inspected the Enniscorthy site, and advised his principals that they had insufficient funds for complete purchase, and induced PHAIRE & other owners to accept shares in the company as part payment; from this starting point, the PHAIRE family had, by 1730, become the sole owners of the works.
On 15 Oct 1657, Col PHAIRE wrote from Rostelane, Co Cork, to Henry CROMWELL, and the original letter (British Museum, Lansdowne MSs, 281, f.220) has the signature, "Rob't PHAIER," which is deemed, by those who have seen both, to have been identical to the signature on the 1642 deposition concerning the despoiling of Kilvalide.
And which, if correct, also suggests that we have the spelling of the name wrong!

During the Cromwellian inter-regnum, there was shown a considerable degree of religious tolerance towards non-established sects, in particular the Quakers, and new forms of diverse sects arose. PHAIRE was observed attending Quaker meetings in Cork, as mentioned by Maj-Gen Henry CROMWELL in his letter dated at Dublin on 6 Feb 1655[-56]:
"Our most considerable enemy now in our view are the quakers, who begin to growe in some reputation in the county of Corke: their meetings are being attended frequently by Col. PHAIRE, Major WALLIS and most of the chief officers thereabout. Some of our souldiers have bin perverted by them, and amongst the rest, his highness cornet of his iron troop is a professed quaker and hath writte to mein their stile. Major HODDER, Governor of Kinsale, is I feare going their way: he keeps one of them to preache to his souldiers.I think their principles and practices are not very consistent with civil government, much less so with the discipline of an army. Some think they have noe designe, but I am not of that opinion. Their counterfeit simplicitie renders them the more dangerous."
[Cited by W.W. C---K in Notes & Queries, 6th Ser., 5 Nov 1881, p.371.]

CROMWELL clearly spoke his mind - but he would have known that it was not beyond PHAIRE's responsibilities as Governor of Cork was to keep an eye on groups like the Quakers, and attending meetings would have been an integral part of that surveillance - although we now know that PHAIRE was at least sympathetic to their causes.
Indeed, some believed that PHAIRE had become one of that Society of Friends; however, the records kept by the Quakers were both detailed and extensive, and none of the surviving records mention him as being a member. He did, however, join the Muggletonians (see further below).


Upon the Restoration, Colonel PHAIRE was arrested in Cork, and on 29 May 1660 was escorted to Dublin by 50 troops, of whom it has been said that they offered PHAIRE a chance to escape, but that he chose to proceed voluntarily with them, and to his judgement.
From Dublin, PHAIRE, together with Colonel HUNKS, Capt William HOWLETT and Counsellor John COOKE, under the guard of Captain Hugh CLOTWORTHY, was conducted through Chester to London, and there, by Order of the Council, dated 13 Jun 1660, committed to the Tower.

But Robert was not put upon his trial as a Regicide; and on 28 Feb 1662 he was paroled for 3 months for the recovery of his health into the care of his 2nd & recently acquired father-in-law, Sir Thomas HERBERT (he had been rewarded by the new King with a Baronetcy for his dutiful service to his late father, the executed King, as a Groom of the Privy Chamber), then residing in Petty France (later York Street) in Westminster; on 6 Jun 1662 his parole was extended by another 2 months; & then, on 22 Jun, the Council at Hampton Court ordered that he be released on his own surety to appear in Dublin on 24 Aug 1662, there to render himself to the Lord Lieutenant, James BUTLER, the Duke of Ormonde.
Before being paroled & released, PHAIRE's name was removed from the list of Regicides, on the recommendation of the Duke of Ormonde, & apparently by the hand of the King himself; but when he was brought before the King's Council, he was requested to provide evidence against the other Regicides, which he is said to have declined, resulting him being returned to the Tower; and then again, for a second time; finally, after Ormonde offered to be bound for him, he was requested to take the Oaths of Allegiance & Supremacy, after which his pardon would be made out; he said he would take the first & keep it religiously, but could not take the second, as he believed that only Christ could be the head of his church; fortunately for PHAIRE, the King's brother, the Duke of York, cracked hardy over this last response, evidently declaring: "Would my brother have Colonel PHAIRE swear that he is the head of the Church of Christ - I swear by God he is not!"; and when the King apprehended the cause of the ensuing laughter, saw the humour in it, and gave PHAIRE his pardon.
This event, recorded by the Colonel's son Alexander Herbert PHAIRE in a letter dated 1742, would have undoubtedly precipitated the Council's release order of 22 Jun 1662.
It is highly likely that Thomas HERBERT's family grew up at Court - Grooms of the Privy Chamber were on full-time duty, and were lodged, with their families, in the Palace grounds; and so it is likely that Charles (II) & his brother were acquainted with Elizabeth HERBERT during their childhood, & perhaps well acquainted if she, like her predecessors, was regarded as one of the "Maids of Honour" (such as Queen Elizabeth had to entertain her Court before the rule of King James I & VI, Charles II's grandfather). A very handy wife for PHAIRE to have recently acquired!


But PHAIRE was late for his Dublin appointment with his surety, the Lord Lieutenant, the Duke of Ormonde. He cited being held up in County Devon, on the journey over - which has been interpreted to indicate a perhaps likely relationship to the PHAYRE family which had continued connections in that County.

Thereafter, PHAIRE was restored to his estates in the counties Cork and Wexford, kept the peace, and so had quiet enjoyment of them; and although suggestions were made of his implication in a disturbance in Jun 1663, no evidence was forthcoming, and he continued to live unmolested by the authorities, despite his being "...a marked man."
One of his detractors was Roger BOYLE (the 3rd son of Richard BOYLE, 1st Earl of Cork), the former Baron of Broghill (1628), & later the Earl of Orrery (1660), who arrested PHAIRE in 1663, committed him to imprisonment in the King's Citadel in Limerick, & reported the fact to the His Majesty. It had earlier been alleged, perhaps by BOYLE himself, that PHAIRE had stacked juries in property cases heard during the inter-regnum by Justice & Regicide John COOKE (with whom PHAIRE had remained on very good terms), and which were often adjudicated to BOYLE's disadvantage.

PHAIRE was again accused of plotting against the government in Munster in 1666, but again he escaped censure & without penalty, it is said by the intervention of Lord Clancarty [Notes & Queries, 5th Ser., XII, 18 Oct 1879, p.311-2].

In late 1669, William PENN Jr, the future founder of Pennsylvania, visited Ireland to sort out property arrangements (leases, &c) in Munster for his father, William PENN Sr, the former Cromwellian Admiral who had transported PHAIRE on the prisoner exchange over to Bristol in 1648; and while he was at it, PENN Jr also took his opportunities to plead for persecuted Quakers in the Kingdom.
PENN's diary of his visit ["My Irish Journal" - viewable on the web-site] makes many mentions of Colonel PHAIRE (without the E), and some of his relations, as follows:
24 Nov 1669 - Thomas GOOKIN, Colonel PHAIR & Priest ROULES dined here [in Dublin].
25 Nov 1669 - ...from thence to Colonel PHAIR's lodgings where I met Sir St John BRODERICK, where we discussed PHAIR's matters...
26 Nov 1669 - ...Colonel PHAIR came to see me...
27 Nov 1669 - Sir Amos MEREDITH, Colonel PHAIR, Lt-Col WALKER dined with me at my lodging [still in Dublin].
     PENN left Dublin on 30 Nov & travelled via Rathcool, Carlow, Clonmel & Tallow, arriving at Cork on 6 Dec.
6 Dec 1669 - I left Colonel BENT's and went to see Colonel PHAIR's wife...
12 Dec 1669 - ...went to see Colonel PHAIR's wife...
20 Dec 1669 - We went to Colonel PHAIR's. We supped there; lay at Colonel PHAIR's.
23 Dec 1669 - Went about admeasuring P. WALKHAM's land... So to Colonel PHAIR's, who has come home.
25 Dec 1669 - ... and I went to Cork by Colonel PHAIR's, where first we dined.
11 Jan 1669-70 - Colonel PHAIR came to see me; we went to GALE's.
18 Jan 1669-70 - Colonel PHAIR and SAPH and their wives...GALE & John PHAIR came to see me...
19 Jan 1669-70 - I went to Colonel PHAIR's with Capt GALE; lay there.
20 Jan 1669-70 - Colonel PHAIR & I went to Garrett FITZGERALD's of Lisquinlan to view Clonmain.
21 Jan 1669-70 - I went and Colonel WALLIS to Colonel PHAIR's about the reference... To Colonel PHAIR's servant 1s.
1 Feb 1669-70 - Major FARMER & Major WOODLEY came to Capt BENT's; I spoke to them, from thence we went to Cork, Capt BOLES being with us. We met Colonel PHAIR, his wife and several of his family.
2 Feb 1669-70 - From Cork we went to Kinsale. I was at the Fort, was visited by GOOKIN & others. George WEBBER & George GAMBLE came to see me about the burying place, bought of Jo. GALWAY.
11 Feb 1669-70 - George GAMBLE & I came to Col PHAIR's, & so to Capt BENT's, where we dined.
17 Feb 1669-70 - Capt (sic) PHAIR & I ended PRIGG's & GALE's business.
7 Mar 1669-70 - Retired to Colonel PHAIR's, supped there, then to Col BENT's.
27 Apr 1670 - Valentine GREATRAKES, Colonel PHAIR, etc, dined here. Capt ROUS & Capt WAKEHAM...
25 May 1670 - Capt GALE had his lease finished. Colonel PHAIR came and his wife to see us.


PHAIRE was sympathetic to the PENN & his Quaker cause, and he is mentioned but once by Thomas WIGHT in his "History of the Rise and Progress of the People called Quakers in Ireland from the Year 1653 to 1700," at page 109, as Col. FARE, and having interceded, with Sir W. KING and Lady BROWNE, in the release from prison of a Quakeress named Barbara BLANGDON [as cited by W.W. C---K in Notes & Queries, 6th Ser, Vol. IV, 5 Nov 1881, p.371].
However, there is no documentary evidence of his ever having been a member of the Society of Friends, and their records are sufficiently comprehensive for us to presume that he never did join them formally (see above).
But he is recorded as having become a member of a much smaller "sect" known as the Muggletonians.
This detail can be found the writings of the founder of the sect, Ludowicke MUGGLETON ["Acts of Witnesses," 1699, Vol.IV, p.3 - as cited by V.H.I.L.I.C.I.V. in Notes & Queries, 6th Ser, Vol. IV, 26 Nov 1881, p. 431], as follows:
"Also there was one Robert PHARE, he was Governor of the City of Corke in Ireland, he was inclineable to be a Quaker; but after he saw me, and had read our Writings, he became a true Believer of this Commission of the Spirit, and so did the Lady his Wife; she became the chief Champion in this faith of all the Women in that nation. Also he had Four Sons and Daughters that were true Believers. He was the cause of many Persons of Value in that Kingdom of Ireland that truly did Believe, as one Captain MOSS and his wife, and Doctor MOSS his son; and Captain GAILL, & Major DENSON, & Mr George GAMBLE, & Mr ROGERS, Merchant."
His first encounter with MUGGLETON may have occurred as early as 1662 in London - PHAIRE's 2nd wife Elizabeth HERBERT, "...the Lady his wife," is said to have met MUGGLETON in 1662 at her father's house in London, and thereupon joined the Muggletonians. It would be interesting to know if PHAIRE was then still in the Tower, and whether he was already a member; or joined after his release, perhaps after Elizabeth was already a member?
On 9 Aug 1675, Ludovicke MUGGLETON, wrote from Postern, London, to "...his loving friend" Col Robert PHAIRE in Ireland, and wishing to be remembered to "...his son-in-law George GAMBLE and your dear daughter his wife, and to Dr MOSS..."
Several of MUGGLETON's letters to PHAIRE were delivered in person by Valentine GREATRAKES, the celebrated "Stroaker"; he cured PHAIRE of " acute fever in a few minutes" by stroking, as described by PHAIRE's son Alexander Herbert in his letter of 29 Feb 1743-44:
"My father, who had the least implicit faith of any man, was in a violent fever, and Mr GREATRAKES turned it away in two minutes. He had another time a terrible ague [fn] which when a fit struck him Mr GREATRAKES cured in a minute, by holding him by the wrists, and he never had a fit after. Mr GREATRAKES also cured a sister of mine of the King's Evil by stroking."
"Footnote - In his letter to Robert BOYLE, Mr GREATRAKES describes his visit to Col PHAIRE of Cahirmoney, Co Cork, on Thur 6 Apr 1665, when he took away his ague by stroking."
[British Museum, Dr BIRCH's Collection, Add MSs No 4291, pp.311-12. As cited by WELPLY.]


Robert PHAIRE was recorded as having died at Grange in the autumn of 1682, aged 63, "...peaceably near Cork and was buried in the Anabaptist burying yard of that city" [SMITH's "History of Cork," Vol.i, p.206].
There is some indication that he may have died on 19 Sep 1683, aged 62, as the result of a stroke - a letter written by Paul CUDMORE, PHAIRE's Solicitor, who had just travelled from Dublin to PHAIRE's house in Cork, wrote that PHAIRE "...was ill at the time and died soon after having been for some days before his death speechless" [unsourced quote by Barbara PHAYRE, "Cromwell's Legacy," p.30].

PHAIRE's son Alexander Herbert wrote in 1750, after SMITH's "History" had been published - "As to the place of burial he assigns my Father, It was not thot. of 50 years after his death, being built about 20 years ago."
As far as I am aware, no evidence of his grave has ever been located.

PHAIRE signed his will on 13 Sep 1682; he made a codicil for which the date has not survived, but given that he died on 19 Sep, the codicil may have been made later on the day he signed it; and it was proved on 13 Nov in the same year. WELPLY made an abstract of it before it was destroyed in the Four Courts fires in 1922, as follows:
"PRER. WILL of Colonel Robert PHAIRE: sgd 13 Sep 1682.
"PROBATE granted to Onesipherus PHAIRE 13 Nov 1682.
"I, Robert PHAIRE of Grange, Co Cork, Barony of Barretts.
"ITEM: To my wife Elizabeth £1,000 to be first paid hereout of the money payable on my account out of the ironworks and lands etc in Co Wexford, Barony of Scarawalsh. Also I give and bequeath to her my farm of Grange where now I live, with Killhumery, Clasheganiff and the Glebe, and the issues and profits thereof for so many years as she shall live, and after her decease I devise said lands to my son Onesipherus PHAIRE. Also I give unto my said wife and my son Onesipherus all my stock to be equally divided between them; all my gold plate, jewells, household goods, to my wife.
"ITEM: To my son Onesipherus the inheritance of my lands of Dromore and my wood thereunto belonging and also my leased lands in the Barony of Barretts via Ballygronans in the present possession of my cousin Robert PEARCE, and East and West Fergus and Claramore in the Barony of Duhallow, and also all the lands which I hold by lease from Alderman Erasmus SMITH in the Co and Town of Tipperary; my son Onesipherus allowing to my cousin Ensign William JEWELL one shilling a day for life.
"ITEM: To my son-in-law Richard FARMER £1,000 to be equally divided betwixt his children by my dau Eliz FARMER.
"ITEM: Daus Frances, Lucy, Elizabeth, sons Thomas, Alexander, [WELPLY did place this comma here] Herbert, John, £1,000 each. To my dau Mary GAMBLE ['s] husband George GAMBLE £1,000 similarly for her children. All these portions to be paid out of the issues and profits of the ironworks etc in Co Wexford. £30 to cousin Robert PEARSE. £100 to cousin Mary WALKHAM one year after the day of her marriage. £20 to Nathl ROLES. £5 p.a. for life to Dorothy, wife of Wm LADY, ditto to Nurse STACY. After payment of all legacies, residue of benefit of ironworks to go one moiety to Onesipherus PHAIRE and the other moiety to wife and all my children.
"In a CODICIL: £100 to George GAMBLE Jr, £20 to Charity and £20 to Jane GAMBLE, children of George GAMBLE Sr by his first wife, and £125 each to Mary GAMBLE & Elizabeth FARMER. The GAMBLE legacies to be conditioned on George GAMBLE securing unto his wife the house and lands he now lives on being half the plowland of Monagourney. Abraham MORRIS to be an overseer and to have £10. £20 to 'my cos. Ruth HUBARD.'
["O'Kief, Coshe Mang, Slieve Lougher & Upper Blackwater in Ireland," Compiled by Albert Eugene O'CASEY, Alanama, 1968, Vol.XIV, p.659. See further will abstracts at the end of this blog.]


Robert PHAIRE made two marriages. The identity of his first wife is not known, and details of the marriage have not been found.
Family folklore has suggested that she may have been a GAMBLE, but as this is based on a presumption that she was buried in Gloucester, and that that is where the GAMBLE family is believed to have originated, the grounds for this speculation do not appear to be too substantial.
Another line of speculation suggests she was a daughter, or a sister, of Onesipherus HOUGHTON of Ballingarry, County Cork. That PHAIRE gave the name Onesipherus to his son & heir suggests it may have been from his mother's side, but in the absence of any evidence for that, it perhaps instead came from the family of his wife & Onesipherus's mother; and WELPLY has argued that as the name Onesipherus did not appear in the GAMBLE family until after Mary PHAIRE became George GAMBLE's 2nd wife, then it is unlikely to have come from that family connection.

The marriage would probably have taken place about 1648-50, as there is mention by Col John JONES, in a letter dated 29 Jul 1653, of PHAIRE's "...wife and her babies" [see WELPLY, 1925, above].


By this first marriage, Robert had issue:
1. Onesipherus PHAIRE, perhaps born ca 1649, the eldest son; of Grange; remained in Ireland during the trials of 1698, observing the eviction by Lord Kilmallock of his step-mother Elizabeth & her family from the family estate at Grange, and the duress she was subjected after being let back in; he died in Jun 1702; married ca 1670s, Elizabeth ALDWORTH, daughter of Richard ALDWORTH of Newmarket, Co Cork; they had issue:
     a. Elizabeth PHAIRE, born ca 1675; died before 1758; married 1stly, 1692, Major Edward ROGERS of Templeshannon, Co Cork; he died in 1711; she married 2ndly, before 1722, her cousin Onesipherus GAMBLE; by Edward ROGERS she had issue:
          i. Elizabeth ROGERS, born 1693; died at Templeshannon, Jul 1778, aged 85; married before 1722, as his 2nd wife, Richard DONOVAN.
          ii. Edward ROGERS Jr; named in his uncle Aldworth PHAIRE's will, 1758.
     b. Robert PHAIRE, b ca 1670s; of Grange; died 3 Oct 1712; married his cousin Anne GAMBLE (she died before 1727, having married 2ndly Emanuel PIGOTT of Chetwynd, Cork); issue:
          i. Robert PHAIRE, born 1701; adm Wadham Coll, Oxon, 22 Oct 1718, aged 17; said to have died in 1742, without issue; married 1720, Margaret PATRICKSON.
          ii. Onesipherus PHAIRE; of Templeshannon, near Enniscorthy; died on 23 Sep 1757; married by M.L.B. dated 18 Nov 1736, Frances HENDERSON, daughter of Rev Dr John PATRICKSON, with issue. See [A] below.
          iii. Elizabeth PHAIRE, born 1702.
     c. Aldworth PHAIRE; of St John's Manor, Enniscorthy, Co Wexford; died 1762, without issue; will dated 7 Jul 1758, proved 12 May 1762 (see abstract below).
2. John PHAIRE, perhaps born ca 1651; bequest of £200 "...for his trouble" in the will of George WEBBER, dated Mar 1673, and executor of same (so clearly of age, & therefore born before Mar 1652); named in William PENN Jr's Diary, entry dated 18 Jan 1670, as "...GALE & John PHAIR came to see me..."; died 1677; probably unmarried.
3. Elizabeth PHAIRE, poss born before Jul 1653; living 1691; married 1676, Richard FARMER of Arderack, Co Cork (his mother was a GAMBLE); he died in 1691, his will dated 1 Jan & proved 28 Mar same year; issue:
     a. Jasper FARMER; of Ardevolane, Co Tipp; but as he was executor of his father's will in 1691, & presumably therefore of age, perhaps issue of an earlier marriage? He died in 1715, having married Elizabeth ROGERS, daughter of George ROGERS of Ashgrove, Co Cork, by his 1st wife Anne ATKINS (& whose 2nd wife, Mary WAKEHAM, was Col Robert PHAIRE's relation, and mother by George of Lucy ROGERS, 1st wife of Emanuel PIGOTT of Chetwynd, Co Cork); issue:
          i. Richard FARMER; died 1730, unmarried.
          ii. Anne ROGERS; named in her grandfather George ROGERS' will, 1709.
     b. Robert FARMER, b 1677; of Fergus, Co Cork, & Thurles Beg, Co Tipp; Army Major; died 1743; married 1700, Grace HOVELL, of Mt Hovell, Co Cork; she died 1763, aged 80; issue:
          i. Hovell FARMER.
          ii. Edward FARMER; Capt, Royal Marines; died 1784; married 1stly, 1738, Katherine OATES formerly ST BARBE; married 2ndly, 1772, Frances ROBERTS of Clover Hill, Co Cavan; issue both marriages.
          iii. Richard FARMER.
          iv. Grace FARMER; married Hon Richard HILL of Beare Forest, Co Cork.
          v. Elizabeth FARMER; married John BEARE of Cork.
          vi. Jane (Joan) FARMER; married William WAKEHAM of South Hill, Cork; he made his will on 17 Oct 1716, of Little Island, Co Cork, naming his wife, son John, daughter-in-law Anne BENNETT, brothrt Robert WAKEHAM alias PYNE, and brother-in-law Samuel FARMER.
          vii. Hannah FARMER; died 1798; married William KEYES.
     c. John FARMER, born 1678; M.D.; of Ardra, Co Cork, 1699, when named as surety in the M.L. Bond of his uncle John PHAIRE's marriage to Mary WHITBY; he married Lucy WILKINSON; issue:
          i. Lucy FARMER.
          ii. Jasper FARMER; married 1stly, Mrs LASHER; married 2ndly,  Grace FARMER, daur of his cousin Hovell FARMER; issue by 1st marriage.
     d. Elizabeth FARMER; married 1706, John BROOME; died before Jan 1714; issue:
          i. Mary BROOME; married 1734, Joseph TURGIS.
4. Mary PHAIRE; named as executrix of her husband's will, 1694; probably named in the will of Richard WAKEHAM of Ballylogan, Co Cork, May 1710; married ca 1678, as his 2nd wife, George GAMBLE of Maryborough, Co Cork; he was a Quaker, & imprisoned in 1655; later a Muggletonian; his will dated 28 Nov 1694, proved 26 Jan 1695; by his 1st wife Elizabeth SACHWELL (married May 1664) George already had three daughters (Elizabeth, married WHEDDON; Charity, married BURNS; & Jane married FULLER); by Mary he had further issue:
     a. Edith GAMBLE; married in 1695, probably aged about 16, James PEIRCE of Curran; his will dated 1712, proved 1719; issue:
          i. Robert PEIRCE; under age in 1712; married with issue.
          ii. Elizabeth PEIRCE; married 1stly, Samuel HENDERSON, who died in South Carolina, with issue a daughter Edith HENDERSON; Elizabeth married 2ndly, in South Carolina, before 1760, Bernard LASSERRE.
          iii. Sarah PEIRCE; named in her uncle Onesipherus GAMBLE's will, 1760, unmarried; married Jasper FARMER.
          iv. Ann PEIRCE; married 1727, Thomas ROYCROFT, with issue.
     b. Onesipherus GAMBLE, born 13 Dec 1680; of St John's Manor, near Enniscorthy; died on 29 Feb 1762; his will dated 15 Apr 1760, pr 22 Jul 1678, named his niece Elizabeth LASSERRE & her daughter Edith HENDERSON, niece Sarah PEIRCE, John GAMBLE the illegitimate son of his late brother John, brother-in-law Aldworth PHAIRE, aunt Mrs Mary PHAYRE of St John's, the widow TURGIS, and cousin Charles HILL; Onesipherus married in 1712 his cousin Elizabeth, widow of Edward ROGERS, & daugter of Onesipherus PHAIRE of Grange; evidently without issue.
     c. Anne GAMBLE; as she was not named in George GAMBLE Sr's will, she may instead have been a daughter of his son George GAMBLE Jr by his 1st SACHWELL wife; she married 1stly her cousin Robert PHAIRE of Grange; she married 2ndly, 23 May 1722, as is 2nd wife, Emanuel PIGOTT of Chetwynd, Co Cork; issue by 1st husband, as shown above.
WELPLY did record further issue of George & Mary GAMBLE, but as they were not named in George Sr's will in 1694, they were perhaps instead of another but probably related George GAMBLE, associated with Antigua.

Details of this first wife's death and burial are also unknown, but she probably died in or before 1657.


Robert married 2ndly, at St Werburgh's (C.of I.), Dublin, on 16 Aug 1658, Elizabeth HERBERT, the 2nd daughter of Thomas HERBERT of Tintern, Co Monmouth (created a Baronet in 1660 for his service in the Privy Chamber to the executed King Charles I) by Lucy ALEXANDER (her father William was created 1st Earl of Stirling).
WELPLY reminds us that there were was another Thomas HERBERT, also from Monmouth, a Colonel in the Army, and Clerk to the Council in Ireland, who was cerated a Knight 1658 in Dublin. He was almost certainly related to the Baronet, and Elizabeth may have been visiting his family in Dublin at the time of her marriage to PHAIRE.

By this 2nd marriage, Robert had further issue:

5. Thomas PHAIRE; of Mountpleasant; Lieut in a Regiment of Foot commanded by Christopher FLEMING (Lord Baron of Slane) or Slane's Regiment, on the Irish Establishment, since its founding in 1700, & resigned his commission, Sep 1709, in favour of his son Robert; Thomas died ca 1716; his will, dated 13 Dec 1715, was proved 21 Jun 1716; he married in Oct 1692, his brother-in-law's sister Alicia PURDON (daughter of Bartholomew PURDON Sr by Alicia JEPHSON of Mallow); on 23 Jan 1722, she & her son Robert brought a complaint against Robert PHAIRE of Grange, Gent (just lately come of age), Onesipherus GAMBLE & his wife Elizabeth alias ROGERS, & Richard DONOVAN, concerning money owed to them under the terms of Col Robert PHAIRE's will; she apparently made ends meet in raising her younger children by conducting the business of a Maltster in Cork; she was bequeathed 5s 5d per week " be paid every Monday morning" in her brother Bartholomew PURDON's will, 1737; and she had £10 a year in her son Thomas PHAIRE's will, 1747.
Thomas & Alicia had issue:
     a. Robert PHAIRE, born ca 1693; of Dunmaine, Co Wexford; commissioned Lieut in Lord Slane's Regiment, Sep 1709, to succeed his father, but this was cancelled even as he was on board ship waiting for fair winds to take them to Spain; as a reult of an error by the War Office, he was subsequently appointed Riding officer on the Coast of Waterford from Tramore to Monk Church; resided at the residence of  Stephen WORTHEVALE, whose daughter he married; J.P. for Co Waterford, and High Sheriff, 1722; in Sep 1734, he was arrested at Red Cross, Co Wicklow, by his brother-in-law John Jervis WHITE on a charge of bigamy, lodged in Wicklow Gaol, tried on 29 Aug 1735 & sentenced to 7 years transportation to the American Colonies, but pardoned on appeal due to legal irregularities in the prosecution case; but his career was "ruined" and he rejoined the army, serving as Adjutant in Col Edward TRELAWNY's Regiment in the Garrison on Rattan Island, Bay of Honduras, 25 Dec 1743; details of his death have not yet been found.
Robert married 1stly, Mary WORTHEVALE; she is said to have died in 1724 (but if so, there appear to have been no grounds for the accusation against PHAIRE of bigamy); and they had issue:
          i. Robert PHAIRE.
          ii. Stephen PHAIRE.
          iii. Nancy PHAIRE.
Robert married 2ndly, 29 Sep 1726, Elizabeth WHITE (b 1702, daur of John WHITE of Ballyellis, Co Wexford), the widow of Cornelius GROGAN, by whom she already had 5 children; she left PHAIRE in Sep 1734, taking the children with her, resuming the use of her GROGAN surname; she died in 1754; by her Robert PHAIRE had futher issue:
          iv. Elizabeth PHAIRE, born Dunmaine, ca 1732; named in the will of Overtsreet GROGAN, Feb 1748, as "...the daughter of my mother by Captain PHAIRE"; married 1stly, in 1748, John BURKITT; she married 2ndly, James MOORE.
          v. four other children who died young.
     b. Herbert PHAIRE, born 1697; succeeded his brother Robert, ca 1717, as an officer in the Revenue (perhaps as Riding Officer on the Waterford Coast); Vintner in Cork, with his brother-in-law Richard CHINNERY, and providing "entertainments" to the Corporation of Cork, 1 Aug & 29 Oct 1726, 15 Nov 1727 (Coronation of King George II), the King's birthday, 1729, & Sep 1731 (an Admiralty Court at Blackrock); he hosted at his house in Cork the installation of Lord Kingston as Grand Master of the Masonic Order in Munster, 1729; he moved part or all of his business to Dublin; enrolled as Freeman of Dublin, 1733, Cooks & Vintners Guild; provided entertainments for a "...Meeting of Munster Gentlemen" at Stationer's Hall, Cork Hill, Dublin, Dec 1735; resided at Castle Street, Dublin, Apr 1736; apparently visited London in 1736; he probably buried his wife Mary in Dublin in Nov 1745; he was bequeathed £10 in his brother Thomas's will, 1747; Herbert returned to Cork, where he was Senior Warden, Masonic Lodge No 1, Cork, in 1749; acted as surety at a baptism in St Peter's Cork, 1751; advertised on 18 Dec 1753 the opening of a Porter-house, next to the Sign of the Boot, in Cross Lane leading to Fishamble, Cork City; residing in a house at North Strand, opposite the Brick Hills, Cork City, 1755 [Cork City Directory - see the McDONNELL transcription on the web-site]; vacated that house in North Strand, Cork City, shortly before 8 May 1760; details of his death not yet found, although WELPLY thought that he may have moved out to Brook Lodge & started a Paper Business there, which seems unlikely (see notes on Francis PHAIR, the Papermaker, below).
Herbert married Mary; she was probably buried at St Andrew's (C.of I.), Dublin, 15 Nov 1745; possible issue:
          i. John PHAIRE, born about 1730; Gent of Dublin, 18 Sep 1761, when he made a Deed of Lease with John SHEARER of Dublin, Linen Weaver; of the City of Dublin, Dealer, 8 Apr 1771 (Chancery Suit vs Edward GAMBLE); possibly married with issue Jane PHAIRE & George William PHAIRE, bapt at St Andrew's (C.of I.), Dublin, 1761 & 1764 resp.
          ii. George PHAIRE; possibly married Jane DEMPSEY, with issue (see Dublin PHAIRS above); unless he instead married Diocese of Clogher, 1805 (M.L.B.), Esther PORTEOUS.
     c. Elizabeth PHAIRE; bequeathed £20 in the will of her brother Thomas, 1747; married by M.L.B. of the Diocese of Cork & Ross, 26 Sep 1719, Richard CHINNERY, Vintner in Cork City; issue:
          i. George CHINNERY; bequeathed £10 in his uncle Thomas PHAIRE's will, 1747.
          ii. St Leger CHINNERY; ditto, £20, ditto, 1747; Headmaster of Bandon School; died 1785; married 1766, Elizabeth SKEYS of Cork, with issue.
          iii. two other children each with £10 in their uncle Thomas PHAIRE's will, 1747.
     d. Alicia PHAIRE, a minor in 1717; married George GRAHAM of Cork; he was bequeathed £50 in his brother-in-law Thomas PHAIRE's will, 1747; issue:
          i. Harriett GRAHAM; died without issue; married Falkiner HERRICK.
     e. Thomas PHAIRE, a minor in 1717; died at Enniscorthy where he had farms, unmarried; will dated 1747, proved 28 Apr 1749, naming his mother Alicia, brothers Herbert PHAIRE & George GRAHAM, cousin John GAMBLE, & other relations.
     f. Frances PHAIRE, a minor in 1717; married Arthur HARDY, of Ballybar, Co Carlow.
However, if this marriage is not appropriate, and Francis was instead a male child, could he have been the Paper Maker of Brook Lodge? See below.
     g. Onesipherus PHAIRE, a minor in 1717; of Broomfield, Co Wexford; sole ex'or to his brother Thomas's will, 1747; married Elizabeth Mary HENDERSON; issue:
          i. Thomas PHAIRE; married in 1773, Ruth WHEELER (M.L.B., Diocese of Ferns), with issue.
          ii. Frances PHAIRE.
          iii. Harriett PHAIRE.
          iv. Alice PHAIRE; married in Aug 1786, Thomas CONNOR of Dublin.
          v. (?) Robert PHAIRE, born ca 1725 (if age at burial was recorded correctly); a Doctor in Trinity, Newfoundland, during the 1790s; died Sep 1798, and buried at St Paul's C. of E., Trinity Bay, 16 Sep, by his brother-in-law Rev Dr John CLINCH, abd 73; he was married at St Paul's, Trinity, 20 Sep 1787, to Elizabeth HART (her sister Hannah HART was Rev John CLINCH'd wife) - although some sources record this, improbably, as the date of his burial; recorded by Rev John CLINCH in his register as having been the "...son of On'e PHAIR of Broomfield, Esq, Co Wexford, Kingdom of Ireland" with two "vide marriage" dates, partly obscured, for "May 12, 18??" & "Sep 27?, 1787" (the former was probably his widow Elizabeth HART's 2nd marriage to Thomas NICHOLS on 12 May 1801). If the birth sequence of Thomas's family is as shown, and Onesipherus was the youngest of three under-age children in 1717, then he would have been born ca 1700, and if this lineage is correct, aged 25 when Robert was born.Lack of any mention in PHAIRE family wills remains unseplained. Two other related Robert PHAIRs of about the right age, one of whom was said to have "emigrated", are probably ruled out by CLINCH identifying Robert's father as On'e PHAIR.
6. Frances PHAIRE; died in 1686; married on 11 Jan 1683, as his 2nd wife, Edward ROGERS of Co Cork (born at Dunmanway, Cork, in 1644, he appears to have managed the Ironworks at Enniscorthy, and married 3rdly to France's cousin Elizabeth PHAIRE, who was herself re-married, to her cousin Onesipherus GAMBLE); issue:
     a. one daughter, born ca 1684; she died in the same year as her mother, aged 2.
7. Lucy PHAIRE; married 1stly, 1682, Charles FENWICK; married 2ndly William FLOWER; issue:
     a. Roger FENWICK; probably married Sarah COX, with issue.
     b. Elizabeth FENWICK; died without issue.
     c. Robert FLOWER.
     d. John FLOWER.
     e. Phaire FLOWER; died before 1733.
     f. Deborah FLOWER.
     g. Elizabeth FLOWER
8. Elizabeth PHAIRE - the naming of two daughters with the same name is highly unusual - she died on 26 Nov 1717, & was buried at St Mary's churchyard, Parish of Faniobbus, Cork (M.I.); she married 1stly, 1685, Bartholomew PURDON (son of Bartholomew PURDON Sr by Alicia JEPHSON); and 2ndly, as his 2nd wife, Rev John PATRICKSON (who already had two daughters Frances & Martha); she had issue:
     a. Elizabeth PURDON.
     b. Margaret PATRICKSON (unless ? instead another daughter of her father's first marriage); married Robert PHAIRE of Grange. See above.
     c. William PATRICKSON; died young, before 1717, named on his mother's M.I.
     d. Alxander PATRICKSON; died ditto, 1717, ditto (M.I.).
     e. Thomas PARICKSON; of Gange; will dated 25 Mar 1774, pr 29 Mar 1775; married 1732, Mary HULEAT; issue:
          i. Margaret PATRICKSON; inherited her father's interest in Grange, 1775; married 1757, John LOVEKIN.
          ii. Martha PATRICKSON; unmarried in 1774.
          iii. Sarah PATRICKSON; married 1767, Richard LOVEKIN; both living 1774.
9. Alexander Herbert PHAIRE; of St John's, Wexford; named in his mother's will 1697, as joint recipient (with brother John) of £20 due from her cousin James PEIRCE; died at Templeshannon, ca 1752, unmarried; will dated 7 Jun 1751, proved 5 Mar 1752.
10. John PHAIRE, probably born after 1677, when the first son of that name died; named in his mother's will, 1697 (ditto above); not well in Oct 1741, when his brother Alexander Herbert wrote to his nephew, Robert PHAIR of Grange, noting that " brother Jack is so troublesome to Wat GREEN and his wife (tho' they think he is almost gon) that they threaten to bring him here & leave him at the door" [see WELPLY above]; John appears to have resided for a time at Donegal Island, near Skibbereen, Co Cork; he lived at Cork City, 1749; & he resided at Templeshannon, Jul 1754; he probably died before Sep 1757, when his wife alone was named in the will of their nephew Onesipherus PHAIRE; certainly dead before Apr 1762.
John married on 21 Sep 1699, Mary WHITBY, of St Mary's Shandon (sureties were his nephew John FARMER of Ardra, & Roger HUSE, Innkeeper); she was named as " aunt Mrs Mary PHAIRE now of St John's" by Onesipherus GAMBLE in his will, dated 15 Apr 1760; her own will, dated 15 Apr 1762 (a widow), was proved 24 Jan 1763; they had issue:
     a. Robert PHAIRE; bequeathed 30 in his mother's will, 1762; apparently emigrated; he had illegitimate issue by Margaret CONNELL:
          i. a son; referred to, without being named, in his grandmother's will, 1762.
     b. John PHAIRE; named in his uncle Alexander's letter, 1741, as "...young Jack"; probably married in 1727, Alice PEIRCE, with issue:
          i. a daughter Ann PHAIRE; (named in her grandmother's will, 1762).
Perhaps this John was the Dublin Dealer, plaintiff in the Chancery Suit vs Edward GAMBLE, 8 Apr 1771?
     c. Onesipherus PHAIRE; bequeathed 30 in his mother's will, 1762; apparently also emigrated.
     d. Henrietta PHAIRE; probably married DRAPER.
11. Robert (or Robin) PHAIRE; died ca Oct 1681, on evidence contained in Chancery Bill: CUDMORE v. PHAIRE, 6 Jun 1685, citing an undated letter from Colonel PHAIRE to his Solicitor Paul CUDMORE, in which he states that he was "...sending his son Robin to he grave who died two days before," and another from PHAIRE's widow Elizabeth, dated 13 Nov 1685, stating that "...she cannot remember the precise time of her son Robert's death, but believes it may be a year before that of the father"; probably under age & almost certainly unmarried.

The birth order of the children above is notional, & for want of birth details, is based on sequences in both parent's wills.


Elizabeth PHAIRE died in ca 1698; she was probably, as she directed, buried with her late husband; her will, signed on 27 Jan 1697 & proved on 7 Nov 1698, was also abstracted by WELPLY, as follows:
"CORK WILL of Elizabeth PHAIRE, sgd 27 Jan 1697; pr 7 Nov 1698. 'I desire my friends to bury my body neare my dearly beloved husband Coll. Robert PHAIRE deceased. Son Thomas PHAIRE a bond of £200 I lent my son-in-law Bartholomew PURDON, dau Lucy FLOWER, dau Elizabeth PURDON, £80 [my copy hard to read, possibly instead £30] due to me from ye Lady Mary BOYLE, son Alexander Herbert [no comma between these names this time], son John, £20 due to me from my cosen James PEIRCE. Profits from iron-works to be equally divided amongst my children.
"EXECUTOR: son Thomas.
"OVERSEERS: Abraham MORRIS of Cork and Robert PEIRCE of Ballygromans.
"To my son John PHAIR a bond of £5 due to me from Coll. Teige McCARTHY.
"PROVED: 7 Nov 1698 by Thomas PHAIRE.
["O'Kief, Coshe Mang, Slieve Lougher & Upper Blackwater in Ireland," Compiled by Albert Eugene O'CASEY, Alanama, 1968, Vol.XIV, p.659.] 


[A] Onesipherus PHAIRE & Frances HENDERSON alias PATRICKSON had issue:
1. Robert PHAIRE, born 1701; probably admitted  Trinity College, Dublin, 21 Jan 1754-55 (Socio Comitatis., Tutor Mr CHINNERY); died " Daphne, near Enniscorthy, Robert PHAIRE, Esq" [Freemans Journal, Dublin, 1 Jun 1786]; will proved 13 Jun 1786; he married on 27 Jul 1761, Richarda ANNESLEY, daughter of Richard ANNESLEY, 8th Earl of Anglesey; her will dated 12 Sep 1804, proved 30 Nov 1807, she having erased the name of her son Robert's son "...on account of his undutiful conduct"; issue:
     a. Robert PHAYRE, born Co Wexford, 1765; admitted T.C.D., 22 Oct 1782, aged 16 (son of Robert, Armiger); evidently did not graduate; of Killoughram Forest,Co Wexford, & later of Southampton; died 10 Jan 1832, probably at Southampton; married 1stly, at Ely Place, Dublin, 2 Aug 1787, Amelia HOLMES, daughter of William Pomeroy HOLMES of Pallace, Co Cork; she died " her lodgings, on the Parade," 23 Nov 1801, probably in Cork; issue:
          i. Robert William PHAIRE, born ca 1788-89; died 1863, perhaps without issue; married by Setts dated 1811, Sarah DRISCOLL. See [?] below.
          ii. Maxwell PHAIRE, born Wexford, 1796; adm T.C.D., 6 Nov 1815, aged 18 (S.C., Mr BEAHAN); B.A., 1820; M.A., 1832; Curate of Threapwood, Flintshire; married 1stly, 1820, Jane PIGOTT, daughter of Lt-Col William Pemberton PIGOTT of Slevoy, Co Wexford; Maxwell married 2ndly, her sister Ellen PIGOTT.
Robert married 2ndly, by Setts dated 13 Sep 1809, Anne WHITMARSH of Bath; she was also later of Southampton; her will dated 24 Mar 1836, pr 5 Jul 1836; further issue:
          iii. Frederick Richard PHAIRE, born 1814; died 1886; married in 1833, Mary Anne WILLIAMS of Bristol, with issue.
          iv. George Annesley PHAIRE; Captain, Royal Navy; died 16 May 1879; married 16 Jun 1847, Mary Ann FORD; issue.
     b.Richard PHAIRE; Hon. East India Company Service; retired to Claremont, Shrewsbury; died 1830; married Maria RIDGEWAY, daughter of James Leech RIDGEWAY, Publisher of 169 Piccadilly; issue:
          i. Richard PHAIRE, born London, ca 1806; Shrewsbury School, 1824; adm T.C.D., 18 Oct 1824, aged 17; B.A., 1830; M.A., 1862; Rector of East & West Raynham, Norfolk; died at West Raynham Rectory, 1 Jan 1886, aged 78; married at Brighton, on 5 Jan 1847, Charlotte Laura WODEHOUSE; no issue.
          ii. Maria PHAIRE, born London, ca 1808; married at West Raynham, 20 May 1835, Rev John Robert Nathaniel KENCHANT of Knighton, Radnorshire.
          iii. Frances PHAIRE, born London, at her father's residence, Upper Berkeley Street, London, 12 Mar 1811; married at West Raynham, 19 Sep 1833, Capt Frederick LOFTUS, Dragoon Guards, younger son of the late General LOFTUS.
          iv. Arthur Purves PHAIRE, born Shrewsbury, Salop, 7 May 1812; Shrewsbury School, 1826; Hon.E.I.C.S.; Ensign, 4th Bengal Regt, 1828; Lt-General in the Army; Chief Commander of Burma; retired to Bray, Co Wicklow, 1870; Governor of Mauritius, 1874; retired again to Bray, 1878; died at Bray, Ireland, 14 Dec 1885; evidently unmarried.
          v. Caroline Emily PHAIRE, born Salop, 1814; died 10 Aug 1908; married at Norfolk, 18 May 1857, William Henry Gage FITZROY, Commander, R.N.; issue.
          vi. Mary Ann PHAIRE, born Salop, 1816; died at Cheltenham, Dec qtr 1866, aged 50.
          vii. Lucy PHAIRE, born Salop, 1818; died at Walsingham, Norfolk, Jun qtr 1844.
          viii. Robert PHAIRE, born Shrewsbury, 22 Jan 1820; See [K] next below.
          ix. Eliza PHAIRE, born 1822; died at Cheltenham, Mar qtr 1845.
          x. Jane Hill PHAIRE, born Salop, 1824; died at Cheltenham, Mar qtr 1858.
          xi. Georgina Catherine PHAIRE, born 1827, a twin; died 1827, an infant.
          xii. Alicia Harriet PHAIRE, born 1827, the other twin; died at Uppingham, Rutlandshire, Jun qtr 1862; married at LLanrair, Waterdine, Co Salop, 19 Feb 1861, Capt Robert MILLER of Slawston, Leicestershire.
          xiii. Georgina PHAIRE, born 1829; died at Cheltenham, Jun qtr 1868, aged 38; married at Cheltenham, 1858, Robert Dean CHAMBERLAIN; issue.
     c. Frances PHAIRE; married 1stly, 1790, Higatt BOYD; he died in 1797; she married 2ndly, George BARCLAY; he died in 1806; she married 2rdly, Richard de Courcy IRELAND.
     d. Arthur PHAIRE; died 1797, intestate.
     e. Richarda PHAIRE; died young.
     f. Mary Anne PHAIRE; married by M.L.B., Dioc of Dublin, 10 Jan 1794, John BLENNERHASSETT of Greenville, Blackrock, Co Dublin, with issue:
          i. Goddard BLENNERHASSETT, born 1802; T.C.D> B.A., 1821; married 1821, Sarah KING, with issue.
          ii. Aldworth BLENNERHASSETT; Capt, 73rd Regt; Battle of Waterloo; married Lucy with issue.
          iii. Richarda BLENNERHASSETT.
     g. Aldworth PHAIRE; Lieut, 87th Regiment of Foot; died 1797; will proved 21 Jun 1719, Lt, 35th Regt.
2. Aldworth PHAIRE.
3. Polly Ann PHAIRE; married in 1758, Henry NIXON of Newtown, Co Wexford, with issue.
4. Elizabeth PHAIRE; named in Aldworth's will, 1758, as Mrs NIXON's sister Betty; died unmarried; administration, 8 Nov 1781.

[K] Robert PHAIRE, born Shrewsbury, 22 Jan 1820; Shrewsbury School, 1836; Hon.E.I.C.S.; Ensign, Bengal Native Infantry, 1839; distinguished career in the Army in India, Scinde & Afghanistan; Aide-de-Campe to Queen Victoria; General; G.C.B.; died at St George's, Hanover Square, London, 28 Jan 1897, aged 77.

Robert married at Kurrachee, Bombay Presidency, 9 Jun 1846, Diana Burnbury THOMPSON, daughter of Arnold THOMPSON, Paymaster, 81st Regiment; she was at Cheltenham, Gloucs, 1871 Census, aged 50, with son, 4 daurs & 2 grandchildren; issue included:
     a. Arnold PHAYRE, born 11 Jul 1847, & bapt at Kurrachee, Bombay, 1 Aug; buried Kurrachee, 14 Sep 1848, aged 1.
     b. Caroline Emily PHAYRE, born 26 Apr 1849, & bapt at Kurrachee, Bombay, 10 May; married at Kirkee, Bombay, 20 Aug 1868, James Raymond Johnstone DEWAR; issue included:
          i. Arthur Robert Johnston DEWAR, born 11 Oct 1869, & bapt at Hyderabad, Bombay, 25 Nov; aged 1, with maternal grandmother, 1871.
          ii. Sybella DEWAR, born at Sea, 1870-71; aged under 1, with maternal grandmother, 1871.
     c. A.M. PHAYRE, born India, ca 1850; aged 20, born Belgaum, India, with her mother, 1871.
     d. Robert PHAYRE, born 10 Jun 1853, & bapt Belgaum, Bombay, 20 Jun; posibly died in Burma, 1886; married Edith Marjory, with issue, includiing:
          i. Robert Bernard PHAYRE, born 2 Jan 1886, & bapt at Rangoon, Bengal, 26 Jan.
     e. Richard PHAYRE, born 31 Oct 1853 (sic), & bapt at Belgaum, 5 Dec (dates as found on; died 1940; married Frances Ann BAYLY, with issue, including:
          i. Charles Frederick PHAYRE, born 26 May 1891, & bapt at Bangalore, Madras, 16 Jul.
     f. Arthur PHAYRE, born Poona, India, ca 1855; aged 15, with mother, 1871; possibly married Katherine Mary (perhaps ANDERSON); born ca 1868, she died 26 Jun 1917, and was buried at Bangalore, Madras, 27 Jun, aged 49 (wife of Arthur PHAYRE); she may have been at Horsham, Sussex, 1911 Census, aged 43, born Poona, India, with Evelyn May PHAYRE, aged 14, born Simla, India; issue:
          i. Arthur Horace PHAYRE, born 27 Jul 1893, & bapt at Deesa, Bombay, 2 Sep.
     g. F. B. PHAYRE, born Cheltenham, ca 1867; aged 13, with mother, 1871.
     h. Alice Marion PHAYRE, born 5 Mar 1860, & bapt Malcolm, Bombay, 5 Apr; aged 11, with mother, 1871.

 [?] William PHAIRE, born ca 1830, son of Robert William PHAIRE (so recorded on his marriage registration); the names of several of William's children suggest a link to the above family (although the rules of primogeniture probably mitigate against a direct link - unless Robert William was the un-named grandson "ruled out" of his grandmother's 1804 will for his "undutiful conduct"); died 2 Jun 1881 & was buried at Fyzabad, Bengal, 3 Jun 1881, aged 51; aged 25 (son of Robert William PHAIRE) when married at Moulmein, Bengal, 5 Apr 1855, to Cornelia Lydia KINCAID (aged 19, daughter of Engenio KINCAID); she died 23 Feb 1873 & was buried at Barackpore, Bengal, same day, aged 32; issue included:
     a. Amelia Eliza Annie PHAYRE, born ca 1857; died 8 Aug 1859 and was buried at Barrackpore, Bengal, aged 2.
     b. Eugene William Onesiphorus PHAIRE, born 1859; died 1 Aug 1859 & was buried at Barrackpore, 2 Aug, aged under 1.
     c. Ethel Ada PHAIRE, born 22 Jul 1860, & bapt Gwalior, Bengal, 30 Mar 1861; at Portsea, Hants, 1871 Census, aged 10, with 4 younger siblings; probably married at St Peter's Church, Fort William, Calcutta, Bengal, 11 Apr 1882, William GRIERSON-JACKSON; Bengal Civil Service; he died in 1901; issue:
          i. William Evelyn GRIERSON-JACKSON, born Bournemouth, 1 May 1883; died at Mussoree, India, 22 Jun 1885, aged 2.
          ii. Ethel Maude Dorothy GRIESON-JACKSON, bapt at Bengal, 18 Aug 1884; a Nurse.
          iii. Edward Evelyn GRIERSON-JACKSON, born 18 May 1888, & bapt at Allahaban, West Bengal, 7 Jun; married Winifred Kitty BURRIDGE.
          iv. Henry Charles GRIERSON-JACKSON, brn Bournemouth, 1890; died 1949; married Dorothy SHEKLETON.
          v. Laura E. GRIERSON-JACKSON, born Bournemouth, 1893.
     d. Edith Maude PHAIRE, born 28 Feb 1862, & bapt Seetapore, Bengal, 1 Jan 1864; aged 9, with sister Ethel, 1871.
     e. Robert Annesley Valentia PHAIRE, born 6 May 1863, & bapt at Seetapore, Bengal, 1 Jan 1864; aged 7, with sister Ethel, 1871.
     f. Arthur P. PHAIRE, born India, ca 1864; aged 6, with sister Ethel, 1871.
     g. Norah PHAIRE, born India, ca 1865; aged 5, with sister Ethel, 1871.


The following is a copy of a typed abstract in my notes on Emanuel PIGOTT, but which notes have now separated from the context of its origin - probably, if my at times increasingly faulty memory serves, a photocopy made in the Library of the Society of Genealogists in London in ca 1982:


The joint and several answers of Robert PHAIRE Esq, Onesipherus GAMBLE Gent, Eliz'th GAMBLE al's ROGERS his wife, Richard DONOVAN Esq and Eliz'th DONOVAN al's ROGERS his wife, to the bill of compl't of Alicia PHAIRE one of the ex'ors of Thomas PHAIRE, Gent, dec'd.
Say they heard and believe that Col Rob't PHAIRE, in bill named father of the said Thomas, did make his Will at the date in bill, and soon after died, but whether he appointed Onesipherus his son and Elizabeth his wife to be his ex'ors these def'ts cannot set forth.
Believe that the said Col. Robert PHAIRE did by his Will devise to his son Thos: PHAIRE £1000-0-0 to be paid out of the woods and ironworks at Enniscorthy - - -
Believe that the said Robert PHAIRE did by his Will devise to his said wife Elizabeth and her six children then living one moiety of the said lands, woods and ironworks, but these Def''ts Robert PHAIRE, Onesipherus GAMBLE & Elizabeth his wife have heard that the said Col Robert PHAIRE devised one moiety of his share in the said lands to his wife Elizabeth and to all his children, as well those by a former wife as those by his then wife Elizabeth - - -
Heard that Eward ROGERS was agent for the said ironworks, lands and woods - - - and that he married Frances one of the daughters of Colonel Robert PHAIRE, but they do not believe that he acquired a great fortune by his management of said lands, ironworks and woods, save what he was entitled to in right of his wife Frances, his second wife, and in right of his third wife Elizabeth PHAIRE now GAMBLE, daughter to Onesipherus PHAIRE son of the said Colonel Robert PHAIRE.
- - - Heard that the said Thomas PHAIRE did pass a bond to said ROGERS. - - -
And the said Onesipherus GAMBLE for himself answering saith he heard that said Thomas PHAIRE was arrested in Dublin at the suit of Mathew DEANE, Knt, and remained in custody for some time until the said Thomas and the compl't Alicia applied to Edward ROGERS for the money affirming to him that her brother Bartholomew PURDON of Ballyclogh Co Cork Esq had in his hands a large sum of her money.
- - - Thomas PHAIRE paid his bond for £130-0-0, but Bartholomew PURDON refused utterly to pay the same - - -
- - - The said Ed. ROGERS and the said Thos. PHAIRE are both dead. - - -
These def'ts deny all confederacy with Robert PHAIRE Esq son of the said Thomas PHAIRE and one of the ex'ors of his Will - - - The def't Robert PHAIRE heard and believes and Onesipherus GAMBLE and ELiz'th his wife, Rich'd & Eliz'th DONOVAN and Nath'l HUSON confess that since the death, judgemnet has been revived and execution taken out on the  bond in bill against the goods of Thomas PHAIRE. - - -
The def't Robert PHAIRE for himself answering saith he knows not what fortune hath been made out of the lands, woods and ironworks aforesaid, and that (he) believes that said Edward ROGERS accounted with Thomas PHAIRE in his life-time for his £1000-0-0 legacy part of which was paid by Clement MILWARD, agent and manager of said lands & woods before the said ROGERS, but for more certainty these def'ts Onesipherus GAMBLE & Elizabeth his wife, Richard DONOVAN & Elizabeth his wife, Nathaniel HUSON refer themselves to an account in a schedule affixed to their former answer to a bill of compliant of Alicia PHAIRE and Robert PHAIRE, ex'ors of the said Thomas PHAIRE.
- - - These def'ts believe that Col Robert PHAIRE's debts being paid sometime before the 18th May 1714 that the said Thos. PHAIRE and he rest of the children of Col. Robert PHAIRE became entitled to a dividend of the s'd ironworks and that Capt John COOKMAN who succeeded ROGERS as manager of said ironworks pay to the said ROGERS a balance of £88-8-0 - - -
These def'ts confess that Ann PIGOTT al's PHAIRE the widow of Robert PHAIRE and not of Onesipherus, now the wife of Emanuel PIGOTT Esq, mother to def't Robert PHAIRE of Grange - - - they do not believe she took on herself  the management of said ironworks etc.
- - - Robert PHAIRE of Grange says he has lately come of age - - -
- - - 23rd Jan 1722.

The "- - -" punctution marks are set out as found in the typed transcript - I do not know whether some or all are indications of text left out by the transcriber, or text unable to be deciphered, or the usual filling in of empty space before a new paragraph to prevent later insertions being made unlawfully.

Emanuel PIGOTT would shortly (in 1725) purchase the ancient PIGOTT family estate of Dysart, in the Queen's County, from the hereditary proprietor, his 2nd cousin Robert PIGOTT (ca 1668-1730), who was an uncle of my presumed ancestor, Capt John PIGOTT (1704-1763) of Antigua, London, Dublin & Stradbally.
Thereby arises my 2nd but "indirect" relationship to one or other of the Irish PHAIRE/PHAYRE families.
The Dysart estate was originally granted in 1562 to Capt John PIGOTT (ca 1530-1570); it was at one time rich in deposits of iron ore, in the early days much of it in deposits at or near the surface, and most of which was smelted by the COOTE family at Mountrath.
It has not yet been established whether the PEMBERTON-PIGOTTS of Slevoy, Co Wexford, are related to the Dysart PIGOTTs; two daughters of William PEMBETON-PIGOTT were the sucessives wives of Rev Maxwell PHAIRE (born ca 1796), 2nd son of Robert PHAIRE of Killoughram by his 1st wife Amelia HOLMES-POMEROY.

Emanuel PIGOTT (1684-1762) was of Chetwynd, in the South Liberties of Cork City, and the M.P. for Cork City, 1735-60; by his 1st wife Lucy ROGERS (daughter of George ROGERS of Ashgrove, Co Cork) he had issue a son George PIGOTT (1710-1773), ancestor of the Baronets of Knapton.
Emanuel married 2ndly, by M.L.B. dated 22 May 1722, at St Finbarr's, Cork, as her 2nd husband, Anne PHAIRE, the widow of Robert PHAIRE, and the daughter of George GAMBLE, both of Co Cork, by whom (she died before Jun 1724) he had no further issue.
Emanuel married 3rdly, on 12 Jun 1727, Judith WARBURTON (daughter of Richard WARBURTON of Garryhinch, King's County), with further issue.


From Notes & Queries, 6th Series, Volume II, 21 Apr 1881, page 150.

COL. ROBERT PHAIRE, THE REGICIDE(5th Ser. xii, 47, 311; 6th Ser. i, 18, 84, 505; ii, 38, 77).

Some facts concerning Col. PHAIRE, which are mentioned in the Council Book of the Corporation of Cork, 1609-1643, and 1690-1803, edited by Richard CAULFIELD, LL.D. (1876), seem to have been unknown to , or at least unnoticed by, MINIVER and H.B. In the work cited, p.1164, App. B, "Abstracts of Depositions of CROMWELL's Adherents, City of Cork, taken 1654," I find a deposition from which I extract the following, as a sufficient indication of the general tenor of the remainder:
"March 24, 1654. Coll. Robert PHAIR (sic), now Governor of Cork, aged thirty-five, about the latter end of August 1649, presently after the landing of Lord Lieutenant CROMWELL, knew divers prisoners of his old acquaintance who were in the Lord Inchiquin's army, and taken at the route before Dublin, which he knew to be honest hearted towards the English interest."
To Col. PHAIRE's name is appended a genealogical note, of which I proceed to reproduce the substance, throwing it into as compact a shape as I can. Col. Robert PHAIRE (sic in note), Governor of Cork, ob. 1682. He was twice married, a fact which does not appear from the accounts given of him by your previous correspondents. I regret to say that the first wife's name is stated to be "unascertained."
The children of the first marriage were Onesiphorus of Grange, married Elizabeth --- (ob. 1702), and Elizabeth, who married Richard FARMER, and Mary, who married George GAMBLE.
Onesiphorus had issue (1) Robert of Grange, who died in 1712 (having married Anne GAMBLE, by whom he had Robert of Grange, ob. 1742; Onesiphorus of Temple Shannon, ob. 1757; and one daughter, Elizabeth); (2) Aldworth of Enniscorthy, ob. 1762; and (3) Elizabeth, who married Edward ROGERS of Temple Shannon.
Onesiphorus PHAIRE of Temple Shannon, second son of Robert of Grange the elder, married Frances, daughter of Rev Dr John PATRICKSON, and, dying in 1757, left issue by her (1) Robert of Killoughram, who married, in July 1761, Lady Richarda ANNELSEY, daughter of Arthur, first Earl of Mountmorris, and had issue Robert, born 1764, ancestor of the PHAIREs of Killoughram; (2) Aldworth of Garr; (3) Polly Anne (sic), who married, 1758, Henry NIXON of Newton; (4) Elizabeth, wife of Robert HILL.
The issue of Col. PHAIRE's second marriage, with Elizabeth HERBERT, is given as follows: (1) Thomas of Mountpleasant, ob. circa 1716, having married Alicia, daughter of Bartholomew PURDON of Ballyclough, senior (descended from Sir Nicholas PURDON, M.P. for Baltimore); (2) Alexander Herbert, ob. 1752 (as to whose names it may be worth noting that he mother of Elizabeth HERBERT is stated to have been "Lucy, daughter of Sir William ALEXANDER," by which description is intended the first Earl of Stirling); (3) John; (4) Frances; (5) Lucy (the repetition of which name affords fresh confirmation of the existence of Lucy, daughter of the first Earl of Stirling, a peer as to whose ancestry and descendants alike no little controversy has been rife - Cf the "Genealogist," vol.ii, for 1878, pp.196-200). Lucy PHAIRE married William FLOWER, and had three sons, Robert, John and Phaire, besides two daughters; (6) Elizabeth, youngest daughter of Col. PHAIRE's second marriage, became the wife of Bartholomew PURDON, junior, whom I suppose to have been son of Bartholomew PURDON of Ballyclough, previously named "senior," and whose family had been settled in Ireland since the reign of Henry VIII.
Thomas PHAIRE, the eldest son of Col. PHAIR's second wife, had five sons, Robert Thomas, Herbert, Onesiphorus and Francis, besides two daughters, Alicia and Elizabeth, wife of Richard CHINNERY.
                                                                                                                                C.H.E. CARMICHAEL."

I do not know how reliable Mr CARMICHAEL's sources were, but other sources do suggest that this fifth son named Francis was probably instead a daughter named Frances, said to have been  the wife of Arthur HARDIE.
But, if instead Francis, then clearly of an age to have been the Paper Maker of Brook Lodge.


Notwithstanding William WELPLY's statements in the foregoing article, I  believe there are some insurmountable evidentiary difficulties with his "conclusion" that  "...only possible ancestor, therefore, of the PHAIREs of Brook Lodge are Robert PHAIRE of Dunmaine and Herbert PHAIRE."
There was clearly an earlier Francis PHAIR, neither Robert nor Herbert, who appears to begin the pedigree, and for whom I can find no tangible connection point to the family of Colonel Robert PHAIRE, if I might be allowed to so paraphrase WELPLY's own strict injunctions as to the getting at the genealogical truth.

Francis PHAIR; Papermaker, of Brook Lodge, near Riverston, County Cork (Brook Lodge's previous occupant, Mr Andrew O'MULLLANE, had died there in Dec 1759); on 16 Feb 1771, it was reported that "...Mr PHAIRE's Paper-mill and a great quantity of paper was burned at Brook Lodge" [Cork Remembrancer of Memorable Events, Jul 1771, p.189]; Francis died " an advanced age" at Brook Lodge, 24 Apr 1781; the wife of Mr PHAIR, Papermaker, died at Cork, 26 Jan 1771, quite likely to have been the wife of Francis; two other PHAIRs may have been related - Mr John PHAIR, Papermaker, died at Brook Lodge, 28 Jan 1774 - and Mr Thomas PHAIR, Paper Manufacturer, died at Waterford, 20 Jun 1777 - their occupation suggests that a relationship was probable.
We cannot be certain exactly what the term "advanced age" meant in 1781 - I suspect it was reserved to describe people who had achieved more than the biblical life-span of three score years and ten. If so, then Francis was probably born in or before 1710; this is consistent with him having had family born during the 1740s.

Francis PHAIR & his wife had issue:
1. Robert PHAIR, probably born in or before 1754, & if the eldest son, then before ca 1743; of Brook Lodge; died before Dec 1784; married at Clasbicknollan, 20 Apr 1775, Ann SEYWARD, of Mallow; she died 7 Nov 1794, a widow; probable issue:
     a. Francis PHAIR, born ca late 1770s; of County Cork, Esq; died at a relative's house near Waterford, 1 Nov 1823, as the result of a fall from his horse, late of Brook Lodge; he married at Bullinvrinna, 23 or 24 Jul 1807, Mary Eliza CASEY, of Clinton, Waterford (daughter of James CASEY); she was living in 1832; issue:
          i. William PHAIR; of Brook Lodge; will dated 1 Dec 1831, pr 30 Nov 1833.
          ii. Elizabeth PHAIR. married 13 Jan 1835, Rev John Nun WOODRUFFE, with issue.
          iii. Mary PHAIR.
          iv. Martha PHAIR; probably married at Glanmire Church, May 1862, her relation Henry PHAIR of Butlerstown.
          v. Catherine PHAIR; married at Kilroan, Co Cork, 14 Oct 1858, William Joyce PICKERING, of Merrion, Co Dublin.
          vi. Hester PHAIR; Miss Hester, of Brooklodge, mentioned in the Cork Examiner, 25 Jan 1864.
          vii. Anna Maria PHAIR.
          viii. James George PHAIR, born before 1816; adm King's Inn, Dublin, 1832 (affidavit of his mother Mary Eliza PHAIR); probably James C. PHAIR, of Brook Lodge, subscriber to the Cork Renmembrancer, 1837.
2. William PHAIR, born ca 1744; of Mill View, near Glanmire, Papermaker; adm Freeman-at-large, City of Cork, 17 Aug 1785; Paper Maker, North Main Street, Cork, 1787 [LUCAS's Directory]; probably William PHAIR & Son, Paper Manufacturers, North Main Street, Cork City, 1810 [Cork Directory]; died at Mill View, 23 Jan 1812; he was married at Kilworth, on 25 Sep 1778, to Elizabeth CORBAN; she died at Mill View, 21 Jan 1805, aged 75, her will dated 17 Dec 1824, & proved on 30 Jun 1825; they had issue:
     a. William PHAIR, born ca 1780; married at St Mary's (C.of I.), Dublin, 18 Aug 1815, Elizabeth PICKERING (daur of William PICKERING of Heath House, Hampstead, Msx, Merchant); issue:
          i. William Pickering PHAIR, born Ireland, 13 May 1817; went to America before 1856; Papermaker at Lawrence, Essex Co, Massachusetts, 1884 - but also said to have died at Lawrence, MA, on 11 Aug 1881; married 1stly, ca 1849, Ellen O'KEEFFE (born Ireland, ca 1822), with issue; he marr 2ndly, at Lawrence, MA, on 25 Mar 1876, Margaret REYNOLDS (born New York, ca 1830).
          ii. Francis PHAIR; went to New Zealand before 1857; clerk, Huia Saw Mills, near Auckland, Sep 1856; co-proprietor, Dundre Saw Mills, N.Z., Jun 1861; probably died there, at the William Denny Hotel, on 14 May 1864, aged 49, formerly of Cork, Ireland, & buried at Symonds Street Cemetery, Auckland, from St Paul's Church, with a grave-stone erected by his brothers & sister.
          iii. John Pickering PHAIR, born Cork, 19 Nov 1822; adm T.C.D., 1 Jul 1840, aged 17; B.A., 1845; Priested at Killaloe, 1846; Curate of Shandon; Perpetual Curate, Tracton, 1850; Vicar of Bregoge, 1861; Probate, Ireland, 2 May 1895; married at Fermoy, Co Cork, 28 Sep 1850, Elizabeth SMITH of Castlebar; issue - Ernest PHAIR (married Alice Marion CROFTS); Frederick PHAIR (married Mina ROGERS); Aileen PHAIR (married George F. DALY of Buttevant); Millicent PHAIR (married John R. LOGAN, M.D., of Liverpool); & Gertrude PHAIR (married Frank WHITLA).
          iv. Henry PHAIR; of Brotherstown Mills, Co Cork, 1857; probably married at Glanmire Church, Cork, May 1862, Martha, daughter of Francis PHAIR, Esq, of Brooklodge, Esq, both in the County of Cork. {Limerick Chronicle]
          v. Charles Edward PHAIR; of London, 1857.
          vi. Robert Christopher PHAIR, born Butlerstown, Co Cork, ca 1832; probably in Victoria, Nov 1853, when Lieut MAUNSELL, 11th Regiment, Geelong, advertised that he had letters from home for "...Mr Robert PHAIRE, late of Glanmire, Cork, Ireland [Argus, Tue 22 Nov]; in Australia, 1857; Robert Sr died at Ballarat East, 25 Apr 1900 #4445, aged 67; he married at Kyneton, Vic,24 Dec 1867 #3482, Susannah BRADLEY; with issue - Eleanor; Elizabeth; William Colban; Emma, Henry Pickering; Robert Thomas; & Susannah.
          vii. Elizabeth PHAIR, born at Mill View, Co Cork, Oct 1824; married Richard William PEARD, of Butlerstown, Co Cork.
          viii. Emma PHAIR, born Mill View, Oct 1826; of Butlerstown, 1857, unmarried.
     b. Mary PHAIR; married at Ballinvinna, 3 Sep 1808, John Milner BARRY, Esq, of Stumphill, Co Cork, M.D. (born 1768, son of James BARRY of Kilgobbin near Bandon, Cork); M.D., Edinburgh, 1792; introduced vaccination to Cork, & was the first Physician at the Cork Fever Hospital & House of Recovery; he died in 1822; with issue, including:
          i. (elder son).
          ii. John O'Brien Milner BARRY, born 1815, 2nd son; studied medicine in Paris; M.D., Edinburgh, 1837; F.R.C.P.; probably of Tunbridge & of Totnes; died 1881.
     c. Catherine PHAIR; married at Christ Church, 1 Feb 1814, William McEBOY or McOBOY of Stumphill, Co Cork.
     d. Edward PHAIR, born Cork, ca 1791; adm T.C.D., 6 Nov 1809, aged 18. Possibly (unless this was instead a cousin, perhaps one of the next Edward PHAIR's "younger children") of Spire View, Glanmire, Co Cork, who died before 1824, leaving a widow Mary and a son Edward (born ca 1815, and had issue a son Francis b 1834, and daughters Emma born 1845 and Maria born 1848).
     e. Eliza PHAIR; died at Millview, Feb 1836, daughter of the late Wm PHAIR, Esq [Limerick Chronicle].
3. Edward PHAIR, perhaps born ca 1750; of Waterford; he was attacked while "...going to his father's at Brook Lodge," 1772; he died at Waterford, 17 Mar 1786, his will dated 12 Dec 1784, a codicil dated 22 Apr 1785, & proved on 30 May 1786, mentioning wife Elizabeth, son Francis and "...younger children," brother William, sister-in-law Ann the wife of brother Robert, sisters Jane, Mary (wife of Lawrence CORBIN), & Eliza CASEY; Edward married, on 29 Mar 1781, Elizabeth HARDAM (or HARDUM) of Hammonds Marsh; her will was dated 27 Jul 1800, & proved 27 Aug 1800, witnessed by Robert DRAPER (possibly related to Henrietta DRAPER, a probable relation of Col Robert PHAIRE's descendants); issue:
     a. Francis PHAIR, born ca 1782; living 1785.
     b. "Younger children." born ca 1783-86. Perhaps including one or other of the Edward PHAIRs below.
4. Mary PHAIR; married at Ballivinn Church, 21 Apr 1785, Lawrence CORBIN, Esq, of Kilworth.
5. Jane PHAIR; living 1785, unmarried.
6. Eliza PHAIR; "...daughter of Mr Francis PHAIRE, Papermaker" when married, by License, at Brook Lodge, 7 Nov 1775, James CASEY.

Notwithstanding the speculated pedigree above, the following details are proving difficult to allocate to particular individuals with absolute certainty.

The list of subscribers for the publication in 1839 of "Scripture References, illustrated with sacred poems, &c," by John N. WOODROFFE (undoubtedly the husband of Elizabeth PHAIR, the daughter of Robert PHAIR of Brook Lodge by Anne SEWARD), included:
1. Mrs PHAIR, Brook Lodge.
2. Mrs Wm PHAIR, Mill View.
3. Mrs Edward PHAIR, North Esk.
4. Miss PICKERING, Mill View.

An item appeared in Gentleman's Magazine, Vol.174, for 1843, page 379:
"Of the PHAIR family... there are several residuous (sic) members, and the paper warehouse is still in our North Main Street. The manufactory is at Millview, Glanmire, four miles from the city, and belongs to Mr William PHAIR. Edward PHAIR, Esq, resides at Northesk, James at Brook Lodge, and others in town."

Edward PHAIR, probably born in or before (& perhaps well before) ca 1780 (based on his son George's latest estimated birth year); of Spire View, Glanmire, Co Cork, Esq; died before his son George's marriage; he was himself married, with issue including:
     a. George PHAIR, probably born in or before 1801 (based on the Canonical age of 23 for Ordination); B.A.; Curate of Waterford Cathedral, 1824; Incumbent of Kilvemnon Parish; died there on 30 Oct 1878, and was buried in the Churchyard [M.I.]; as Curate, he was married at Waterford Cathedral to Emily POPE, the 2nd daughter of the late Thomas POPE of South Parade, Waterford [Limerick Chronicle, Marriages, issue date obscured], perhaps ca 1825-30.
Edward PHAIR, probably born in or before ca 1811 (based on the likelihood of him being of age at marriage); Private, 5th Dragoon Guards; Edward PHAIN (as recorded in Church Records on the web-site) of Millview, was married at St James's (C.of I.), Dublin (MLB, Dioc of Dublin), on 12 Apr 1832, to Emma PICKERING (their fathers were not identified in the Register - witnesses were Charles PICKERING & Thomas PICKERING); probable issue:
     a. Edward PHAIR, born Co Cork, ca 1836; emigrated to Victoria; Edward Jr, late of Glanmire, died at Lauriston near Kyneton, Vic, 1865 #1417, aged 28, parents recorded in the Statutory Death Index as Edward & Emma PHAIR; notice of his death appears to have been published in the Cork Examiner, 22 Mar 1865; he was reported to have been a Miner, and died after a drunken fight on Boxing Day [Australian News for Home Readers, Thur 23 Feb 1865]..

Edward PHAIR, of Spire View, Glanmire, Co Cork; died before 1862; married with issue:
     a. Mary PHAIR; died at 3 Leicester Avenue, Rathgar, 18 Feb 1862, of arachnitis [Cork Examiner, 21 Feb], evidently unmarried.


The following names are recorded in the "Alphabetical List of Freemen of the City of Cork, 1710-1841, Cork City & County Archives, Ref U.11, and viewable on the web-site; right of admission by birth alone ceased in 1841:
Edward PHAIR, Paper Manufacturer, 24 Jul 1797.
Francis PHAIR, Gentleman (no date).
William PHAIR, Paper Manufacturer, 17 Aug 1785.
William PHAIR, Paper Manufacturer (no date).
William Pickering PHAIR, Paper Manufacturer (no date).


William PHAIR, 2 Tivoli Gardens.
Edward PHAIR, 4 Tivoli Gardens.
William PHAIR, Paper Manufacturer, [18 - Errata] South Main Street.
George PHAIR, Master Cooper, 24 John Street.
John PHAIR, Accountant, 24 John Street.


The following Marriage License Bonds, Diocese of Cork & Ross, are not yet accounted for in any of the related PHAIR families in this article:
1782 - Phebe PHAIR & John HUTCHINS.
1797 - Jane PHARE & Edward COOKE.
1798 - Susanna PHAIR & Thomas DICKSON.
1806 - Mary PHAIRE & Coakley LEVIS (perhaps ? in error for Colclough LEWIS).
1813 - Joseph PHAIR & Anne MONK.
1821 - Eliza PHAIR & Richard HAGUE.
1834 - Anne PHAIR & Richard COX Jr.

Rev William PHAIR; of Carboy, Co Longford; installed as Minister at Enniskillen, Fermanagh, 1720; died 29 Nov 1745.

Joseph PHAIR; of Ballyhay, County Cork; poss 8th Dragoons, Farrier, 1774, & discharged 8 Feb 1784; married with issue:
1. Frances PHAIR, bapt Ballyhay, 25 Feb 1781.
William PHAIR; of Ballyhay, Co Cork; said to have served as a Sergeant in the 9th Regiment of Dragoon Guards, discharge papers dated 1784 (or perhaps 1794), born in County Tipperary [Barbara PHAYRE's "Cromwell's Legacy," App.1, p.99]; as William FARR, he probably married at Ballyhay, 8 Dec 1788, Alice ROGERS; issue:
1. Letitia PHAIRE, bapt at Ballyhay, 18 Sep 1789.
2. Catherine FAYER, bapt at Ballyhay, 4 May 1791.
Alice ROGERS may have been related to Letitia ROGERS, who married at Ballyhay, 1767, Arthur THOMPSON; and to Jane ROGERS, who married at Ballyhay, 1781, Arthur ROYLE; they may have been related to the family of Lucy ROGERS, one of the 3 wives of Emanual PIGOTT of Chetwynd, Co Cork.

John PHAIR or FAIR; Constable of Fryer's Street, Kinsale, 13 Oct 1707; he may have had issue in Kinsale ("where the name FAIR had existed since 1601" - see WELPY's article reproduced on this blog-page), as follows:
1. Ann FAIR, born 1703.
2. Richard FAIR, born 1704.
3. Susan FAIR, born 1705.
4. John FAIR, born 1706; adm Freeman of Kinsale, 20 Sep 1728, as son of a Freeman; married ca 1730, Margaret COURTENAY, and by her had issue born in Kinsale, 1731-42, including:
    a. Richard FAIR, born 1739; served in the Royal Navy; died 1805; married Ellen CREECH of Baltimore, Co Cork; she died at Skibbereen, 1820; issue:
          i. John FAIR; married Esther WOOLIS, with issue a daughter who married John Chessell BUCKLER, F.S.A., Surrey Herald Extraordinary; with issue a son Charles Albon BUCKLER.
          ii. Rev Robert Herbert PHAIR of Winchester.
          iii. Charles Bass FAIR; of Capetown, 1896.


Robert PHAYRE, born County Kildare, ca 1844; at Haddington Rd, Pembroke West, Dublin, 1901 Census, aged 56, Bank Messenger, with wife & 3 sons; married Anne (b Dublin,ca 1842); issue:
     a. George C. PHAYRE, born Dublin, ca 1865; aged 36, Harbour Master's Assistant, with parents, 1901.
     b. Robert John (Haslam) PHAYRE, born 5 Grattan Place, Leeson Park, Dublin, 27 Jul 1878; aged 22, Clerk unemployed, with parents, 1901.
     c. Adam Wat PHAYRE, born Dublin, ca 1883; aged 17, Clerk, with parents, 1901.
John Haslam PHAYRE, born Co Kildare, ca 1855; Court Crier, 21 Upper Pembroke Street, 1894; at Pembroke St Upper, Dublin, 1901 Census, aged 45, County Court Clerk (unemployed), with wife & 3 sons; married Emily (born England, ca 1861); probably of 4 Emerald Terrace, Upper Grand Canal & Sallymount, Newbrook, Butler, son of Thomas PHAIR, when married at St Mark's C.of I., Dublin, 2 Nov 1882, Emily MASON, Ladies Maid, of the same addesses (daughter of Richard MASON); issue:
     a. Albert Richard PHAYRE, born 4 Lower Pembroke Street, Dublin, 13 Jun 1887, & bapt St Matthias's C.of I., 17 Jul; aged 13, Scholar, with parents, 1901.
     b. Percy PHAYRE, born 21 Upper Pembroke Street, Dublin, 10 Aug 1894, & bapt at St Peter's C.of I.; aged 6, Scholar, with parents, 1901.
     c. Harold PHAYRE, born 21 Upper Pembroke Street, Dublin, 10 Nov 1896, bapt St Peter's, 29 Dec; aged 4, Scholar, with parents, 1901.
     d. Ruth PHAYRE, born 21 Upper Pembroke Street, Dublin, 16 Dec 1899, & bapt St Matthias's C. of I.; poss died young.


There is a perception among some researchers that this family group may descend from John PHAIRE, the youngest son of Col Robert PHAIRE, the "Regicide."
WELPLY's evidence (see above) does, in my view, rather tend to rule this possibility out; and date evidence from Limerick records now appears to provide evidence of some conflation, or generational inaccuracy, in my own early and speculative constructions of it.
Some of the following details can be found on the George D. SPEER pedigree on More useful material comes from recent searches on-line (Limerick Chronicle items; some Limerick M.I.s); but much of it fits in with pedigree details already laid out by Barbara A. PHAYRE in her very well researched book entitled "Cromwell's Legacy: The PHAYRE Family in Ireland," Sandford Publishing, 2001, at Chapter 9, pp. 62 et seq - to which publication the reader is recommended, and copies of which may still be available by contacting Barbara at her roger@rphayre.freeserve e-mail address (if still valid). It would appear that SPEER's notes correspond well with Barbara PHAYRE's constructions.

Barbara PHAYRE does subscribe to the theory that the Limerick PHAYRES, the Slaters & the Tilers, were descendants of Col Robert PHAIRE by his youngest son John PHAIRE's marriage in 1699 to Mary WHITBY (see above).
I am not so sure.
There does not appear to be any hard evidence of it, and what circumstantial evidence that might be construable in support of it (there is a quantity - disposal of interests in the Enniscorthy Iron-works to explain lack of will mentions; naming of descendants Alice perhaps for Alice PEIRCE, for two examples) does not seem, to my eyes, sufficient to overcome obstacles raised by WELPLY in his 1920s paper, particularly in relation to lack of mentions in wills.
I may be wrong, but I suspect that WELPLY, having had the access that he did to the numerous P.R.O, records that were destroyed in 1922, would have uniquely been in a position to see the only evidence that will have at any time existed to "prove" that connection, but he did not report seeing any.
One record that would be relevant, if a full transcript was ever made of it, would be John PHAIR's marital status as recorded on the License Bond for his 1753 marriage to Margaret CONDON - if a bachelor, then the suggestion that it was a 2nd marriage after Alice PEIRCE's death would, I believe, be untenable - but if a widower, then I would happily recant! I believe that it was customary for the Marriage Licenses (for which the Bonds were recorded) to identify the marital status of both parties, if not obligatory under the rules of the Consistorial (or Diocesan) Courts which issued them.
It might also be of interest to discover the identity and whereabouts of the Wat GREEN mentioned by Alexander Herbert PHAIRE in his letter of Oct 1741, where he noted that " brother Jack is so troublesome to Wat GREEN and his wife (tho' they think he is almost gon') that they threaten to bring him here & leave him at the door."

WELPLY did not suggest that the FAIR family associated with Kinsale since ca 1601 had any connections in Limerick; he did suggest that they were the likely source of the origins of Richard PHAIRE or FAIRE (1739-1805), R.N., who married in 1765 (M.L.B., Dioc of Cork & Ross), Eleanor SCREECH (& by her was an ancestor of John Chessell BUCKLER, F.S.A.).
It is not impossible, of course, that if, as WELPY suggests, the Limerick PHAYREs or PHAYERs do not connect with the Regicide, then they may also have derived instead from that family as well. I am reluctant to cite the use of the name Richard as being circumstantial evidence of any possible connection.

At the risk of causing unintended offence, I propose the following "alternate" pedigree, which is perhaps, at present, more of a collection of pedigree notes looking for a proven tree in which to find a home.

John PHAYRE; Slater; of Kilmallock, 1716, when he & Thomas PHAYRE, also a Slater in Kilmallock, appear to have taken legal action against David MONCASHELL concerning the 1715 lease of lands at Gaultume [Barbara PHAYRE, "Cromwell's Legacy," Op. Cit, p. 62]; probably therefore of age in 1715, & if so, born in or before 1694, 5 years before John PHAIRE's 1699 marriage to Mary WHITBY.
I suspect that further evidence of this family may be found in the Deeds Registry in Henrietta Street, Dublin, where, commencing in 1708, all land transactions in Ireland were required by law to be registered; of which deeds "copy" Memorials were created; & which Memorials are publicly viewable in the Registry upstairs Memorials rooms.
This particular 1715 lease may even state the relationship between John & Thomas (although the chances are probably more likely that it will not); but I suspect they were more likely to have been brothers, rather than a father & son - if both were joint lease grantees, then both will need to have been of age, and if father & son, then the father will therefore have to have been born closer to ca 1670 - but it is possible that a son could have been named as a child, usually with an age recorded, if he was one of the "lives" for the term of the lease.
There is no available evidence to suggest that either of these Slaters of Kilmallock were married or had issue. But I suspect one or other may have, and if so, are (a) likely contender(s) for the ancestors of the following Limerick PHAYERs.
But it is evident that none of these events can be readily accommodated within the presently "accepted" pedigree of Col Robert PHAIRE, "Regicide."

John PHAIR, probably born in or before 1720, perhaps as early as 1700; Slater of Cork; died at Cork, 4 Jul 1761 as the result of a fall from a scaffold; his will, dated 8 Jul 1761, named his wife Mary PHAIR (which is not Margaret, although this may have been a clerical error), and mentions a child of his daughter, and two sons, none identified by name, but neither son probably yet of age, as they were not named as executors; issue:
1. (daur); probably born before 1741; probably married; issue:
     a. (child), b in or before 1761.
1. (son), perhaps born after 1740; living 1761.
2. (son), perhaps born after 1740; living 1761. Perhaps this or the elder son was the Joseph PHAYRE of Cork, aged 19 when he visited his kinsman Joseph PHAYER in Kilfinane (see next) in Dec 1762, and was informed of the contents of Charles LAND's will [Barbara PHAYRE, "Cromwell's Legacy," p. 66].

Joseph PHAYRE (born 1726, if age at death is accurately recorded on the M.I. - I note that this date does just pre-date Jack PHAIRE Jr's 1727 marriage to Alice PEIRCE); Slater in Kilfinane, Co Limerick, Apr 1763, when involved in legal wranglings over the will of a kinsman, Charles LAND of Ardavellan - his mother was evidently an aunt of Joseph's mother - and his sister was identified in the will as Alley PHEAYRE [Barbara PHAYRE, "Cromwell's Legacy," p.65]; Joseph died on 7 Dec 1801, aged 75, & was buried in Kilmallock Churchyard, with a monument erected by his son Charles; he married in Jan 1753 (M.L.B., Dioc of Cork & Ross), Mary GILBERT (born ca 1735); she died 14 Jul 1801, aged 65, & buried at Kilmallock [M.I.]; issue, said to have also included [J] below:
1. Thomas PHAYER, born ca 1755-56; died 30 May 1799, aged 43, & buried in the family plot, Kilmallock [M.I.].
2. Charles PHAYER; living 1801 when he erected a monument on his parents grave in Kilmallock Churchyard.

Alice BOLSTER (formerly PHAYER) was buried at Kilmallock, 1 Jun 1811, aged 66, & buried there with her 7 children who predeceased her, a monument erected by her "affectionate" son Joseph [see Nick REDDAN's "Kilmallock old memorial inscriptions for the Collegiate Church" on his web-site] - which age would preclude her from being a daughter of Joseph & Mary.
However, Barbara PHAYRE ["Cromwell's Legacy"] records her age at death instead as 36, which does admit to the possibility of her being a part of this family.

Thomas PHAYER, born ca 1796; died 15 Aug 1844, aged 47, & buried Kilmallock Churchyard; married Johanna (possibly FOX - she erected his monument in Kilmallock); issue:
1. Joseph PHAYER, born ca 1841; died 18 Sep 1866, aged 25, & buried in his father's plot at Kilmallock.

John PHAIR, born ca 1797; died at Kilmallock, Jun qtr 1881, aged 83 [Vol.5, p.252].

[J] Richard PHAYER (born ca 1775 if age at burial is correctly recorded on the M.I.); Occupier of 21 acres in Carrigareely Townland, Parish of Cahirconlish, Co Limerick, ca 1830, Tithe Applotment Books, & rated at £1 13s Impropriate & 19s 4d Vicarage (probably occupied by Rev Richard COX - perhaps of the 1834 Cork MLB with Ann PHAIR?); of Cahirconlish, Barony of Clanwilliam, County Limerick (Diocese of Emly); Farmer at Caherconlish, 1847; probably died before Mar 1848; married Catherine (probably also a PHAYER - born Jul 1778 - and if so, probably his cousin); she died " the residence of her son-in-law, Hide Park, Cahirconlish, ...relict of the late Richard PHAYER, Esq," on 16 Feb 1875, her remains buried on 18 Feb"... in the family vault at Cahirnarry" [Limerick Chronicle, 18 Feb]; issue:
1. Mary PHAYER, baptised at St John's, Limerick, 8 Nov 1805.
2. Joseph PHAYER, bapt St John's, Limerick, 31 Jul 1807; emigrated to America, 1848; as Joseph D. PHAYER, died at Midway, Madison County, Illinois, 4 May 1870, & buried St Patrick's Cemetery, Godfrey, Madison Co [Findagrave Memorial #74030940]; married at Troy, N.Y., 1849, Mary MURPHY (born Co Wexford, 20 Sep 1824 - probably sister of John MURPHY born 5 May 1821, and Johanna MURPHY born 14 Apr 1827); she died at Upper Alton, 30 Apr 1898; issue:
     a. Mary Ann PHAYER, born Troy, N.Y., 14 Apr 1850; died at Alton, Madison Co, Illinois, 18 Jan 1906; married William Harold Clay STREEPER; issue:
          i. Richard Henry STREEPER, born 1882; died 1903.
          ii. (infant), born & died 1883.
          iii. Katie M. STREEPER, born 1888; died 1901.
     b. Richard Benedict PHAYER, born Madison Co, Illinois, 2 Apr 1854; died at Downs, Osborne Co, Kansas, 6 Feb 1935; married 1stly, Ellen McKENZIE (died 1887, aged 32) & 2ndly Bridget MAHON; issue:
          i. Mary E. PHAYER, born 1884; died 1976.
          ii. Richard Benedict PHAYER Jr, born 1902; died 1936..
     c. Catherine Jane PHAYER, born Upper Alton, Madison Co, 2 Jan 1858; died at Venice, Madison Co, Illinois, 2 Sep 1896; married John WALTER; issue:
          i. Joseph C. PHAYER, born 1888; died 1892.
          ii. Josephine PHAYER, born ca 1889; aged 6 when her mother died.
          iii. Johnnie W. PHAYRE, born 1890; died 1891.
          iv. Willie PHAYRE, born ca 1892; aged 3 when his mother died.
          v. MAry PHAYER, born 1895; aged 13 mos when her mother died.
     d. Charles Thomas PHAYER, born Alton, 22 Mar 1860; Constable in Venice; died Venice, 2 Apr 1903; married Margaret BUSHELL (1868-1908); issue:
          i. Katherine T. PHAYER, born 1891; died 1975; married Michael Philip NESTER.
          ii. Mary Gertrude PHAYER, born 1892; died 1970; married Daniel Joseph HALLISSEY.
          iii. Charles Julian PHAYER, born 1895; died 1930.
          iv. Clifford W. PHAYER, born 1897; died 1951; married Ethel L. ENOS.
     e. John Joseph PHAYER, born Upper Alton, 18 Dec 1860; left Alton ca 1891 to join the Frisco Railroad Coy at Chaffee & Arcadia, Missouri; transferred to Denver ca 1924; died at Denver, Colorado, 1 Mar 1932; married ca 1891, Hannah EVANS of Bethalto; issue;
          i. William Joseph PHAYER, born & died at St Louis, Missouri, 1893.
          ii. Mary Ann PHAYER, born 1894; died 1933; married Christopher Lewis PRATT.
          iii. Emma Clementine PHAYER, born St Louis, 189; died Denver, Colorado, 1928; married Laurence LYONS.
          iv. John Joseph PHAYER, born Arcadia, Missouri, 1897; died 1992; married Elsie Ann SCHNEIDER.
          v. Earl William PHAYER, born Arcadia, 1900; died St Louis, 1922.
          vi. Charles Richard PHAYER, born Arcadia, 1903; died 1997; married 1stly, Opal NELSON; he married 2ndly LaVerne TUCKER.
          vii. Winifred Agnes PHAYER, born Arcadia, 1905; died at Denver, Colorado, 1951.
     f. Susan Johanna PHAYER, born Alton, 14 Feb 1863 or 1864; died at Los Angeles, 15 Dec 1947; married at Alton, 29 Aug 1887, John Patrick ROACH (born Limerick, Ireland, 1866); he died at L.A.,1939; issue 11 children, including:
          i. John Jospeh ROACH, born 1894.
     g. Elizabeth PHAYER, born Upper Alton,15 Jan 1866; died at Clayton, Missouri, 11 Dec 1959; married Richard HEATH (died 1949); issue:
          i. John HEATH, born 1902; died 1920
3. William PHAYER, bapt St John's, Limerick, 10 Apr 1810. See [K] next.
4. Susannah PHAYER, born ca 1812; died 1897; married John HEAVENER, with issue.
5. Charles PHAYER, born ca 1819; probably died at Meelick, Co Clare, 25 Jul 1879, & Reg'd at Limerick, Sep qtr 1879, aged 60 [Vol.5, p.242]; probate granted to Edward PHAYER of George St, Limerick, Gent; said to have married Margaret POWER, with issue.
6. Jane PHAYER, born ca 1823; died Co Limerick, 1863; married at Limerick, 23 Mar 1848, Richard MILLER [Limerick Chronicle]; issue included (with details from Barbara PHAYRE's pedigree in her "Cromwell's Legacy"):
     a. Margaret Crawford MILLER, born 23 Mar 1849; married in Dublin, 23 Oct 1872, her cousin, William PHAYER, & emigrated to Australia [see below].
     b. Catherine Jane MILLER, born 7 Jun 1850; died Cape Town, 1935; married Richard Freeman CARMICHAEL.
     c. Jessie MILLER, born 6 Jul 1852; died young.
     d. Isabella Jessie MILLER, born 2 Nov 1856 (sic - perhaps in error for 1854?); died 1912.
     e. Duncan Taylor MILLER, born 4 Jul 1856; died 1928.
     f. Richard MILLER, born 1 Feb 1858; Midshipman, R.N.; drowned in 1874, off the coast of West Africa, 1874 (Ashanti War)
     g. William Phayer MILLER, b 19 Sep 1859; emigrated to Australia; his wife Annie Louisa MILLER died at Geelong, 26 Feb 1917, mother of Louie (Mrs G.C. BROMELL), Behan & Frank.
7. Richard PHAYER, born ca 1823; Coach builder; married Margaret MULCAHY; issue included:
     a. Richard PHAYER, born 13 Aug 1861; died on 9 Oct 1943; married on 4 Feb 1888, Bridget MAHONY (1864-1949); issue included:
          i. Mary Ellen PHAYER, born 22 Feb 1889; married 1stly, John O'CONNELL (died at Ypres, 1917); she married 2ndly, Thomas ROCHE.
          iv. Michael Conleth PHAYER, born Limerick, 12 Apr 1895; emigrated to Queensland; Saddler, Kuder's Hotel, Barcaldine, Kennedy Division, 1937; enlisted  in the 2nd A.I.F., at Brisbane, next-of-kin Ellen ROACH; died in Qld, 1960 #C2588, born Limerick, aged 65 (parents not recorded).
8. Thomas PHAYER, born ca 1825; Coach builder.
9. Catherine PHAYER, born ca 1827; aged 20, of Caherconlish, when married at Dromkeen, Co Limerick, 28 Oct 1847, to Richard KEAYS of Grange (son of William KEAYS, Farmer), witnessed William KEAYS & N.L. PHAYER.

[K] William PHAYER; Coachbuilder, 58 O'Connell Street, Limerick; J.P.; resided at India Villa, Corbally, County Limerick; living 1861; had a family vault in St Munchin's, Limerick; married at St Michael's, Limerick, 20 Nov 1837, Ellen (or Eleanor) Lloyd MYLES; she died at 58 George Street, Limerick, 24 Jul 1879, aged 61; issue (with some details from Barbara PHAYRE's pedigree in her "Cromwell's Legacy"):
1. Richard Miles PHAYER, bapt St Michael's, Limerick, 21 Oct 1838; emigrated to Australia; "eldest son" when he died at Ballan, 14 Sep 1881, aged 41 [Argus, Thur 15 Sep]; probably married Mary PROUDFOOT alias KAVANAGH; she possibly died at Ballarat, 1893 #12913, aged 53 (parents Laurence KAVANAGH & Mary MURRAY or MURPHY).
2. Ellen Elizabeth PHAYER, bapt St Michael's, Limerick, 17 Nov 1839; died in London, 1919; as Elizabeth, married at Parteen Church, 25 Jun 1857, Dr Edward Canny RYALL, H.M.'s 86th Regiment [Limerick Chronicle]; he died in Jul 1880; issue:
     a. Edward Canny RYALL, born Queen's County, 1865; died London, 1934.
     b. William Phayer RYALL, born Isle of Wight, 1867.
     c. Charles RYALL, born Isle of Wight, 1870.
     d. Alice Maude May RYALL, born Kilkee, County Clare, 1872.
     e. Kathleen Ethel RYALL, born 1874.
3. Catherine (Kate) Jane PHAYER, born ca 1841; 2nd daughter; married 1stly, St Patrick's, Clare, 29 Apr 1861, Robert CRUISE; he died at Hartstronge Street, Limerick, 11 Mar 1862; she married 2ndly, at St Thomas's C.of I., Dublin, 18 Jun 1867, Albert John BEARDSHAW.
4. Anna Maria PHAYER, born 13 Jan 1843; as the 3rd daughter, married at St George's Cathedral, Cape Town, 27 Dec 1866, R. A. ZEEDERBERGH, Esq, M.D., eldest son of R.A. ZEEDERBERGH, Merchant in Cape Town [Limerick Chronicle].
5. William PHAYER, born Limerick, 30 Apr 1844; went to Australia, probably arriving in Melbourne in Dec 1872 on the ship "Marpesia" with wife Margaret; settled at Foster, Gippsland, Vic; died at Foster, Vic, 23 Jul 1896 #5970, aged 52 (parents named); married in Dublin, 23 Oct 1872, his cousin Margaret Crawford MILLER; she died at the residence of her daughter (Mrs Jessie CHEATLE), 90 Molesworth Street, North Melbourne, on 13 Sep 1940 #9309, aged 91 (parents Richard & Jane MILLER); issue:
     a. William Richard PHAYER, born Foster, Vic, 1874; died at Dandenong, 3 Aug 1945, aged 71, late of Dunblane Road, Noble Park; married 1902 #2509, Violet TWITE; she died at Brunswick, May 1935 #3671 (parents George TWITE & Jane WARREN); issue:
          i. Dorothy (Doris) Margaret Isabella PHAYER, born Vic, 1903 #3297; married SMITH.
     b. Alice Maude PHAYER, born Vic ca 1876; died Foster, 1877 #1448, aged 1.
     c. Edward Charles PHAYER, born Foster, 1878; died Fitzroy, Vic, 23 Jun 1936 #6311, aged 58; married 1909 #5215, Margaret Isabella Mary SCOTT; she died at Box Hill, Vic, 1954 #6994 (parents Isaac St SCOTT & Mary Ann FLINN); issue:
          i. Edward PHAYER.
          ii. Kathleen PHAYER.
          iii. Dulcie PHAYER.
          iv. Ronald PHAYER.
     d. Richard Carmichael PHAYER, born Foster, 1881; died 1945.
     e. Margaret Beatrice PHAYER, born Foster, 1883, a twin; died 1901.
     f. Mary Ethel PHAYRE, born Foster, 1883, the other twin; died 1966; died at Cambrian Hill, Vic, 1966 #25591, aged 85 (parents named); married Vic, 1905 #3254, Joseph Francis ANDERSON; issue:
          i. James Shields ANDERSON, born Carlton, 1905 #9106; died Preston, Vic, 1960 #34982, aged 55 (parents named).
          ii. Reginald Francis ANDERSON, born Toorak, Vic, 1909 #6830; died Crel, Vic, 1979 #18322, aged 70 (parents named).
     g. Kathleen Jane PHAYER, born Foster, 1886; died at Foster, 1899 #5785, aged 12 (parents named).
     h. Vivian Charles, born Foster, 1886; died 1958; of Yea, when married on 14 Jan 1915 #1324, to Henrietta Joan RAMSAY [Toora & Welshpool --- & South Gippsland Observer, Fri 5 Feb] .
      j. Jessie PHAYER, born ca 1890; at 90 Molesworth St, North Mekbourne, 1937  to 1954; died at Kew, Vic, 1962 #21985, aged 71 (parents named); married ca 1935, Simeon CHEATLE; he died at 90 Molesworth Street, North Melbourne, 25 Oct 1945 (parents Simeon CHEATLE Sr & Elizabeth Ann MUDGE).
     k. Eileen PHAYER, born ca 1895; living Sep 1940; died Vic, 1986, aged 91; married Loftus Algie STEWART, with issue. 
     m. Dorothea PHAYER, born ca 1902; unmarried, with mother, 1915; died at Dandenong, 1949 #18355, aged 46 (parents named).
6. Henrietta PHAYER, born 16 Apr 1847; probably died at Kilkenny, Dec qtr 1920, aged 73 [Vol.3, p.289]; 4th daughter, married at St Paul's, Cork, Nov 1870, Edward DUNPHY of Cork; they were at Quarrylands, Rural Kilkenny, 1901 Census, both aged 54, with 3 children; ditto 1911, aged 63, with daughter, married 40 years with 12 children surviving from 13 born; issue:
     a. (child), born Kilkenny, 8 Oct 1871.
     b. (child), born Kilkenny, 18 Dec 1872.
     c. Edward Garnett DUNPHY, born Kilkenny, 23 Mqr 1874.
     d. Charles William Phayre DUNPHY; died at Mout Sion, Kilkenny, 27 Jan 1876, an infant. Perhaps one of (a) or (b)?
     e. Christina DUNPHY, born Co Kilkenny, ca 1878; aged 13, with parents, 1901 Census.
     f. Frederick DUNPHY, born Kilkenny, 13 Sep 1879.
     g. Victor DUNPHY, born Co Kilkenny, ca 1882; aged 18, with parents, 1901 Census.
     h. Eileen DUNPHY, born Co Kilkenny, ca 1884; aged 26, with parents, 1911 Census.
     j. Henry DUNPHY, born Co Kilkenny, ca 1886; aged 14, with parents, 1901 Census.
7. Rebecca PHAYER, born 25 Oct 1848; died at Indiaville, 8 Feb 1862, aged 13.
8. Thomas PHAYER, born 17 Apr 1850; emigrated to Victoria; at Echuca, 1881, a Steam-boat hand on the vessel "Tyro" under Capt HANSEN (engaged on it in 1880), when he gave evidence in a slander trial brought on by a passenger against HANSEN; eventually settled in Mildura, as a Carter; entered his "cottage garden" at Orange Avenue in the Mildura Garden Competition, Dec 1890; his house in Orange Avenue caught fire in Dec 1909, destroying the interior & contents; married at Wentworth, N.S.W., 1885 #7409, Isabella HUSSEY; she died at South Melbourne, 1928 #2852, aged 63 (parents Henry HUSSEY & Sarah ASHWORTH); issue:
     a. Flor. Mary PHAYER, born Vic, 1891 #25682.
     b. William Henry PHAYER, born Vic, 1893 #5963; enlisted in the A.I.F., 9 Aug 1915, aged 22 yrs 8 mos, Coach Driver; Served in France  witht eh 6th Infantry Battalion; wounded in France, 25 Jul 1916; returned to Australia, 4 May 1917, on H.M.A.T. Runic, & discharged on 13 Aug 1917; Farmer at Caldermeade, 1931; Farmer, Lang Lang, 1936; Farmer, Koo-Wee-Rup, 1949; at 1 Hemming St, Dandenong, 1963; he died at Dandenong, 1964 #16456, aged 71 (parents named); probably married Alice Hilda (she was with him, Home Duties, 1931-1963); poss issue:
          i. John Charles PHAIRE, born Melbourne, 17 May 1918; enlisted in the 2nd A.I.F.,in the field in Qld, next-of-kin Alice PHAYER.
     c. Charles Ashworth PHAYER, born Vic, 1895 #14408; enlisted in the A.I.F., 14 Oct 1914, aged 19, Horse driver; embarked in Melbourne, 13 Apr 1915, on H.M.A.T. Wiltshire; & served with the 4th Regt, 9th Light Horse, at Gallipoli (May to Nov 1915); returned to Australia from Suez, Jan 1916 & discharged Jun 1916; Member of the Melbourne Harbour Trust, 1939; wide experience in the Milk Industry; Managing Director of the Longwarry Butter Factory Coy; Office Bearer, Victorian Branch, United Country Party; died at his residence, 199 Lennox St, Richmond, 24 Aug 1948 #9311, aged 53, & cremated at Fawkner Crem, 26 Aug (Methodist); married Vic, 1916 #5614, Catherine Theresa McHUGH; issue 5 sons & 2 daughters surviving, including:
          i. Reginald Ashworth PHAYER, born Whittlesea, Vic, 14 Jan 1917; enlisted in the 2nd A.I.F. at Warrugul, next-of-kin Charkes PHAYER, SN V42241; at 24 Bridge St, Noble Park, 1963, with probable wife Clara Iris.
     d. Ellen PHAYER, born Vic, 1897 #13045.
     e. Reginald Myles PHAYER, born Vic, 1898 #20759; Private, A.I.F., enlisted at Mildura, 2 May 1916, Shop Assistant, aged 18 yrs 1 mo; embarked at Melbourne, 16 Aug 1916, on the R.M.S. Orontes; served with 38th Infantry Battalion,Western Front; killed-in-action at Messines, Belgium, 7 or 9 Jun 1917, aged 18 years & 10 months.
     f. Thomas Vivian PHAYER, born Vic, 1901 #13037; died Fran., Vic, 1978 #10463, aged 77 (parents named).
     g. Nora PHAYRE, born Vic, 1903 #27494; as Noreen Louise DAKIS, died at Mildura, 1980  #25001, aged 77 (parents named).
     h. Keith PHAYER, born Vic, 1906 #12527; died aged 1 day.
9. Susannah PHAYER, born 2 Sep 1851; probate granted 30 Jul 1888; married in 1880, Arthur BEECHWOOD [Barbara PHAYRE's pedigree]; issue included:
     a. Arthur William BEECHWOOD, born Dublin, 29 Dec 1880.
10. Alice Maude (Mary) PHAYER, born 11 Oct 1852; "...younger daughter" when she died at her father's residence, India Villa, Corbally, 11 Dec 1871, aged 19 [Limerick Chronicle, 12 Dec].
11. Charles PHAYER, b ca 1855; died at Corbally, 29 Dec 1874 [Barbara PHAYRE's pedigree].
12. Edward Canny PHAYER, born at Corbally, 3 Jun 1858 [Limerick Chronicle]; went to South Africa; died at Orange Free State, 9 Nov 1882.


Robert PHAIR; Sergeant, 48th Regiment; this Regiment sailed from Cork to N.S.W. in 1817; married at St Phillip's Church, Sydney, 19 Feb 1824, Sarah BARLOW, widow; her 1st husband, Sergeant Edward BARLOW, Quarter Master, 48th Regt, had died in the Military Hospital, Sydney, 20 Feb 1823 (by whom she had a daughter Elizabeth BARLOW, who married in Oct 1823 James RICHARDSON, 48th Regt - and they had three younger children born in Sydney, 1818-1822); the 48th went to India in 1824; all four of them - "Sgt FAIR, who married the widow of Sgt BARLOW, Mrs FAIR, as well as her daughter Mrs RICHARDSON & son-in-law Sgt RICHARDSON" - were reported as having died in Madras, that report published in the Sydney Gazette, 25 Nov 1824, & in Hobart Town Gazette of 24 Dec 1824.

Robert PHAIR; died at his residence, 50 Hay Street off Sussex Street, Sydney, Dec 1878 [Sydney Morning Herald, Tue 17 Dec]; married Ellen; she died at 362 Castlereagh Street, Sydney, 27 May 1858, aged 40 years [S.M.H., Thur 10 Jun]; issue:
     a. John Thomas PHAIR, born ca 1838; eldest son; died at his father's residence, 128 Bourke Street, Woolloomooloo, 26 Feb 1864 #553, aged 25 [S.M.H., Sat 27 Feb].
     b. Louisa PHAIR; youngest daughter; married Sydney, 5 Jun 1867, by Rev William CURNOW, to James Henry BERRY (son of Francis BERRY); issue.

John PHAIR; in N.S.W. before 1865; horse trainer, of Oberon, N.S.W.; sold his farm, on the Fish River, near Oberon, in Mar 1889; died at his residence, Perry Street, Canterbury, 12 Jan 1911 #1029, aged 70 (parents named as John & Jane); married at Bathurst, 1865 #145, Jessie Martha WHALAN; she died at Canterbury, 1930 #11890; issue:
     a. Ann Jane PHAIR, born Hartley, 1866 #9231; died at Burragorang, 10 Dec 1930; married in 1886, John GRUNDY.
     b. Robert J. PHAIR, born Hartley, 1868 #10155.
     c. George PHAIR, born Hartley, 1870 #10746; thrown from his horse at Oberon, May 1890, & lay unconscious at his father's house for some days [Bathurst Free Press, Tue 13 May]; an employe of Mr F.S. GRAHAM of Oberon, 1899; jumped or fell overboard & drowned during a voyage on the ship Mauaroa from N.Z. to Sydney, Aug 1899.
     d. Emma Matilda PHAIR, born Hartley, 1872 #11038; married John WANDBY.
     e. Rosa Maria PHAIR, born Hartley, 1874 #12177.
     f. John Ernest PHAIR, born Hartley, 1876 #7813.
     g. Jessie Caroline PHAIR, born Hartley, 1881 #17435.
     h. Oswald C. PHAIR, born Hartley, 1885 #14259.

John PHAIR; of County Tyrone; he died relatively young, leaving his wife with "...a young family of 4 sons and 4 daughters"; married Mary IRWIN or IRVINE, born ca Jun 1818, a "...niece of Rev Arthur IRVINE & Capt George IRVINE"; she died in Aug 1918, " her home farm, Laughterush, near Belfast, at the age of 100 years and 2 months" [Maitland Mercury, 18 Nov 1918], leaving 3 sons & 2 daughters surviving her, of whom three emigrated to Australia; issue:
     a. Christopher PHAIR, born ca 1839; emigrated from Ireland on the ship "Hereford" arriving in Sydney, 22 Apr 1882; Baker; settled in East Maitland, & was in the bakery business with his brother John; died at the residence of his brother-in-law (Mr James WYLLIE), Anne Street, East Maitland, Jul 1915 #9434 [Maitland Daily News, &c, Sat 31 Jul], aged 66, a native of Loughterush, County Tyrone; unmarried; buried East Maitland Cemetery, Presbyterian, Row 13, aged 76 [M.I.].
     b. Ann Jane PHAIR, born ca 1841; emigrated to N.S.W. before 1871; died at Ann Street, East Maitland, 5 Oct 1922, aged 81, without issue, leaving her husband, and three brothers surviving her [Maitland Weekly, Sat 7 Oct]; she married at Paterson, N.S.W., 1871 #3203, James WYLLIE; he was a Baker in East Maitland, both buried East Maitland General Cemetery, Presbyterian, Row 13  [M.I.].
     c. William PHAIR, born 9 Apr 1843; living in Bendigo, 1922;died at Golden Square, Bendigo, 20 Jun 1931; married in Vic, 18 Mar 1890, Caroline Charlotte Alice CARTER; she died 1951, aged 87; issue:
          i. Caroline Mary Alice May PHAIR, born 1891; died at Leongatha, Vic, 1969 #11541, aged 78; married Vic, 1914, Charles John CHRISTOPHERSON.
          ii. Clarice Beatrice Ann PAIR, born ca 1892; died Mount Albert, Vic, 1978 #5896, aged 85; married 1stly, Vic, 1917, Herbert Henry PITHIE; she married 2ndly, Mr TEAGUE.
          iii. Thomas William PHAIR, born ca 1894; died at Heidelberg, 1973 #23368, aged 78.
          iv. Edith Elizabeth PHAIR, born ca 1899; died 1967 #14056, aged 67
          v. Gertrude Olive Edna PHAIR, born 1902; died 1950.
     d. James PHAIR; living in Ireland, 1922.
     e. Eliza PHAIR, born Co Tyrone, ca 1853; died at Loughterush, Kelsherry, County Tyrone, 6 Feb 1922, aged 68 [Maitland Mercury, 30 Mar].
     f. John Gerard PHAIR, born Co Tyrone, ca 1854; emigrated to N.S.W.; in N.S.W., Dec 1879, when he paid an immigration deposit for his brother Christopher; ran a Bakery business in Maitland with his brother Christopher; died at East Maitland, Feb 1926 #11890, & buried East Maitland General Cemetery, Presbyterian Section, Row 13, aged 71 [M.I.].

James PHAIR died at Broulee, N.S.W., 1863 #3202, aged 24, parents not named; he died from injuries sustained during an altercation with Charles BRYEN, who was charged with feloniously slaying PHAIR at Nerringdah, near Araluen; BRYEN had retaliated against PHAIR for his using an abusive epithet against him and kicking him, while they were in the company of Mrs Ellen WHITE; PHAIR died some hours after receiving a head wound from a table knife which BRYEN was holding.
James may have been from County Tyrone, possibly also a FAIR. He appears to have had a son named James Graham PHAIR or FAIR, said to have been born on 4 Sep 1858, only son of James PHAIR and Mary Ellen DOYLE (but N.S.W. Statutory Indexes do not record a birth to these parents).


Robert PHAIR; married at Trichinopoly, Madras, 29 Dec 1824, Elizabeth CAROLLAN; she was probably the Elizabeth PHAIR who was buried at Trichinopoly, Madras, 21 Feb1827, aged 41.
Robert PHAIR; perhaps the same as the previous, & if so a widower; Lieut, 44th Regiment, when married at Chinsurah, Bengal, 2 Jun 1834, Mary Ann YORK; issue included:
     a. Mary Jane PHAIR, born 20 Jun 1837, & bapt at Ghazeepore, Bengal, 27 Jun.
     b. Maria PHAIR, born 9 Feb 1840 & bapt at Kurnaul, Bengal, 1 Mar, father a Sergeant, 44th Regiment; buried at Kurnaul, 20 Sep 1840.
John PHAIR, born ca 1837; buried at Baroda, Bombay,  8 Jun 1865, aged 28.
James PHAIR, born ca 1847; buried at Hazareebaugh, Bengal, 15 Sep 1865, aged 18.

Thomas PHAYRE; married Margaret (-?-); issue:
     a. Margaret PHAYRE, bapt at Fort William, Bengal, 30 Oct 1825; perhaps buried at Dinapore, Bengal, 22 May 1826, aged 0.
John PHAYRE, born ca 1836; died 15 Mar 1847 and was buried at Subathoo, Bengal, 16 Mar, aged 10.
Daundein Cherubin PHAYRE, born ca 1907; buried at Rangoon, Bengal, 12 Jun 1928, aged 21.

Richard FAIRE; married Mary (-?-); issue:
     a. Eliza FAIRE, bapt Meerut, India, 12 Jul 1827.


Andrew PHAIR, born ca 1757, perhaps in Ireland; possibly served in the 9th Regiment of Foot; enlisted on 16 Sep 1781 in Benedict ARNOLD's Loyal American Legion [SABINE, Vol.2], & was appointed Adjutant; his account with Government, dated 2 May 1783 at Staten Island, for Stationery & Sundry for the period 25 Dec 1782 to 24 Jun 1783; he shortly after settled in Fredericton, New Brunswick, where he taught at the College of New Brunswick (formerly the Academy of Liberal Arts and Sciences); Auctioneer, City of St John, New Brunswick, 1813; he was Barracks Master & Postmaster; he died there on 9 Nov 1824, aged 67, & was buried in the Old Burial Ground, Fredericton; he married in New York Province, by License dated 10 May 1782, Mrs Margaret BARRY, the widow of Major Henry BARRY (9th Regiment of Foot); she died at Fredericton on 27 Jul 1833, aged 70, & was buried with her 2nd husband (she already had a daughter Mary BARRY - who was at Fredericton, 1851 Census, aged 72, born Ireland, residing with her probable half-sister Harriet PHAIR at the house of their nephew Francis STRATTON); they had issue :
1. William Barry PHAIR, born Staten Island, 17 Mar 1783; Ensign, King's New Brunswick Regiment; Lieut, 104th Regiment, 1811, served in the War of 1812, & retired in 1816; settled at Kingslear; Postmaster, Fredericton, 1825; at Fredericton, 1851 Census, aged 68, with wife (aged 48) & 8 children; died at Ferdericton, 12 Mar 1853; married at Fredericton, 5 Aug 1816, Rebecca Hannay RAINSFORD (b 1800); she was at Fredericton, 1861 Census, age 62, Head of Family, with 4 ch'n; she died in 1866; they had issue:
     a. Margaret PHAIR, born 1819; aged 32, with parents, 1851; a Margaret PHAIR, but clearly another, married on 8 Dec 1840, George LEE (b 1816, son of Thomas Carlton LEE by Margaret Lester WETMORE, & so a brother of William Tyng Peters LEE); issue:
          i. Annie Rebecca LEE.
          ii. George LEE.
          iii. William LEE, born 1842; died 30 Mar 1870.
     b. Andrew Stratton PHAIR, born 1821; at Fredericton, 1861 Census, aged 40, with wife, 3 ch'n & his sister-in-law; died at Fredericton, 21 Apr 1875; married Harriett I.S. (RAINSFORD); she was born Canada West, ca 1828 (younger sister of Elizabeth A. RAINSFORD, aged 46 in 1861); they had issue:
          i. William B. PHAIR, born Canada, ca 1852; aged 8, with parents, 1861.
          ii. Harriett H, M, PHAIR, born Canada, ca 1854; aged 6, with parents, 1861.
          iii. Elizabeth A. PHAIR, born Canbada, ca 1857; aged 3, with parents, 1861.
     c. William Barry PHAIR, born 1822; aged 29, with parents, 1851; aged 39, with mother, 1861 Census.
     d. John Henry PHAIR, born Fredericton, 20 Dec 1823; Attorney (16 Oct 1845) & Barrister (14 Oct 1847), New Brunswick; at Fredericton, 1851 Census, aged 28, with wife & son; visited Victoria with his brother, 1852, but soon returned to New Brunswick; in legal partnership with his cousin, Francis STRATON, at Fredericton; Fishing Commissioner; appointed Clerk of the Legislative Council, 1891; married at Christ Church, Fredericton, 6 Mar 1850, Sarah Elizabeth COY (born 1835, daughter of Asa COY, Esq, of Fredericton); she was aged 20, with husband, 1851; with her parents, 1861; issue:
          i. Edwin Ernest PHAIR, born Fredericton, 1851; an infant, with parents, 1851 Census; aged 10, with mother & COY grandparents, 1861 Census; died 1929; married 1874, Junita ESTEY, with issue.
          ii. Harry Ring PHAIR, born 1866; died 24 Dec 1941; married Jessie TENNANT.
          iii. Frances Agnes Rebecca PHAIR, born Jul 1870; died 11 Mar 1947; married H. Percy LEE.
     e. Garnet Winslow PHAIR, born 1825; poss, as Harriet Winslow PHAIR, married on 27 Jun 1850, William Tyng Peters LEE (born 1824, son of Thomas Carlton LEE by Margaret Lester WETMORE - she was a sister of Timothy Peter WETMORE); issue:
          i. Harriet W. LEE, born 1854; died 1874.
     f. Sarah J. PHAIR, born 1825; aged 26, with parents, 1851 Census; aged 36, with mother, 1861 Census.
     g. Harriet Jane PHAIR, born 1828; as Harriet W. PHAIR, aged 24, with parents, 1851 Census; died at Fredericton, 1913.
     h. Robert Armstrong PHAIR, born 1829; aged 22, with parents, 1851 Census; went to Australia, arriving in Victoria, Oct 1852, on the ship "Revenue" from New Brunswick, Canada; at Chambers Street, Prahran, 1865; Hotel Keeper, Clarence Hotel, cnr Collins Street East & Elizabeth Street, Melbourne, where he died, 8 Jul 1868 #6742, aged 38 [Argus, Thu 9 Jul]; Adm'on 30 Jul 1868 to Eliza PHAIR; married Vic, 1864 #1639, Eliza (Agnes) O'SHEA; issue included:
          i. Agnes Frances PHAIR, born Emerald Hill, 1865 #8465; died Vic, 1928; married in Melbourne, 8 Dec 1887, Robert Ramsay Jr, of Foochow, China - issue included Mary Marshall RAMSAY (mother of British Racing Car Driver & Team Owner, Robert Ramsay Campbell WALKER) & Marshall Clive RAMSAY (died Vic, 1912, aged 9).
          ii. Ernest Clarence PHAIR, born Melbourne, 1867 #16880.
     j. Mary Emerson PHAIR, born 1830; aged 21, with parents, 1851 Census; aged 30, with mother, 1861 Census..
     k. Francis Spencer Blair PHAIR, born 1833; as Spencer, aged 16, with parents, 1851 Census; aged 28, with mother, 1861 Census; died at Fredericton, 1862.
     l. Frances Katherine PHAIR, born 1836; aged 13, with parents, 1851 Census; died at Fredericton, 1861.
     m. Charles Edward PHAIR, born 1839; died 1839; infant.
2. Harriett Margaret PHAIR, born America, 1785; aged 60, with nephew Francis STRATTON, 1861 Census; died at Fredericton, 1863.
3. Isabella S. PHAIR; died at St Kits, 22 Oct 1818, probably in child-birth; married at Fredericton, 9 Sep 1809, John Mathew (or Murray) STRATON, Captain, Royal Artillery; with issue:
     a. Frances Sophia Margaret STRATON, born 1810; died 1842; married 13 Jan 1829, Timothy Robert WETMORE (son of Thomas WETMORE, a Judge, by Sarah PETERS, and so a brother of Margaret Lester WETMORE); with issue:
          i. Isabella Hailes WETMORE.
          ii. Harriet Margaret WETMORE.
          iii. Mary Elizabeth White WETMORE.
          iv. John Stratton WETMORE.
          v. Charles Inglis WETMORE.
          vi. Frances Gustavia WETMORE; aged 13, 1851 Census, with uncle Francis STRATON.
          vii. Emily Myers WETMORE; aged 12, 1851 Census, with ubncle Francis STRATON.
     b. Francis A.H. STRATON, born Gibraltar, 2 Mar 1817; Solicitor in Fredericton, in partnership with his cousin John Henry PHAIR; at Fredericton, 1851 Census, aged 34, with wife, 5 ch'n, & several related lodgers (Mary BARRY & Harriett PHAIR); died at Fredericton, 16 Jun 1900; married 1stly, 1842, Sarah Jane BLISS (1817-1864), with issue 6 sons, including:
          i. John Mathew STRATON, born 11 Dec 1843; aged 7, with parents, 1851; First Mate on the barque Genii when he perished at sea, 4 Oct 1869, aged 25 years.
          ii. Sarah Isabella STRATON; aged 5, with parents, 1851.
          iii. George Pidgeon Bliss STRATON; aged 4, with parents, 1851.
          iv. Frances Sophia Margaret ATRATON; aged 2, with parents, 1851.
          v. Mary Rebecca Harriett STRATON, born ca 1850; infant, with parents, 1851; died in 1860, aged 9.
          vi. Frank STRATON; died aged 2 years.
          vii. Barry Bliss STRATON, born Fredericton, 27 Dec 1854; a poet; died 10 Oct 1901; married in 1889, Leonora Margaret HARRIS.
          viii. James Murray STRATON, born 1856; died 1883.
          ix. Andrew William STRATON, b 1853; died in 1890, a young man..
          x. Frances STRATON, b 1861; died 1886..
          xi. Thomas Chalres Henry STRATON
     c. Isabella STRATON; died in infancy, probably at St Kitts, Oct 1818.

Another PHAIR family in Canada & the U.S. tempts finding a connection due to similar names (Andrew & ARMSTRONG), as follows (with acknowledgement to George SPEER's for his on-line pedigrees):

Alexander PHAIR; probably of County Armagh, Ireland; father of:

James PHAIR, born in Ireland, probably in County Armagh, ca 1777; died in 1835; married Elizabeth ARMSTRONG of Belfast; issue:
1. Andrew PHAIR, born ca 1808-10; died at Andover, Essex County, Massachusetts, on 10 Apr 1858; married Ann BANNERMAN (b 1814); aged 54, at Limestone, Maine, 1870 Census; she died 1895; issue:
     a. Ann PHAIR, born 1833; married William ROACH (he may have arrived in New York, ca 1840, from Cork, with brother Patrick) .
     b. Elizabeth PHAIR, born 1837; married John H. McGOWAN (born Maine, 1835); issue included:
          i. John Franklin McGOWAN.
     c. Jane PHAIR, born at Restigouche, N.B., 2 Jan 1839; died at Drummond, N.B., 9 Oct 1924; married 1stly, on 14 Mar 1863, George D. KETCHUM, of Gordon, Victoria County, N.B.; issue:
          i. Henry Willis KETCHUM, born 1864; died 1910.
Jane married 2ndly, at Grand Falls, Victoria County, N.B., 26 Oct 1869, John Henry DAY; with further issue:
          ii. Evelyn Ella DAY, born N.B., 29 Mar 1871.
          iii. Annie Ada DAY, born N.B., 10 Jan 1873.
          iv. Alice May DAY, born N.B., 28 May 1875.
          v. Nellie Phair DAY, born N.B., 25 Nov 1877; married Charlotte County, N.B., 3 Jan 1903, Hary Herman SMITH, with issue.
          vi. George Herman DAY, born N.B., 7 Dec 1882.
          vii. James William DAY, born N.B., 7 Dec 1882.
          viii. Oram Andrew DAY, born N.B., 4 Aug 1886.
     d. Mary PHAIR, born 1841.
     e. Margaret A. PHAIR, born 25 Jun 1842; married as his 2nd wife, Reuben Brewer CHASE.
     f. James Armstrong PHAIR, born New Brunswick, 1844; at Limestone, MAine, 18710, aged 23, Farmer, with mother & brother; died 12 Oct 1913; married Nellie J. BOLSTRIDGE (born 1859).
     g. William Bannerman PHAIR, born 3 Oct 1849.
     h. Caroline Emily PHAIR, born 15 Feb 1852; marr McDONALD.
     j. George Andrew PHAIR, born Maine, 17 Mar 1859; at Limestone, Maine, 1870, aged 15, at home with mother & brother; at Limestone, 1900 Census, aged 45, with 2nd wife Minnie & 7 ch'n; died 29 Nov 1936; married 1stly, Annie Margaret KELLY (b 1859); she died in 1890; he married 2ndly, Minnie May THOMPSON (b 1866); she died 1935.
2. James PHAIR, born 1809; died 1856; married Hannah MURPHY (born 1849); she died 2 Apr 1903; issue:
     a. Alexander PHAIR, born Chatham, New Brunswick, 26 Sep 1841; at Prince Edward Island, 1881 Census, aged 47, Farmer, with 2nd wife & 6 children; at Presque Isle, Maine, 1900 Census, aged 59, Farmer, married 34 years, with wife Annie & 4 ch'n; he died 5 Oct 1926; married 1stly, Jul 1863, Ellen SILLIKER (born 1841); she died 31 May 1864 (buried Cape Travers Cemetery); he married 2ndly, Prince Edward Island, 25 Oct 1865, Angelina ROBINSON alias GAMBLE; she died 1934, aged 86; she was aged 54, with husband, 1900, issue 10 children 9 surviving; issue:
          i. George Robert PHAIR, born P.E.I., Sep 1866; aged 14, with parents, 1881; aged 33, with parents, 1900; of Presque Isle, Maine, 1926.
          ii. Mary PHAIR, born P.E.I., ca 1868; aged 12, with parents, 1881.
          iii. Jane PHAIR, born P.E.I., ca 1869; aged 11, with parents, 1881; Mrs HOWARD of Rockland, Maine, 1926.
          iv. Minnie PHAIR, born P.E.I., ca 1872; aged 8, with parents, 1881; of Danvers, Massachusetts, 1926.
          v. Sarah PHAIR, born P.E.I., ca 1874; aged 6, with parents,1881.

          vi. Peter PHAIR, born P.E.I., Jun 1878; aged 3, with parents, 1881; aged 21, with parents, 1900; of Littleton, Maine, 1926; at Wallow Town, Aroostook County, Maine, 1940 Census, aged 62, with wife (aged 64) & 3 ch'n (aged 12, 5 & 3); he died in Oct 1948; married Mabel CHASE, with issue.
          vii. William PHAIR; of Gardiner, Maine, 1926; of Augusta, 1948.

          viii. Adelia (Dillie) PHAIR, born Maine, Aug 1885; aged 14, with parents, 1900; Mrs IRELAND of Spragueville, Maine, 1926; Mrs Leslie IRELAND of Boston, 1948.
          ix. Elizabeth PHAIR; Mrs CLOCKADILE of Presque Isle, 1926; Mrs GABRIEL of Littleton, 1948; married at Presque Isle, 23 Oct 1930, William GABRIEL.
          x. Joseph PHAIR, born MAine, Aug 1887; aged 12, with parents, 1900.

     b. James H. PHAIR, born 18 Jul 1884; died 24 Jul 1924; married Elizabeth Ann GALLAGHER (born 1843); she died 6 Jun 1926; issue.
     c. Joseph PHAIR, born ca 1846.
     d. Thomas H. PHAIR, born 6 Apr 1850; the "Starch King"; died 18 May 1916; married Ada FORBES (born Enfield, Maine, ca 1854, daughter of George FORBES and Mary BURR); she died at Presque Isle, Sep 1898; issue:
          i. Charles PHAIR; living at home, 1898.
     e. Mary PHAIR, born ca 1850; married T.H. LOWERY.
     f. Emma Elizabeth PHAIR, born ca 1852; married Laselle MANSON.
3. Sarah PHAIR, born ca 1811.
4. Alexander PHAIR, born ca 1813.
5. Thomas PHAIR, born ca 1815. 


William WELPLY made abstracts from a large number of wills lodged in the Public Record Office in the Four Courts, Dublin, before their destruction in 1922. Many of these abstracts were of Munster wills. In addition to the two reproduced above, for Col Robert PHAIRE and for his 2nd wife Elizabeth, are those of a number of their children & other relations.
A typed manuscript of the abstracts has been reproduced in a compilation by Albert Eugene O'CASEY in his "O'Kief, Coshe Mang, Slieve Lougher & Upper Blackwater in Ireland," and published at Alabama, 1968 - in particular in Volume XIV, & commencing at page 639.
These abstracts now, of course, have achieved the status of "primary source" material.
Among them we find the following, in order of signing; with usual abbreviations - Prer (Prerogative); sgd (signed); pr (proved); wits (witnesses); marr sett (marriage settlements); MLB (Marriage License Bond):

Prer. Will of Richard WAKEHAM, Ballylegan, Co Cork; sgd 20 May 1710; pr Feb 1710 (sic - prob 1710-11). To be interred in graveyard of Cork at discretion of overseers as near as can be to body of beloved friend Onesipherus PHAIRE. To grandson John TOOKER estate in fee, viz Ballindinish and Carrageens in South Liberties of Cork with lease of 999 years made to George GAMBLE by Alderman WEBBER... If John TOOKER should die without isue premises to devolve on Wm WAKEHAM son to Wm WAKEHAM, then to Robert WAKEHAM, then to Ones. GAMBLE, then to Robert FARMER, then to heirs-general at law. Three grand daus Katherine, Dorothy, Edith TOOKER. To cousin Eliz. PEIRCE als FARMER £60. To cousin Mary GAMBLE Sr £60. To Wm WAKEHAM Jr son of Wm WAKEHAM £100. To Robert WAKEHAM £60. To Ones. GAMBLE £30. To John son of Goerge GAMBLE 10. To grandson Ricahed PARKER £40. To Maurice HICKEY one in-calf heifer. To Richard SMITH £40. Executor grandson John TOOKER. Trustees two friends Robert FARMER, Ones GAMBLE. Wits: John MITCHELL, John DIXON, Wm DIXON.

Cork Will of James PEIRCE of Curran; sgd 1 Jan 1712; pr 22 Jan 1719. Bequeaths to his wife the interest "in ye works." Son Robert "as soon as he is 21 years. My daughters." Executors "my dear father Robert PEIRCE" (see next abstract). Overseers: "my bro Siff GAMBLE and my bro. John BROOM." Wits: Alex'r Herb't PHAIRE, Robert FARMAR, Edward WISEMAN. NOTE: (1) Curran or Corran is in Co Cork, Barony of E. Carbery, parish of Dunderrow. (2) MLB (Cork) James PEIRCE and Edith GAMBLE, 1695. (3) MLB (Cork) John BROOME & Frances PEARCE, 1713.

Cloyne Will of Robert PEIRCE of Ballygromans, Co Cork; sgd 27 Feb 1712; pr 17 Jul 1721. To be buried in "Caragrohan as near my relations as possible," Wife Elizabeth... "for the use of  her and my children." My dear mother MILLS. Wife sole executrix. Overseers Robert FFARMER and John BROOME. My cousin Ann PHAIRE to be adviser and controller to my wife. To my grand dau Mary PEIRCE the sum of £10. Wits: Edward WISEMAN, John WISEMAN, Onesipherus GAMBLE. [Page 639.]

Prer Will of Aldworth PAHIRE, St John's; sgd 1 Jul 1758; pr 12 May 1762. Edw'd ROGERS son of my late sister and Edward ROGERS both dec'd. Aldworth PHAIRE son of my late nephew Onesipherus PHAIR, niece Eliz. DONOVAN wife of Captain Richard DONOVAN. Ester REYNALS wife of Charles REYNALLS. Aunt Mary PHAIRE. Polly Ann NIXON, Mrs Betty PHAIRE sister of Polly Ann. £50 each to Eliz LASSEURE, Edith HENDERSON, Sarah PEIRCE of St John's. Nephew Robert PHAIRE. Executor Ones. GAMBLE. Wits: Walter GREEN, Richard HAMPTON, Sam RALPH. NOTE: Ones. GAMBLE died before he took probate of this will and admon was granted to Eliz. DONOVAN.

Waterford Will of Edward PHAIR; sgd 12 Dec 1784; pr 30 Mar 1786. Wife Elizabeth. Son Francis. Younger children. Brother William. Sister-in-law Ann PHAIR, widow of my bro. Robert. Sisters - Jane PHAIR, Mary now wife of Lawrence CORBON (sic - prob CORBAN)) of Kilworth, and Eliza CASEY. Mrs John SEWARD. Mr Robert HARDEM (sic - prob HARDUM). Sole executor my brother William. Wits: ---DOYLE, Thos DELANDRE, John SEWARD, John LANDERS.

Prer. Will of Right Hon. Lady Richarda PHAIRE; sgd 12 Sep 1804; pr 30 Nov 1807. Bro. Right Hon Earl of Mountnorris. dau Frances wife of George BARCLAY, son Robert P., dau Mary Ann wife of John BLENNERHASSETT and their children Aldworth and Richard B. Executors: Sir Frederick FLOOD, Wm TURNER. Wits: Chris Job MATURN, Rob't FREEMAN. "I have erased the name of my son Robert PHAIRE's son out of my will on account of his undutiful conduct."

Cork Will of Elizabeth PHAIR of Millview; sgd 17 Dec 1824; pr 30 Jun 1825. Grand daus Elizabeth, Catherine, Mary BARRY. Dau Mary BARRY. Daus-in-law - Elizabeth PHAIR, Mary PHAIR. Other children. Son William. Wits: Lau'ce McOBOY, Ab'm ELLIS.

Prer. Will of Robert PHAYRE of Killoughram Forest and Southampton; sgd 19 May 1826; pr 1835. Recites a Deed of Feb 1811, marr. sett. of Robert PHAYRE, his oldest son, and Sarah DRISCOLL, 2nd son Maxwell PHAYRE, wife Ann PHAYRE, son Frederick Richard PHAYRE now aged 14 years and George Annesley PHAYRE now aged 10. Executrix wife. Wits: John BARNEY of Southampton, Jas FISHER late Lieut. Col. 62nd Reg't, Henry MILWARD, Major, Southampton. Codicil 9 Oct 1826 gives remainder "to my nephew Richard PHAYRE, son of my brother Richard PHAYRE."

Cork Will of William PHAIR of Brooklodge, Co Cork; sgd 1 Dec 1831; pr 30 Nov 1833. Mother Mary Eliza PHAIR. Brother James Casey PHAIR. Six sisters - Eliza, Mary, Martha, Catherine, Hester & Anna Maria PHAIR. Executrix - mother. Wits: John CASEY, John AHERN, John BRENAN.

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Anonymous said...

Hello, thank you for this excellent post. I am a descendent of Col. Robert Phayre and his second wife, Elizabeth Herbert. I am doing some research at the moment and the Herbert line is proving as interesting as the Phayre/Phair!
Thanks again.

Anonymous said...

I thank you too for confirming my conclusions of forty years ago when I read the WElply articles in the Nsw Library. I know I am descended from the Francis Phair line but have never been able to make the direct connection with Col. Robert.My immigrant ancestor was Robert Christopher Phair who brought with him a signet ring with the Phair .coat of arms...used to seal letters , documents etc.His children were Eleanor,Elizabeth, William Colban,Emma,Henry Pickering, Robert Thomas,Susannah. My grandfather was Robert Thomas.My father was Alan Thomas Parkes Phair and his elder brother was Henry.The ring was passed to Henry's son Graham but I believe it may be in the posession of his son Christopher.I too have found the Herbert connection fascinating. Also, the Pickering connection. Do you think this is the Pickering who began the publishing house ? I have many other questions which I have found frustratingly dead ends over the last forty years.....But thank you again for your invaluable research.